Frederick William, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

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Frederick William
1819 Friedrich Wilhelm.JPG
Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Reign 6 September 1860 – 30 May 1904
Predecessor George
Successor Adolf Friedrich V
Consort Princess Augusta of Cambridge
Issue Adolf Friedrich V, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Full name
Friedrich Wilhelm Karl Georg Ernst Adolf Gustav
House House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Father George, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg
Mother Princess Marie of Hesse-Cassel
Born (1819-10-17)17 October 1819
Neustrelitz
Died 30 May 1904(1904-05-30) (aged 84)
Neustrelitz
Religion Lutheranism

Frederick William, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg, KG (17 October 1819 – 30 May 1904) was a German sovereign who ruled over the state of Mecklenburg-Strelitz from 1860 until his death.

Biography[edit]

He was born in Neustrelitz, the son of Grand Duke Georg of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and Princess Marie of Hesse-Kassel. He spent his youth in Neustrelitz and later went to study history and jurisprudence in Bonn. After finishing his studies, he went travelling to Italy and Switzerland. He became a Doctor of Civil Law of the University of Oxford.

Friedrich Wilhelm succeeded as Grand Duke on the death of his father on 6 September 1860. During his reign, Mecklenburg-Strelitz became a member first of the North German Confederation and then the German Empire. Friedrich Wilhelm was a large land owner with more than half of the entire grand duchy his personal property.[1]

On 12 August 1862 Friedrich Wilhelm was made a Knight of the Order of the Garter by Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.[2]

He died at Neustrelitz on the 30 May 1904 and was succeeded by his only son, who became Adolf Friedrich V.

Marriage and children[edit]

Friedrich Wilhelm was married on 28 June 1843 at Buckingham Palace to his first cousin, Princess Augusta of Cambridge, a member of the British Royal Family and a granddaughter of King George III. The two were also second cousins on their fathers' side. They had two sons:[3]

  • Friedrich Wilhelm, Hereditary Prince of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (born and died in London, 13 January 1845).
  • Duke Adolf Friedrich of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1848–1914); succeeded his father as Adolf Friedrich V, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

Friedrich Wilhelm and his wife Augusta celebrated their diamond wedding anniversary by distributing 25 Pfennig from the public treasury to every citizen of the grand duchy.[4]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 17 October 1819 – 6 September 1860: His Royal Highness The Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  • 6 September 1860 – 30 May 1904: His Royal Highness The Grand Duke of Mecklenburg

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wealthiest Grand Duke dead" (PDF). New York Times. 1904-05-31. Retrieved 2007-10-23. 
  2. ^ "The Gentleman's Magazine". F. Jefferies. 1862. p. 350. 
  3. ^ Online Gotha
  4. ^ "Six Cents to Every Subject.". New York Times. 1903-07-05. Retrieved 2007-11-08. 
Frederick William, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Cadet branch of the House of Mecklenburg
Born: 17 October 1819 Died: 30 May 1904
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Georg
Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
1860–1904
Succeeded by
Adolf Friedrich V