Frederick Philip Lenz, III, Ph.D., also known as Rama and Atmananda (February 9, 1950 in San Diego, California – April 12, 1998), was a spiritual teacher (or cult leader) who taught what he termed American Buddhism, including the teachings of Tibetan Buddhism, Zen, Vedanta, and Mysticism. Lenz was also an author, software designer, businessman, and record producer.
Childhood and adolescence
Lenz was born February 9, 1950, at Mercy Hospital in San Diego, California. At the age of three, he and his family moved to Stamford, Connecticut. He spent the rest of his childhood and teenage years there, attending schools in the Stamford area.
Lenz's father, Frederick Lenz Jr., worked as a marketing executive and later went on to become the Mayor of Stamford from 1973-1975. His mother, Dorothy Lenz, was a housewife and a student of astrology. His mother and father divorced when he was seven years old, his father remarried six years later. His mother died later on when he was sixteen years old. Lenz spent his childhood living alternately with his father, aunt and uncle, and grandparents.
After high school he spent a short period of incarceration in a work camp near San Diego on a drug conviction.
Lenz graduated from Rippowam High School in 1967. He later attended the University of Connecticut, where he majored in English and minored in Philosophy. He was inducted as a member of the Phi Beta Kappa honor society and graduated Magna Cum Laude.
After college, he won a competitive State of New York Graduate Council Fellowship enabling him to continue his studies. He earned a Master of Arts and a Doctor of Philosophy from State University of New York at Stony Brook. His doctoral dissertation was on "The Evolution of Matter and Spirit in the Poetry of Theodore Roethke".
Lenz's work, including his teaching and projects, focused on modern spiritual enlightenment through the application of Eastern religious principles. The main themes of his teaching included the practice of meditation, living and working in the world, and the enlightenment of women.
Lenz instructed students on methods for living more productive, fulfilled lives. He was an advocate of computer science and other mentally challenging professions as a means of achieving mental clarity.
Lenz wrote he first went into samadhi, or a state of spiritual absorption, at the age of 19. In his books Surfing the Himalayas and Snowboarding to Nirvana he claimed that traveling heightened his experiences in meditation.
Beginning in 1972, he became a follower of Hindu guru Sri Chinmoy, who gave him the name "Atmananda" meaning "one who Bliss is in the Self." In 1981, after moving back to San Diego, he broke with Chinmoy and founded his own teaching center called Lakshmi.
Zoe Nicholson, author of “The Passionate Heart,” wrote: "Self-discovery is the essential core of all of Rama’s teaching… The principle is simple; that inside of each woman and man is the Self, Nirvana, Eternity. It has been covered with layers of conditioning, lifetimes of tendencies and fear of the unknown. Through the practice of Self Discovery all these layers are peeled back eventually revealing one’s true nature: perfect pure light."
Lenz is quoted as saying, "It's necessary for you to have a strong base...the economic independence to live a life of beauty and meditative seclusion. The strength and freedom to live a life of oneness." and that, "A great deal of the teaching that I do is about money." He taught that having money was one way to help others. Throughout his 27 years as a teacher, he offered thousands of free public meditations where he introduced numerous people to meditation, some of whom became students.
At the end of 1982, he adopted the teaching name of “ Rama,” stating that he was not the historical Rama but rather represented a warrior quality implied in that name. In 1986 and 1987 he called himself "Zen Master Rama" ("Rama" is the name of an incarnation of the Hindu god Vishnu). He claimed to remember all of his previous reincarnations, including his life as a high priest at the Temple of Light in Atlantis, and as a teacher and leader in ancient Egypt, India, Japan, and Tibet.
His students claimed to have watched him perform miracles, or siddha powers, including levitation, teleportation, disappearing, turning rooms to molten gold light, projecting light from his hands, and transforming into an old, bearded Asian man before their eyes. He often took his students on field trips to the deserts of Southern California and to Disneyland where a number of these events were witnessed.
The following quotes are taken from public talks he gave in the 80s and 90s:
- "Enlightenment is a timeless void. It’s an emptiness that’s filled with the most excellent light. That light is suffused through every part of your being. It is your being. There’s no sense of separation between yourself and the light. There’s no self but the light. That’s enlightenment – timeless, stillness, perfection".
- "Only a pure heart, a completely pure heart can house eternity. Your heart has to be absolutely pure. You can only want that which is absolutely good. You have to live in goodness all the time, and nothing else can matter. There can be no thought of self, no apartheid in the inner world. No discrimination. It’s only with that absolute humility and purity that you can make friends with God because otherwise you’re just too busy with all your desires".
- "What is self? What lies beyond self? Self is the perception of perception. Beyond self there’s no perception of perception. That’s the riddle. The only way to answer the riddle is to go beyond perception and, of course, then there’s no answer because there’s no perception, there’s only silence".
- "In meditation, in selfless giving, in anything that lends nobility to the soul, we rise beyond the limitations of our self-created illusions and we become perfectly what we are".
