Frederick Stopford

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Sir Frederick Stopford
Born 2 February 1854
Died 4 May 1929 (aged 75)
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service 1871 - 1920
Rank Lieutenant-General
Commands held London District
IX Corps
Battles/wars Anglo-Egyptian War
Mahdist War
Fourth Anglo-Ashanti War
Second Boer War
World War I
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order

Lieutenant General Sir Frederick William Stopford, KCB, KCMG, KCVO (2 February 1854 – 4 May 1929) was a British Army officer, best remembered for commanding the Suvla Bay Landing in August 1915 during the Battle of Gallipoli.

Military career[edit]

He was a younger son of James Stopford, 4th Earl of Courtown, and his second wife Dora Pennefather. Stopford was commissioned into the Grenadier Guards in 1871.[1] He was appointed Aide-de-Camp to Sir John Adye, Chief of Staff for the Egyptian Expeditionary Force and took part in the Battle of Tel el-Kebir in 1882.[1] He went on to be Aide de camp to Major General Arthur Fremantle, Commander of the Suakin Expedition in 1885.[1] He was then made Brigade Major for the Brigade of Guards which had been posted to Egypt.[1]

He returned to England to be Brigade Major of 2nd Infantry Brigade at Aldershot in 1886.[1] He became Deputy Assistant Adjutant General at Horseguards in 1892 and Deputy Assistant Adjutant General at Aldershot in 1894.[1] He took part in the Fourth Anglo-Ashanti War in 1895 and became Assistant Adjutant General at Horseguards in 1897.[1]

He took part in the Second Boer War as Military Secretary to General Sir Redvers Buller and later Military Secretary to the General Officer Commanding Natal,[1] for which he was knighted and appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG) in November 1900.[2]

He was made Deputy Adjutant General at Aldershot in 1901 and Chief Staff Officer for 1st Army Corps in 1902 before becoming Director of Military Training at Horseguards in 1904.[1] He was Major-General commanding the Brigade of Guards and General Officer Commanding London District from 1906.[1]

He took part in World War I and, as General Officer Commanding IX Corps, was blamed for the failure to attack following the Suvla Bay Landing in August 1915 during the Battle of Gallipoli; however, responsibility ultimately lay with Secretary of State for War Lord Kitchener, who had appointed the elderly and inexperienced general to an active corps command, and with Sir Ian Hamilton, who had accepted Stopford's appointment. Stopford had chosen to command the landing from the sloop HMS Jonquil, anchored offshore, but slept as the landing was in progress.[3] He was quickly replaced by General Byng. He retired in 1920.[1]

References[edit]

Court offices
Preceded by
Henry Loftus
Page of Honour
1866–1870
Succeeded by
Arthur Hardinge
Military offices
Preceded by
New Post
GOC London District
1906–1909
Succeeded by
Sir Alfred Codrington
Preceded by
New Post
GOC IX Corps
August 1915
Succeeded by
Julian Byng