Friedrich Wilhelm, Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen

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Friedrich Wilhelm, Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen
Friedrich Wilhelm, Fùrst von Hohenzollern-Hechingen (1663-1735).jpg
Friedrich Wilhelm, Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen
Spouse(s) Maria Leopoldina of Sinzendorf
Maximiliane Magdalena of Lützau
Noble family House of Hohenzollern
Father Philipp, Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen
Mother Marie Sidonie of Baden-Rodemachern
Born (1663-09-20)20 September 1663
Hechingen
Died 14 November 1735(1735-11-14) (aged 72)
Hechingen

Friedrich Wilhelm of Hohenzollern-Hechingen (20 September 1663 in Hechingen – 14 November 1735 in Hechingen) was the fourth Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen and was also an imperial Field Marshal.

Life[edit]

Friedrich Wilhelm was the eldest son of Prince Philipp of Hohenzollern-Hechingen (1616–1671) from his marriage to Marie Sidonie (1635–1686), the daughter of Margrave Herman Fortunatus of Baden-Rodemachern. He was still a minor when he succeeded his father as Prince or a minor, so his mother took up the regency. Friedrich Wilhelm was sent to Baden, where he was further educated. He later completed his military training in Vienna. By the end of 1681, he took up the government of Hohenzollern-Hechingen himself.

In the imperial army, Friedrich Wilhelm was Field Marshal and the owner of a regiment of cuirassiers bearing his name. In 1682, he participated in the suppression of an uprising in Hungary and in the victory in the Battle of Slankamen.

In 1702, he was taken prisoner in Friedlingen. However, he managed to free himself. Two years later, he fought on the victorious side in the battle of Blenheim. Also in 1704, he fought under Field Marshal Sigbert Heister to suppress another Hungarian uprising.

With permission from the Emperor, Friedrich Wilhelm reached an agreement with the Elector of Brandenburg about the Burgraviate of Nuremberg and became one of the first recipients of the Prussian Order of the Black Eagle.

Marriages and offspring[edit]

Friedrich Wilhelm has been married twice. He first married on 22 January 1687 in Vienna to Maria Leopoldina (1666–1709), the daughter of Count Georg Ludwig of Sinzendorf. With her, he had the following children:

  • Friedrich Ludwig (1688–1750), Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen
  • Ludwige Ernstine Friederike (1690–1720), married in 1713 Prince Franz Anton of Lamberg (1678–1759)
  • Charlotte (1692–1692)
  • Christine Eberhardine Friederike (1695–1754), abbess of Munsterbilzen Abbey
  • Sophie Johanna Frederika (1698–1754), abbess of Munsterbilzen Abbey
  • Friedrich Karl (1697–1697)

He married his second wife on 7 September 1710 in Hechingen. She was Baroness Maximiliane Magdalena of Lützau (1690–1755). Emperor Karl VI had elevated her to "Countess of Homburg" and this marriage was not considered morganatic. This marriage produced two children:

  • Herman Eberhard Friedrich (1711–1726), Count of Hohenzollern
  • Maria Maximiliana (1713–1743), married in 1741 to Count Innocent Künigl of Ehrenburg (1714–1764)

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  • E. G. Johler: Geschichte, Land- und Ortskunde der souverainen teutschen Fürstenthümer Hohenzollern, Hechingen und Sigmaringen, 1824, p. 56 ff, Online)
  • Gustav Schilling: Geschichte des Hauses Hohenzollern, in genealogisch fortlaufenden Biographien aller seiner Regenten von den ältesten bis auf die neuesten Zeiten, nach Urkunden und andern authentischen Quellen, F. Fleischer, 1843, p. 238 ff
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.
Friedrich Wilhelm, Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen
Born: 20 September 1663 Died: 14 November 1735
Preceded by
Philipp
Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen
1671–1735
Succeeded by
Friedrich Ludwig