- Career success is using daily work—schoolwork, work in the world, work at home, doing the laundry, all physical tasks, cleaning the car, any kind of work, and specifically career itself—as a way of advancing one's mental state.
- Women exemplify, from a spiritual point of view, power. The power of the kundalini energy, the energy of life, flows through them in a very different way than it does through a man, innately. In a fallen world, in a world of fear and darkness, men have reacted very negatively to the power that is inherent in women. Rather than realizing that that power is also indigenous to themselves, that they have the same power, only it manifests in other ways, men have rejected that power and sought to convince women of the exact opposite, that they are powerless. They have done this through sexual repression, economic repression, political repression, social repression, ideological repression and spiritual repression.
Claimed previous incarnations
- Zen Master, Kyoto, Japan 1531-1575
- Head of Zen Order, Kyoto, Japan 1602-1671
- Master of Monastery, Tibet 1725-1804
- Jnana Yoga Master, India 1834-1905
- Tibetan Lama, Head of Monastic Order, Tibet 1912-1945
Lenz was the producer for the rock band, Zazen. Zazen produced 21 albums in 13 years. The group also released several music videos. Although some of Zazen's albums were simply intended to be fun, new-age music, a number of their albums, such as Enlightenment, Canyons of Light, Cayman Blue, Samurai, and Samadhi, were specifically for meditation.
The band's name is taken from the Zen Buddhism term Zazen, literally, "seated meditation."
Criticisms and controversy
Rama received criticism from the anti-cult movement. Various accounts of Lenz portray him as a sociopath, as well as a charismatic leader who tried to teach balance and compassion but found it difficult to maintain his own balance and compassion, indulging in illegal drugs and committing suicide in 1998.
Donald Cole, 23, committed suicide in 1984 because he was disappointed at his progress in the program. He left a note that read, "Bye, Rama, see you next time." 
Mark Laxer, a student of Lenz from 1981 to 1984, published a book in 1993 about his time with him called Take Me For A Ride; Coming Of Age In A Destructive Cult.
Several of Lenz's students became involved with several cult watchdog groups, including the CAN (Cult Awareness Network) and deprogrammers (in particular, Joe Szimhart, who is accused of kidnapping and imprisoning Lenz' student Karen Lever).
Of the thousands of people who attended Lenz's lectures over the years, there were some that did not speak highly of his approach to teaching as it evolved over the years.
Death and his estate
Lenz died on April 12, 1998. He drowned at his estate on Conscience Bay in Old Field, New York after taking a massive drug overdose. Reports differ on whether Lenz took phenobarbital or 80–150 Valium tablets. With him at the time of his death was follower Brinn Lacey. According to Psychology Today, police found his body dressed in a suit and tie, with a dog collar around his neck.
He left an $18 million estate, including two homes and two Range Rovers. His will was a matter of dispute between the National Audubon Society and his former attorney Norman Oberstein who helped Dr. Lenz plan his estate with a separately retained estate planning attorney. Norm Marcus, Dr. Lenz’ accountant, was named as executor and carried out the will's instructions. As executor, and authorized to act, Norm Marcus and Norman Oberstein created the Frederick P. Lenz Foundation for American Buddhism in 1998. This act fulfilled provisions of the will necessary for Marcus to retain control of the Lenz fortune that formed the basis of the funding for the Lenz foundation. According the New York Times, the will was contested by Diana Jean Reynolds, who claimed to be Lenz's widow, and Deborah Lenz, whose claim to be Lenz' widow is based on her view that they had a common law marriage.
His estate was settled in 2002. The Frederick P. Lenz Foundation for American Buddhism shows substantial grant making activity (over $5 million to date) to approximately 60 American Buddhist organizations from 2003 onwards, as well as a substantial donation to the National Audubon Society. As part of the settlement with Audubon, a gorge was named for Lenz at the Sharon Audubon Center in northwest Connecticut.
An Advisory Committee chaired by L. Lewinson and including former students Elizabeth Cecil, Walter Goodwin, and B.A. Smith, as well as four Buddhist practitioners — George (Dai En) Burch, Fleet Maull, Dennis Genpo Merzel, and James Shaheen — advises the Board of Directors but has no voting rights of its own.
Frederick Lenz published eight books between 1981 and 1997.
- Lifetimes - True Accounts of Reincarnation - 1979, Fawcett Crest, New York, NY (ISBN 0-449-24337-0)
- Total Relaxation - The Complete Program for Overcoming Stress, Tension, Worry, and Fatigue - 1980, The Bobbs-Merrill Company, Indianapolis, IN (ISBN 0-672-52594-1)
- Meditation - The Bridge is Flowing but The River is Not - 1981 Lakshmi Publications, Malibu, CA, Revised 1983 (ISBN 0-941868-00-1)
- The Wheel of Dharma - 1982 Lakshmi Publications, Malibu, CA (ISBN 0-941868-01-X)
- The Last Incarnation - 1983 Lakshmi Publications, Malibu, CA (ISBN 0-941868-02-8)
- Insights - Tantric Buddhist Reflections on Life - 1994 Interglobal Seminars, New York, NY (0-9642196-7-0)
- Surfing the Himalayas - 1995 St. Martin's Press, New York, NY (ISBN 0-312-14147-5)
- Snowboarding to Nirvana - 1997 St. Martin's Press, New York, NY (ISBN 0-312-15293-0)
From 1982 to 1992, Lenz created over 120 audio recordings. The topics of the talks covered a wide range of titles, including: Meditation, Tantric Buddhism, Career Success, Women and Enlightenment, and Psychic Development.
