Frederick III, Landgrave of Thuringia

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Frederick III
Margrave of Meissen
Landgrave of Thuringia
Friedrich Strenge Albrechtsburg.jpg
Friedrich III of Thuringia, painting from Albrechtsburg in Meißen.
Margrave of Meissen
Reign 1349-1381
Successor Friedrich der Streitbare, Wilhelm der Reiche & Georg
Landgrave of Thuringia
Reign 1349-1381
Predecessor Frederick I
Successor Balthasar
Spouse Catherine of Henneberg
Issue Friedrich
Friedrich der Streitbare
Wilhelm der Reiche
Georg
Full name
Frederick the Strict
House House of Wettin
Father Frederick the Serious
Mother Mathilde of Bavaria
Born (1332-12-14)14 December 1332
Dresden, Duchy of Saxe-Wittenberg, Holy Roman Empire
Died 21 May 1381(1381-05-21) (aged 48)
Altenburg, Electorate of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire

Frederick III, the Strict (14 December 1332, Dresden – 21 May 1381, Altenburg), Landgrave of Thuringia and Margrave of Meissen, was the son of Frederick II, Margrave of Meissen and Mathilde of Bavaria.

He took over the government for his brothers William, Balthasar and Ludwig (Bishop of Bamberg) after the death of their father in 1349. One year later the Emperor gave the Margraviate of Meissen to the four brothers jointly. In 1368 common government began, afterwards the brothers changed rulership every two years. In 1379 they divided their possessions. After Frederick III's death, Meissen was divided between his three sons and Thuringia was inherited by his brothers; it later passed to his nephew Frederick IV, Landgrave of Thuringia, son of his brother Balthasar, and was ultimately inherited by Frederick the Strict's grandson, Frederick II, Elector of Saxony.

Family[edit]

Frederick was married to Catherine of Henneberg, heiress of Coburg, Neustadt, Sonneberg, Neuhaus, Rodach, etc. (died Coburg 15 July 1397), daughter of Count Heinrich IV of Henneberg. They had four sons:

  1. Frederick (d. young 1350)
  2. Friedrich der Streitbare (11 April 1370 – 4 January 1428)
  3. Wilhelm der Reiche (23 April 1371 – 30 March 1425)
  4. Georg (1380 – 9 December 1401)

Ancestry[edit]

See also[edit]

Frederick III, Landgrave of Thuringia
Born: 14 December 1332 Died: 21 May 1381
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Friedrick II
Landgrave of Thuringia
with Wilhelm I & Balthasar

1349–1381
Succeeded by
Balthasar
Preceded by
Friedrick II
Markgraf of Meissen
with Wilhelm I & Balthasar

1349–1381
Succeeded by
Friedrich der Streitbare
Wilhelm der Reiche
Georg