Fredrik von Otter

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Fredrik von Otter
Fredrik von Otter.jpg
8th Prime Minister of Sweden
In office
12 September 1900 – 5 July 1902
(1 year, 296 days)
Monarch Oscar II
Preceded by Erik Gustaf Boström
Succeeded by Erik Gustaf Boström
Personal details
Born (1833-04-11)11 April 1833
Fägred, Västergötland
Died 9 March 1910(1910-03-09) (aged 76)
Karlskrona, Blekinge County
Political party Independent

Fredrik Wilhelm von Otter (11 April 1833 – 9 March 1910) was a Swedish friherre, naval officer and politician, most notably serving as Prime Minister of Sweden from 1900 to 1902.

Otter was born on the Fimmersta estate (Töreboda Municipality) in Västergötland and belonged to a wealthy and aristocratic family. He entered the Royal Swedish Navy as second lieutenant at the age of 17, but remained without promotion for a long time. Meanwhile he served in the British Royal Navy 1857–1861, participating in campaigns against pirates in the South China Sea, and took part in one of Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld's North Pole expeditions in 1868, as commander of the expedition ship Sofia. He was promoted to commander and made aide-de-camp of Crown Prince Oscar, the Duke of Östergötland, in 1872 and remained so after the prince's accession to the throne as Oscar II in 1873.

In 1874 he was promoted to captain (kommendör) and appointed Minister of the Navy in the cabinet, succeeding Major General Baron Abraham Leijonhufvud. He remained in this position until the resignation of the De Geer cabinet in 1880, after which he was appointed director of the naval shipyard in Karlskrona. He was made a Commodore in 1884, a vice admiral in 1892 and admiral in 1900. He also represented Blekinge County in the parliamentary First Chamber 1891–1899, and Karlskrona in the Second Chamber 1900–1902.

After the resignation of Erik Gustaf Boström in 1900, von Otter was offered the premiership by the king and formed a cabinet which would sit for two years. As Prime Minister he was responsible for carrying through the remodelling of the military system and the final abolishment of the allotment system introduced by Charles XI more than 200 years earlier. In connection with the new military organization, a progressive taxation system was introduced. After the end of that parliamentary session in July 1902, he resigned and was succeeded by his predecessor Boström. He spent his remaining years managing his manor Trantorp outside Karlskrona.

Preceded by
Erik Gustaf Boström
Prime Minister of Sweden
1900–1902
Succeeded by
Erik Gustaf Boström

References[edit]