Free Synagogue of Flushing

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Free Synagogue of Flushing
Basic information
Location 41-60 Kissena Blvd,
Flushing, Queens, United States
Geographic coordinates 40°45′27″N 73°49′39″W / 40.757401°N 73.827552°W / 40.757401; -73.827552Coordinates: 40°45′27″N 73°49′39″W / 40.757401°N 73.827552°W / 40.757401; -73.827552
Affiliation Reform Judaism
Status Active
Leadership Rabbi: Michael Weisser
Cantor: Steven Pearlston[1]
Architectural description
Architect(s) Maurice Courland[2]
Architectural style Neoclassical[2]
Completed 1927[2]
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
Added to NRHP: October 16, 2009
NRHP Reference No. 09000834

The Free Synagogue of Flushing is a Reform synagogue in the Flushing neighborhood of Queens, New York City. It is the oldest liberal Reform congregation in Queens.

The congregation was established in 1917 as part of Rabbi Stephen Samuel Wise's "Free Synagogue" movement.[3] Architect Maurice Courland designed the current Neoclassical building. It is listed on both the New York State and National Register of Historic Places.[2]

Michael Weisser joined as rabbi in September 2008, when the synagogue had around 100 members, down from several hundred decades earlier. A graduate of Hebrew Union College's cantorial program in the 1970s, he was ordained in 2001.[4] As of 2012, Weisser was the congregation's rabbi and the cantor was Steven Pearlston.[1]

Early history[edit]

The Free Synagogue of Flushing was founded in 1917 Sanford Avenue by the Hebrew Women's Aid Society, in keeping with the philosophy of the first Free Synagogue, the Stephen Wise Free Synagogue in Manhattan. These principles include freedom of the pulpit, freedom in religious philosophy, freedom in terms of seating, and men and women are equal in participation and leadership. For much of its history, the synagogue has been a bastion of liberal thought and social activism. It is the oldest liberal Reform congregation in Queens.

When the synagogue was established with the aid of Rabbi Sidney Goldstein of the Stephen Wise Free Synagogue, it purchased the white house at the then quiet intersection of Kissena Boulevard and Stanford Avenue. The first synagogue was a stately pillared mansion designed by the noted architectural firm of McKim, Mead & White, which stood on the corner of the lot. Some years later, the synagogue membership had grown so large it was decided a new sanctuary had to be built. During World War I, the Hebrew Women’s Aid Society commissioned the architect Maurice Courland to build a synagogue on Kissena Boulevard.

During its early years, the synagogue was served by three rabbis for relatively short periods of time. They included Rabbi Bernard Cantor, who left on a mission for the Joint Distribution Committee to help oppressed Jews in Eastern Europe. While doing his humanitarian work, Cantor was murdered by bandits in southern Russia. The anniversary of his death is still observed.

Cantor was succeeded by Rabbi Abraham Feldman, who later went to Hartford, Connecticut, and he in turn was followed by Rabbi Maxwell Silver, a brother of Rabbi Abba Hillel Silver, the famed Zionist and counselor to a number of American presidents. When Silver left in 1922, the temple turned to Wise for help, and he selected Rabbi Max Meyer to serve on a "temporary basis", which lasted 40 years. Meyer was the prime mover in the growth and development of the Free Synagogue of Flushing. He also served as chairman of the North Shore branch of the Long Island division of the American Jewish Congress.

Rabbi Charles Agin came to Flushing in 1958 to assist Meyer, and quickly gained the affection and confidence of the congregation. A year later, Agin received an officer's commission and was inducted into the Armed Forces. When he returned, Agin was named assistant rabbi and principal of the religious school, and at the retirement of Meyer, he was named to succeed him and was granted life tenure. During his 50 years of service, Agin presided over expansion of the temple, including a new administration building, the Rabbi Max Meyer Religious School which supports children 6 through 16 with an after school Hebrew education and other facilities. Currently, Agin serves as rabbi emeritus.

Events since 2000[edit]

Michael Weisser joined as rabbi in September 2008, when the synagogue had around 100 members, down from several hundred decades earlier. A graduate of Hebrew Union College's cantorial program in the 1970s, he was ordained in 2001.[4] He has participated in the planning and execution of the Queens Unity Walk, which brings together people of various faiths for a day of learning. He is currently involved in the creation of an interfaith council that will serve the ethnically and religiously diverse borough of Queens. Recently, he was among those chosen to deliver an invocation at New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg’s Interfaith Breakfast.

When Weisser was a cantor in Lincoln, Nebraska, Larry Trapp, the Grand Dragon of the White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan threatened him and his family. The rabbi’s response was to reach out to the one behind the threats. He ultimately befriended the Trapp and was instrumental in his change from a lifelong racist to renouncing hatred and speaking out publicly against bigotry. Three months before his death from diabetes-related kidney disease in 1992, Trapp converted to Judaism under Rabbi Weisser’s guidance, and in the very synagogue that he once plotted to blow up.[5] The book, Not By the Sword: How a Cantor and His Family Transformed a Klansman was written about these events by Kathryn Watterson.

Nationally known Steven Pearlston, a professional opera singer and director, has been the synagogue's cantor and music director for the last 30 years. He possesses a broad knowledge of the full range of the Jewish liturgical, classical and secular repertoires. He is the cantor of the only synagogue in Queens which has a professional choir at all services. The choir performs behind an ornate grate above the pink marbled Ark. During the first 47 years, the synagogue did not have a cantor with the rabbi conducting services and the congregation singing the responses. In 1923, it obtained an organ which ranks in quality with some of the finest organs in Europe.

The Free Synagogue of Flushing has an youth and adult education program, an active Brotherhood and Sisterhood, and theatre group. It provides space to such groups as the Flushing Jewish Community Council, Alcoholics Anonymous, various political, community organizations, and fledging church groups. Throughout its history, the synagogue has remained active in social action causes. Every year, it commemorates Martin Luther King, Jr.'s birthday in its sanctuary, actively collects food for City Harvest, and hosts interfaith events.

Current building[edit]

The white Victorian-style building that White built was moved in 1926 to the Sanford Avenue frontage of the synagogue to make way for a larger sanctuary, the present Free Synagogue of Flushing. This neoclassical building designed by Maurice Courland, features a massive portico supported by four Ionic pillars. Ascending the stately steps is magnificent sanctuary where dark green pilasters support the walls upon which rest the enormous dome. Tiffany style stained glass windows crafted in Czechoslovakia bathe the sanctuary in rich, radiant colors. Inscribed in the front is the verse "FOR MINE HOUSE SHALL BE CALLED A HOUSE OF PRAYER FOR ALL PEOPLE" (Isaiah 56:7).

The windows depict Noah's Ark, the lions of Judah, great swirls of leaves and vines and delicate flowers used in the Sukkot prayer, and the two hands of the Priestly Blessing. In the center of the domed ceiling that covers the entire sanctuary is a smaller stained-glass dome designed around a Star of David and intricate, gold-leaf filigree, hand-turned and carved, graces the wood that is a dark green color. It is a synagogue-in-the-round which provides a sense of intimacy during its spiritual services. In 1964, a three-story school building was added to accommodate the religious school and adult education classes. It is listed on both the New York State and National Register of Historic Places.[2]

Since 2009 the synagogue building has been undergoing an extensive renovation. The new windows, on the south side of the temple near Sanford Avenue are the latest part of the ongoing repairs. The New York Landmarks Conservancy awarded their first-ever Historic Synagogue Fund award for the restoration of its monumental stained glass windows and wood sash, and in December 2011, the synagogue dedicated its new stained glass windows with prayers led by Weisser.

External links[edit]