Free Iraqi Army

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Free Iraqi Army
الجيش العراقي الحر
Participant in the Syrian Civil War and the Iraqi insurgency
Flag of Iraq (1991-2004).svg
Flag of Iraq (1991–2004)
Active 9 November 2012–present
Ideology Sunni Islamism
Area of
Iraq and Syria
Strength 2,500+[1]
Allies Logo of the Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order.png Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order
Syria Free Syrian Army[citation needed]
Supreme Command for Jihad and Liberation
General Military Council for Iraqi Revolutionaries
Opponents Iraq Iraqi Armed Forces
Syrian Armed Forces
Kata'ib Hezbollah flag.svg Kata'ib Hezbollah
Mukhtar Army
and wars
Iraqi insurgency
Syrian Civil War

The Free Iraqi Army (Arabic: الجيش العراقي الحر‎, Al-Jayš Al-‘Irāqī Al-Ḥurr, FIA) is a Sunni militant group formed in the western Sunni-majority provinces of Iraq from Iraqi supporters of the Free Syrian Army rebels fighting in the Syrian Civil War.[2] The group aims to overthrow the Shia-dominated government of Iraq,[3] believing that they will gain support in this from Syria should the rebels be successful in overthrowing Bashar al-Assad.[4][5] An Iraqi counterterror spokesman has denied this, saying that the name is merely being used by al-Qaeda in Iraq to "attract the support of the Iraqi Sunnis by making use of the strife going on in Syria."[6]

Aside from Anbar Province, the FIA reportedly has a presence in Fallujah, along the Syrian border near the town of Al-Qaim, and in Mosul in the north of Iraq. A recruiting commander for the group told a reporter from The Daily Star newspaper in Lebanon that the group is opposed to both Al-Qaeda in Iraq and their opponents in the Sahwa militia. The same commander claimed that the group receives financial support from cross-border tribal extensions and Sunni sympathizers in the Gulf states of Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE.[4]

On 4 February 2013, Wathiq al-Batat of the Shia militant group Hezbollah in Iraq, announced the formation of the Mukhtar Army to fight against al-Qaeda and the Free Iraqi Army.[7]

Links to al-Qaeda and the Iraqi Ba'athists[edit]

Despite the group's denial of links to al-Qaeda, the group has been accused of being affiliated with the group.[8] These accusations of links with both al-Qaeda and the Ba'athists led to a Najaf Shiite figure associated with the State of Law Coalition issuing a fatwa against supplying the group with weapons.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "How Syria's civil war is spilling over - Middle East". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 2014-08-19. 
  2. ^ "INSIGHT: Iraq’s Tensions Heightened by Syria Conflict". Middle East Voices (VOA). 29 November 2012. 
  3. ^ "Syrian Soldiers Killed In Iraq: Reports". RTT News. 4 March 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Free Iraqi Army inspired by Syria war". The Daily Star (Lebanon). 10 November 2012. 
  5. ^ "Iraqis locked in rival sectarian narratives". BBC News. 21 November 2012. 
  6. ^ "Al-Qaida making comeback in Iraq, officials say". The Guardian. 9 October 2012. 
  7. ^ "Briefing: A guide to defusing sectarian tensions in Iraq". IRIN. 13 February 2013. 
  8. ^ "Syrian War’s Spillover Threatens a Fragile Iraq". The New York Times. 26 February 2013. 
  9. ^ "عضو في الدفاع النيابية: الجيش العراقي الحر إسم آخر لتنظيم القاعدة". Iraqi Communist Party (in Arabic). 20 December 2012.