These talks were recorded as nine audio sets, six of which were also published in book form:
- Lakshmi Series 1982, 30 Talks (ISBN 1932206116)
- Insights - Talks on the Nature of Existence 1983, 13 Talks (ISBN 1932206078)
- On the Road with Rama 1985, 7 Talks (ISBN 1932206051)
- Zen Tapes 1986, 18 Talks (ISBN 1932206035)
- Tantric Buddhism 1989, 27 Talks (ISBN 1932206094)
- The Enlightenment Cycle 1992, 12 Talks (ISBN 1932206019)
- Insights: Talks on the Nature of Existence, p. 299
- [dead link]
- Gerald Renner (October 18, 1992). "Furu Mixes Money, Mystique". The Hartford Courant. Retrieved April 9, 2013.
- David Diamond (September 1999). "Street Brawl in the Twilight Zone". Wired Magazine. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
- Insights: Talks on the Nature of Existence, p 299
- Frederick Lenz Dissertation
- Pat Flynn (12 November 1995). "Controversial sect leader pays brief visit to his old hometown". San Diego Union-Tribune.
- Dr. Frederick Lenz. "Why Don't More Women Attain Enlightenment". Narkive Newsgroup Archive. Retrieved April 9, 2013.
- Ruth L. McKinnie (14 April 1998). "Frederick Lenz , 48 led controversial sect". San Diego Union-Tribune.
- The Associated Press (16 April 1998). "F.P. LENZ III, 48, SELF-STYLED GURU". Sun-Sentinel.
- "Take Me For A Ride by Mark E. Laxer - Free eBook". Manybooks.net. 2009-01-17. Retrieved 2011-01-26.
- The Frederick P Lenz Foundation for American Buddhism
- The Books, Album, Interview
- Lenz as Author
- Book Reviews
- Chronology/Biography, Frederick Lenz
- John Gallagher. "Diving to Conscience Bay". Psychology Today. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- Ann Nicholson, Zoe (2003). The Passionate Heart. Lune Soleil Press. ISBN 0972392823.
- On the Road With Rama
- Report on the "Rama" Computer Cult
-  ("Zen", "On the Road", "Tantric Buddhism")
- Don Lattin (30 July 1992). "Yuppie Guru Finds Cash in Computers". The San Francisco Chronicle.
- AP (19 June 1998). "Death of self-styled guru ruled a suicide". AP Online. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
- "Clarification". The Washington Post. 21 June 1998. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
- "The Last Incarnation: Experiences with Rama in California". Lakshmi Publications. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
- Lenz, Rama – Dr. Frederick: “Tantric Buddhism”, page 87. The Frederick P. Lenz Foundation for American Buddhism, 2003.
- Lenz, Rama – Dr. Frederick: “Insights: Talks on the Nature of Existence”, page 127. The Frederick P. Lenz Foundation for American Buddhism, 2003.
- Lenz, Rama – Dr. Frederick: “Tantric Buddhism”, page 355. The Frederick P. Lenz Foundation for American Buddhism, 2003.
- Lenz, Rama – Dr. Frederick: “Insights: Talks on the Nature of Existence”, page 283. The Frederick P. Lenz Foundation for American Buddhism, 2003.
- Music - Road Trip Mind by Uncle Tantra
- Zazen Music Video: What is Dancing?
- (Source: "Who Is This Rama? The master of Zen and the Art of Publicity is now having some very serious problems," Newsweek February 1, 1988)
- "Take Me for a Ride: coming of age in a destructive cult". Project Gutenberg. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
- CESNUR - Appendix A - Sampler of Deprogramming Cases
- Laxer, Mark Eliot. Take Me for a Ride: Coming of Age in a Destructive Cult at Project Gutenberg
- Rediff On The NeT: The guru, $18 million, and the bird people
- West, Debra. "2 Claims Complicate Tussle Over New Age Guru's Estate" in The New York Times, June 13, 1999.
- Marx, R. J. "Audubon may be heir to guru's Bedford estate", Bedford Record-Review, March 12, 1999.
- Noonan, David. "$18M Battle of Wills: The guru & the bird people", New York Daily News, April 11, 1999.
- "Rama - Buddhism - FAQs". Frederick Lenz Foundation. Retrieved 2011-01-26.
- http://www.fredericklenzfoundation.org/ The Frederick P Lenz Foundation for American Buddhism