Free Arabian Legion
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|Free Arabian Legion
جيش بلاد العرب الحرة
Free Arabian Legion Insignia
|Free Arabian Legion Flag|
It was created by Amin al-Husseini and Rashid Ali when they suggested the formation of an army of Arab volunteers, which was adopted by Adolf Hitler in 1941. The unit was based on a smaller force, commanded by Hellmuth Felmy, mainly to assist the Pro-Nazi revolt in Iraq which was suppressed by the British. The unit was first settled in Syria and included several Iraqi expatriates, and Syrian Arabs. After the conquest of Syria by the British and Free-French forces, the unit was moved to Sounion in Greece. There it received more Arab and Muslim troops who were on the soil of Europe at the time, as prisoners of war, or as volunteers.
The Nazis planned to use the legion in conquering the Caucasus, rising an Iraqi exiled-government there, and use as a force station, as a way of conquering Iraq (an end that was never taken).
After the death of its commander, the Legion was taken out from the Front, and in the November 1943 the Legion had served in Peloponnese, as part of the 41st Infantry Division and was participated in the suppression of the Greek anti-fascist insurrection.
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