Frederick W. A. G. Haultain

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For his father, the Canada West politician, see Frederick W. Haultain.
Frederick W. A. G. Haultain
FrederickWAGHaultain.png
1st Premier of the Northwest Territories
In office
October 7, 1897 – September 1, 1905
Monarch Victoria
Edward VII
Lieutenant Governor Charles H. Mackintosh
Malcolm Colin Cameron
Amédée E. Forget
Preceded by office created
Succeeded by George Braden
Member of the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories
In office
September 5, 1887 – September 1, 1905
Preceded by Richard Henry Boyle
Constituency Macleod
1st Leader of the Opposition of Saskatchewan
In office
1906–1912
Preceded by none
Succeeded by Wellington Willoughby
Chief Justice of the Saskatchewan Court of Appeal
In office
1917–1938
Personal details
Born November 25, 1857
Woolwich, England
Died January 30, 1942(1942-01-30) (aged 84)
Montreal, Quebec[1]
Resting place Memorial Gates, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon
52°7′45.7″N 106°38′34.5″W / 52.129361°N 106.642917°W / 52.129361; -106.642917Coordinates: 52°7′45.7″N 106°38′34.5″W / 52.129361°N 106.642917°W / 52.129361; -106.642917
Political party Liberal-Conservative
Spouse(s) Marion St Clair Castellain née Mackintosh
Religion Anglican
Signature

Sir Frederick William Alpin Gordon Haultain (November 25, 1857 – January 30, 1942) was a lawyer and a long serving Canadian politician and judge. His career in provincial and territorial legislatures stretched into four decades. He served as the first premier of Canada's Northwest Territories from 1897 to 1905 as is recognized as having a significant contribution towards the creation of the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. From 1905 on he served as Leader of the Official Opposition in Saskatchewan as well as Leader of the Provincial Rights Party. His legislative career ended when he was appointed to the judiciary in 1912.

Early life[edit]

He was born in Woolwich, England in 1857, the son of Frederick W. Haultain (1821–1882) and Lucinde Helen Gordon (1828–1915),[2] and came to Peterborough, Ontario with his family in 1860. He grew up in Peterborough and Montreal, later receiving a Bachelor of Arts from the University of Toronto. He went on to study law at Osgoode Hall and was called to the bar in Ontario in 1882 and in the North-West Territories in 1884.

Northwest Territories politics[edit]

Haultain was first elected to the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories in a by-election held on September 5, 1887. He defeated Charles Conybeare by a large margin. Haultain would win his next five elections by acclamation.

Haultain was appointed the first Premier of the territories on October 7, 1897.

Premier[edit]

As premier, Haultain led negotiations for the granting of provincial status. Haultain argued for these territories to be admitted as a single province named Buffalo, and wanted the new province to be governed by non-partisan governments. The federal Liberal government of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, however, fearful of a large conservative province in the west, decided to create two provinces, Alberta and Saskatchewan, in 1905.

Haultain in 1941.

Frustrated in negotiations with the federal Liberal government, Haultain became increasingly identified with the Conservative Party and campaigned for it in the 1904 federal election. Laurier's Liberals were re-elected, and when the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan were formed, the Liberal government passed over Haultain and appointed loyal Liberals to form those provinces' first governments.

Saskatchewan politics[edit]

Haultain led the Provincial Rights Party in the 1905 Saskatchewan provincial election, which was won by the Liberal Party of Saskatchewan. From 1905 to 1912, Haultain sat in the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan as leader of the Opposition.

Late life[edit]

In 1912, the newly elected Conservative federal government of Sir Robert Borden made Haultain Chief Justice of Saskatchewan's superior court. He was knighted in 1916, and in 1917 was made Chief Justice of the Saskatchewan Court of Appeal, a position he held until his retirement in 1938.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Perry, Craig 2006, pg. 184
  2. ^ Perry, Craig 2006, pg. 161

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan
Preceded by
New District
MLA South Qu'Appelle
1905-1912
Succeeded by
Joseph Glenn
Legal offices
Preceded by
Edward Ludlow Wetmore
Chief Justice of Saskatchewan
1912-1938
Succeeded by
William Ferdinand Alphonse Turgeon
Academic offices
Preceded by
Edward L. Wetmore
Chancellor of the University of Saskatchewan
1917–1940
Succeeded by
P. E. MacKenzie