Frederiksberg

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Frederiksberg
Frederiksberg Palace seen from the park
Frederiksberg Palace seen from the park
Official seal of Frederiksberg
Seal
Map DK Frederiksberg.PNG
Coordinates: 55°40′N 12°32′E / 55.667°N 12.533°E / 55.667; 12.533
Country Denmark
Region Capital (Hovedstaden)
Municipality Frederiksberg
Government
 • Mayor Jørgen Glenthøj
Area(co-extensive with its municipality)
 • Total 8.7 km2 (3.4 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total 102,717
 • Density 11,587/km2 (30,010/sq mi)
Time zone Central Europe Time (UTC+1)
Website www.frederiksberg.dk

Frederiksberg is de facto a district of the Danish capital Copenhagen, but it is formally a separate town (the Frederiksberg Municipality) in Denmark's Capital City Region (Region Hovedstaden). It occupies an area of less than 9 km2 and had a population of 102,717 in 2014.[1] Frederiksberg is an enclave surrounded by the city of Copenhagen. There is no visible border between Frederiksberg and the other districts of Copenhagen, and the town is informally considered to be a part of Copenhagen. For instance, the Copenhagen Zoo as well as several stations of the Copenhagen Metro (the stations Forum, Frederiksberg, Fasanvej, Lindevang, and Flintholm) are located in Frederiksberg. The Copenhagen S-train system also has several stations in Frederiksberg, including Peter Bangs Vej station and Flintholm station.

History[edit]

Bombardment of 1807. Amager and the Øresund in the background, Frederiksberg Palace in the foreground to the right with soldiers with cannons
Julius Thomsens Square with St. Mark's Church in the background

Frederiksberg's original name was Tulehøj (= Thyle-hill),[2] indicating that a thul (= thyle) lived there, the reciter of eldritch times. The term is known from the Snoldelev rune stone.[3] In Beowulf, Unferth holds the same title. In Håvamål, Odin himself is referred to as "the old thul".[4] Thula translates as "song", like in the Rigsthula poem from the Edda. By 1443 the name Tulehøj was spelled Tulleshøy. It was regarded as Copenhagen's border to the west.[5] People lived here since the Bronze Age.

The history of Frederiksberg goes back to June 2, 1651 when King Frederik III gave 20 Danish—Dutch peasants the rights to settle at Allégade (= allé = tree-lined street, gade = street), and founded the town then named "Ny Amager" (= New Amager) or "Ny Hollænderby" (= New Dutchman-town). Farming was not very successful, and in 1697 most of the town burned down. This meant that the peasants were unable to pay taxes, and the land reverted to the crown by Frederik III's son Christian V.

In 1700-1703, King Frederik IV built a palace on top of the hill known as Valby Bakke (bakke = hill). He named the palace Frederichs Berg, and the rebuilt town at the foot of the hill consequently changed its name to Frederiksberg. A number of the local houses were bought by wealthy citizens of Copenhagen who did not farm the land, but rather used the properties as country houses.

The town changed slowly from a farming community to a merchant town, with craftsmen and merchants. During the summer rooms were offered for rent, and restaurants served food to the people of Copenhagen who had left the cramped city for the open land, and to be near the royals.

Initially the town grew slowly with population growing from 1,000 in 1770, to 1,200 in 1800, and to 3,000 in 1850.

In 1852 Parliament removed restrictions which prohibited permanent construction outside Copenhagen's city walls. Almost immediately numerous residential areas were constructed, starting in the eastern part near Copenhagen, and ending in the western part farthest away from Copenhagen in 1950. This led to rapid population growth; in 1900 the population reached 80,000, and in 1950 the city peaked with a population of 120,000.

Today the city consists almost entirely of 3- to 5-story residential houses, large single-family homes, and large parks; only a few small areas with light industry remain. On aerial pictures Frederiksberg stands out from the surrounding city of Copenhagen as a green area with few large roads. It is considered to be one of Copenhagen's more prestigious areas to live in.

Geography[edit]

Frederiksberg Park
Frederiksberg Avenue

Frederiksberg, which lies west of central Copenhagen, is completely surrounded by boroughs forming part of the city of Copenhagen – the result of an expansion of the Copenhagen city boundary in 1901 which nevertheless did not include the town in the list of municipalities to be incorporated in the enlarged area. Frederiksberg is thus effectively a municipal island within the country's capital – a unique phenomenon in present-day Europe. Other than administratively, however, it is largely indistinguishable in character from the districts of Copenhagen city which surround it.

The town has several stations on the Copenhagen Metro system, and is home to the tallest residential structure in Denmark and the second tallest residential building in Scandinavia: the 102-metre high Domus Vista.

Culture[edit]

The Danmark Rundt cycling race traditionally finishes on Fredericksberg Alle, often in a sprint finish.

Education[edit]

Frederiksberg houses the University of Copenhagen Faculty of Life Sciences, Copenhagen Business School, 9 public schools (run by the municipality), 3 private schools, 1 technical college, and more.

Shopping[edit]

The 3 streets Gammel Kongevej, Godthåbsvej, and Falkoner Alle are the busiest shopping streets. The town also houses the Frederiksberg Centret shopping mall.

Main sights[edit]

Demography[edit]

Population of Frederiksberg (from 1769):

Date Population
15.1.1769 1,030
1.7.1787 1,143
1.2.1801 1,172
1.2.1840 2,304
1.2.1850 2,874
1.2.1860 8,164
1.2.1870 16,878
1.2.1880 26,510
1.2.1890 46,954
1.2.1901 76,231
1.2.1911 97,237
1.2.1921 104,815
Date Population
5.11.1930 106,251
5.11.1940 113,208
7.11.1950 118,993
26.9.1960 114,285
9.11.1970 101,874
1979 88,835
1980 88,287
1981 88,167
1982 88,047
1983 88,409
1984 88,114
1985 88,030
Date Population
1986 87,616
1987 86,558
1988 85,814
1989 85,327
1990 85,611
1991 85,817
1992 86,372
1993 87,173
1994 87,466
1995 88,002
1996 88,789
1997 89,230
Date Population
1998 89,507
1999 90,227
2000 90,327
2001 91,076
2002 91,322
2003 91,435
2004 91,721
2005 91,886
2006 91,855
2007 92,234
2008 93,444
2009 95,029

Transport[edit]

Metro in Frederiksberg
Cycling route

The town is served by the Frederiksberg station and the Fasanvej station, opened in 2003 on the Copenhagen Metro. It serves the M1 and M2 lines and is connected with bus services. Once completed in 2017, the station will also serve M3 (the City Circle Line) providing an interchange between it and the existing Metro lines.

The S-Train urban rail and suburban rail network can be reached through Peter Bangs Vej station, Fuglebakken station and Grøndal station.[6]

Notable residents[edit]

Twin towns[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistikbanken Table BEF44". Statistikbanken.dk. Retrieved 2010-11-14. 
  2. ^ "Gravhøien paa Dyrehavegaard". Retrieved 2010-11-15. 
  3. ^ http://runer.natmus.dk/VisGenstand.aspx/Titel/Snoldelev-sten
  4. ^ "de beste bron van informatie over normanni i. Deze website is te koop!". normannii.org. Retrieved 2010-11-14. 
  5. ^ "Rostgaard: Dend Kongelige Residents= og Stabel=Stad Kiøbenhavn". Eremit.dk. 2002-03-17. Retrieved 2010-11-14. 
  6. ^ "S-tog stationer i København, Danmark | Nelso" (in Danish). Nelso.dk. Retrieved 2010-11-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 55°40′N 12°32′E / 55.667°N 12.533°E / 55.667; 12.533