Freeby

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Freeby
Freeby is located in Leicestershire
Freeby
Freeby
 Freeby shown within Leicestershire
Population 276 (2001)
OS grid reference SK804201
District Melton
Shire county Leicestershire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Melton Mowbray
Dialling code 01664
Police Leicestershire
Fire Leicestershire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Melton
List of places
UK
England
Leicestershire

Coordinates: 52°46′22″N 0°48′36″W / 52.7727°N 0.8099°W / 52.7727; -0.8099

Freeby is a village and civil parish in the Melton district of Leicestershire, England, about three miles east of Melton Mowbray. The parish has a population of about 300.[1]

As well as the village of Freeby the parish includes the villages of Saxby, Wyfordby, Brentingby and Stapleford.

History[edit]

Freeby St Marys NE aspect

Once a part of Melton Mowbray parish the village was originally known as “Fretheby” and “Fredebi” around the age of Edward the Confessor.[2] The village, however was referred to as “Frieby” as late as 1816[3] All the properties, except the United Reformed Church, still belong to the Freeby estate. It was granted as a manor to Hugh Despencer in the 13th century and remained a manor estate to the present day. The estate later passed to Lord de Ros, presumably at the demise of Despensers. Hugh the elder was hanged in Bristol in 1326 for his aid to Edward the 2nd who had fled Isabellas and Mortimers’ invasion and coup whilst Hugh Despenser the Younger was, after trial, hung, drawn and quartered in 1326. In 1568 the lord of the manor of Freeby was Edward, 3rd Earl of Rutland and thirty years later the manor passed to Thomas Hartopp of that ancient family of Leicestershire. Sir John Hartopp, 3rd Baronet (1658) became M.P. for Leicestershire (1678-1681) left an endowment for the education of dissenting ministers and employed the non conformist Isaac Watts.[4]

The estate was sold by Sir J. W. Cradock Hartopp, Bart., to Mr. Daniel Thwaites (of the Lancashire Thwaites brewery) upon whose death in 1888 it passed to Elma Amy, his only daughter, the wife of Robert Yerburgh, M.P.[3][5] The estate was part of many others owned by Mrs Yerburgh and under management of the Woodfold Estates Company Management. Mrs. Yerburgh died in 1946[6] and from 1955 the estates and brewery were managed separately from adjacent offices at Eanam, Blackburn.[7]

Today[edit]

Laburnum Cottage
Freeby North Aisle Crack.JPG

The buildings in the village show a certain similarity of age and construction commensurate with estate management. This can be seen in window frames and doors, the use of ironstone and brick building materials with limestone decoration. At the T junction to the west of the village, set upon a bank, is a terrace of six houses known as Sykes Row. The red brick and tiled roof construction with decorative window arches are striking. Ivy House Farm, the Old Barn and Woodbine Cottage are opposite and as the road dips down into the village the church can be glimpsed behind the mature trees that border its north and west walls. As the visitor proceeds along the road such cottages as Primrose, Highfield and Laburnum Cottage grace the sides with their unspoilt red brick and tile construction and well kept gardens. Further along Manor Farm and Glen Farm, working farms, display wonderful building features such as working sash windows. The Manor Farmhouse is Grade 2 listed. Since 1994 Freeby has been under the protection of the Freeby Conservation Area which covers 3.38 hectares sand was designated by Melton Borough Council. The settlement is relatively unspoilt as an agricultural village, certainly worthy of preservation and its buildings and rural nature are a credit to English heritage. Most of the village, other than some farm buildings, are encompassed in the conservation area.

Church[edit]

The church dates from the 14th Century and is a grade one listed building mostly in the Early English style. The Anglican register starts around 1604 but is fragmented until the beginning of the 19th century. It is dedicated to St Mary. Like so many medieval churches it has been repaired and altered many times, the last thorough restoration around 1894. As with many churches in this area its construction is of ironstone and limestone ashlar. The aisles were added some time later and the tower is of 16th century limestone construction. Ornamental medieval corbels adorn each south window and the church has a north door. The church is built on a prominence on the north side of the road through the village and that is apparently its downfall. That hill is not solid rock and, according BBC video is sand which has resulted to constant repairs throughout the last 700 years as the church settles.

The church would seat 200 except that it has been closed for some considerable time because of its small congregation and its state of repair. English Heritage, after a survey of churches say, "The church serves a small community, who have maintained it extremely well over the years, but some of the stonework needs urgent repairs. English Heritage and the Heritage Lottery Fund is providing a scheme of repair grants to places of worship like St Mary's.” The church has been found unsafe and closed.[8] Photographs in the gallery show the extent of the damage to some extent but the author has no access to the interior. At present the villagers use the chapel, built prior to 1881, which is a delightful small building with a double arched window and porch a short walk across the road from St Marys. There is a preservation order, 24th Aug 1999, Melton Borough Council, on a dozen trees on the north side of the church graveyard

Saxby[edit]

Saxby is a small village in the parish of Freeby. Saxby is one of the Thankful Villages - only 52 of which are known. These villages and parishes sent men to fight in the Great War, 1914-1918, and all of them came back alive.

Famous residents[edit]

  • Isaac Watts, born in Southampton on 17 July 1674, he died on 25 November 1748 in Stoke Newington. An essayist, academic, author and the writer of over 700 hymns, some as well known as “When I survey the Wondrous Cross” and “Oh God our help in ages past”. As a non conformist Watts was denied entry into Oxford or Cambridge, yet his treatise on Logic became a popular teaching handbook. He became, in 1696, a minister to the Hartopp family of Stoke Newington and Freeby and preached in the United Reformed Church in the village until 1699.[9]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census 2001 Parish Profile: Melton; Freeby". Leics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-12. 
  2. ^ "Freeby CA Appraisal". Borough of Melton. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
  3. ^ a b Denis Larionov & Alexander Zhulin. "Read the ebook An inventory of the church plate of Leicestershire, with some account of the donors (Volume 1) by Andrew David Hedderwick Trollope". Ebooksread.com. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  4. ^ "Surname Database: Hartopp Last Name Origin". Surnamedb.com. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  5. ^ "Full text of "Some notes on our family history"". Archive.org. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  6. ^ "Elma Amy Thwaites". The Peerage.com. 15 July 2003. Retrieved 13 February 2011. 
  7. ^ "Access to Archives". The National Archives. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  8. ^ "Freeby church needs urgent repair". BBC News. 5 July 2010. 
  9. ^ [1][dead link]

External links[edit]

Media related to Freeby at Wikimedia Commons