FreeCAD

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from FreeCAD (software))
Jump to: navigation, search
FreeCAD
FreeCAD-logo.svg
FreeCad 0.10 detail screenshot.jpg
FreeCAD 0.10
Original author(s) Juergen Riegel, Werner Mayer, Yorik van Havre
Initial release 29 October 2002 (2002-10-29)
Stable release 0.14 / 1 July 2014; 3 months ago (2014-07-01)
Written in C++, Python
Operating system Microsoft Windows, Linux, Mac OS X[1]
Type 3D Modeling, CAD
License GPL or LGPL
Website freecadweb.org

FreeCAD is a general purpose parametric 3D CAD modeler. It is free software (GPL & LGPL License). FreeCAD is aimed directly at mechanical engineering and product design but also fits in a wider range of uses around engineering, such as architecture or other engineering specialities. FreeCAD is currently in a beta stage of development.

Features[edit]

General[edit]

FreeCAD features tools similar to CATIA, Creo, Autodesk Inventor, SolidWorks or Solid Edge, and therefore also falls into the category of Mechanical computer-aided design (MCAD), PLM, CAx and CAE. It is intended to be a feature-based parametric modeler with a modular software architecture, which makes it easy to provide additional functionality without modifying the core system.

As with many modern 3D CAD modelers it will have a 2D component in order to extract design detail from the 3D model to create 2D production drawings, but direct 2D drawing (like AutoCAD LT) is not the focus, neither are animation (like Blender) or organic shapes (like Maya, 3ds Max or Cinema 4D), although, thanks to its wide adaptability, FreeCAD might become useful in a much broader area than its current focus.

FreeCAD is intended to make use of other open-source libraries from the field of Scientific Computing. Among them are Open CASCADE (a CAD kernel), Coin3D (an incarnation of Open Inventor), the Qt GUI Framework, and Python, a popular scripting language. FreeCAD itself can also be used as a library by other programs.

There are moves to take FreeCAD into the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) sector and add Building Information Modeling (BIM) functionality with the Arch Module.[2]

Supported File Formats[edit]

Besides FreeCAD's own file format, files could be exchanged by the following file formats: DXF, SVG, STEP, IGES and IFC.[3]

DWG-Support[edit]

FreeCAD's support for the important DWG file format is problematic for some time due software license compatibility problems with the GNU LibreDWG library. The GPLv3 licensed GNU LibreDWG library can't be used by FreeCAD (and LibreCAD) who has dependency on Open CASCADE which is only compatible with GPLv2,[4] as both licenses are incompatible.[5] Open CASCADE technologies were contacted by Debian team in 2009, and 2012 got a reply that Open CASCADE technologies is considering dual-licensing OCCT (the library), however they have postponed that move. A request also went to the FSF to relicense GNU LibreDWG as GPLv2 or LGPLv3, which was rejected.[6]

Starting from the 0.14 release in 2014, FreeCAD is able to import and export a limited subset of the DWG format, thanks to the free, multiplatform Teigha Converter.[7]

Gallery[edit]

Release history[edit]

Version Release date Informations
Old version, no longer supported: 0.0.1 October 29, 2002 Initial Upload --> The birth of FreeCAD
Old version, no longer supported: 0.1 January 27, 2003
Old version, no longer supported: 0.2 August 9, 2005
Old version, no longer supported: 0.3 October 31, 2005
Old version, no longer supported: 0.4 January 15, 2006
Old version, no longer supported: 0.5 October 5, 2006
Old version, no longer supported: 0.6 February 27, 2007
Old version, no longer supported: 0.7 April 24, 2009
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8 July 10, 2009
Old version, no longer supported: 0.9 January 16, 2010
Old version, no longer supported: 0.10 July 24, 2010
Old version, no longer supported: 0.11 May 3, 2011 http://www.freecadweb.org/wiki/index.php?title=Release_notes_011
Old version, no longer supported: 0.12 November 20, 2011 http://www.freecadweb.org/wiki/index.php?title=Release_notes_012
Old version, no longer supported: 0.13 January 29, 2013 http://www.freecadweb.org/wiki/index.php?title=Release_notes_013
Current stable version: 0.14 July 1, 2014 http://www.freecadweb.org/wiki/index.php?title=Release_notes_014
Future release: 0.15 Current Developer Release
Legend:
Old version
Older version, still supported
Latest version
Latest preview version
Future release

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ FreeCAD official download page
  2. ^ "Arch Module". FreeCAD wiki. Retrieved 15 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "Feature list". FreeCAD wiki. Retrieved 15 December 2013. 
  4. ^ Larabel, Michael (2013-01-24). "FSF Wastes Away Another "High Priority" Project". Phoronix. Retrieved 2013-08-22. "Both LibreCAD and FreeCAD both want to use LibreDWG and have patches available for supporting the DWG file format library, but can't integrate them. The programs have dependencies on the popular GPLv2 license while the Free Software Foundation will only let LibreDWG be licensed for GPLv3 use, not GPLv2." 
  5. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions about the GNU Licenses – Is GPLv3 compatible with GPLv2?". The official site. Retrieved 13 April 2011. 
  6. ^ Prokoudine, Alexandre (2012-12-27). "LibreDWG drama: the end or the new beginning?". libregraphicsworld.org. Retrieved 2013-08-23. "[...]the unfortunate situation with support for DWG files in free CAD software via LibreDWG. We feel, by now it ought to be closed. We have the final answer from FSF. [...] "We are not going to change the license."" 
  7. ^ Release notes 0.14"The import and export of dwg files has therefore the same limitations as the dxf format."

Bibliography[edit]

  • Daniel Falck; Brad Collette: FreeCAD [How-to]. Solid Modeling with the Power of Python, Packt Publishing, Birmingham, 2012, ISBN 978-1849518864

External links[edit]