Frederick Walton (engineer)

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Frederick Thomas Granville Walton CIE, M. Inst C.E., Telford Medal, was a notable British railway engineer in India. He specialised in bridge construction. He was commonly known by his middle name Granville, and was often referred to as Mr F.T.G. Walton. Walton was born in September 1840 in Hampton, Middlesex, England to William Walton (1795–1889) of Reading, Berkshire and Elizabeth Louisa Plunkett (1801–1866) originally of Dalston, Cumberland.[1]

Career[edit]

Malviya Bridge
Dufferin Bridge (1887), now known as the Malviya Bridge

Walton studied under Richard Johnson, chief civil engineer of the Great Northern Railways. He then began working at Cheshire Railways as an Assistant Engineer in railway construction in 1860 until 1868. Walton then moved to India and worked for the Oudh and Rohilkhand Railway Company (O&R Railway) between 1868 and 1888. During this time he was initially in charge of the construction of the Ramganga River Bridge and Lines.[2]

Havelock Bridge (1900) on left, now known as the Old Godavari Bridge

Between 1881 and 1887, Walton was in charge of the construction of the Dufferin Bridge over the Ganges at Benares. The bridge carries rail track on the lower deck and road on the upper deck. The Dufferin Bridge is one of the major bridges on the Ganges and carries the Grand Trunk Road across the river. It has 7 spans of 350 ft and 9 spans of 110 ft long and it was the first bridge of its type constructed in the Indian sub-continent by the engineers of Oudh and Rohilkhand Railway (O&R Railway). The total length of the Dufferin Bridge is 1048.5 metres.[3] It was renamed the Malviya Bridge in 1948.

In 1886, Walton was elected as a member of the Institution of Civil Engineers. Between 1889 and 1896, Walton was engineer-in-chief of Oudh and Rohilkhand Railway Company. [2]

Between 1896 and 1900, Walton was the engineer-in-chief for the construction of the Havelock Bridge over the Godavari River, at Rajahmundry. This bridge of stone masonry piers and steel girders was one of the longest bridges in India at the time of construction, with the bridge consisting of 56 main spans of 150 feet each and a total length of 2950 metres.[3] Since 1948, this bridge has become known as the Old Godavari Bridge.

Walton was also responsible for the construction of significant bridges at the following locations:— Wainganga, Bareilly, Moradabad, and Kosi Rampur.[2]

Walton's bridge-building activities caught the attention of the famous author Rudyard Kipling, who it is believed used him as one of the inspirations for his character "Findlayson" in his well-known story, The Bridge-Builders. It is believed Kipling stayed with Walton during a visit to India when Walton was working on the Dufferin bridge.[4]

The name of the bridge featured in The Bridge Builders is the Kashi Bridge. Kashi is another name for the city of Benares, the actual location of Walton's Dufferin Bridge. Just like the Kashi bridge of the story, the Dufferin Bridge's opening ceremony was also delayed due to a major flood[5] adding further weight to the theory this was the bridge the story was based on.

Personal life[edit]

In 1877, Walton married Charlotte Eliza Roney, second daughter of Sir Cusack Roney, well-known author and secretary of the Eastern Counties Railway, and a director of the Grand Trunk Railway Company of Canada and the London, Chatham and Dover Railway. [6]

They had two sons, Colonel Sir Cusack Walton DSO, RE(1878–1949) and Lieutenant Colonel Granville Walton O.B.E., JP, DL, RE (1888–1974), a leading member of The Boy Scouts Association.[1]

Walton was the uncle of William Beckett, another prominent Indian bridge and railway engineer.[7] Beckett was greatly influenced in his career choice by his highly acclaimed uncle, for whom he had great respect.

Walton was an inaugural member of the management committee of the British Empire Club in London alongside fellow members; The Earl of Derby (Chairman), Lord Ampthill, Lord Brassey, Lord Rothschild, Sir John Cockburn and Sir Felix Schuster. [8]

Walton died aged 85 years old in 1925, leaving behind a legacy of many impressive railway bridges crossing some of the great rivers of India.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.gritquoy.com/genealogy/getperson.php?personID=I18158&tree=001Master
  2. ^ a b c "The Indian Biographical Dictionary (1915)/Walton, Frederick Thomas Granville - Wikisource, the free online library". Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Bridges: The Spectacular Feat of Indian Engineering By R.R.Bhandari
  4. ^ "The Bridge-Builders". Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  5. ^ "The Bridge-Builders". Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  6. ^ British Businessmen and Canadian Confederation: Constitution Making in an era of anglo globalization, Andrew Smith, 2008, McGill, Queens University Press, London
  7. ^ http://www.gritquoy.com/genealogy/getperson.php?personID=I18174&tree=001Master
  8. ^ "Papers Past — Wairarapa Daily Times — 3 July 1906 — BRITISH EMPIRE CLUB.". Wairarapa Daily Times. Retrieved 9 September 2014.