Freedom and People's Rights Movement
The Freedom and People's Rights Movement (自由民権運動 Jiyū Minken Undō ) (alternatively, Liberty and Civil Right movement, as Japanese does not differentiate between liberty and freedom, or Free Civil Right movement) was a Japanese political and social movement for democracy in 1880s.
It pursued the formation of an elected legislature, revision of the Unequal Treaties with America and European countries, the institution of civil rights and the reduction of centralized taxation. The Movement prompted the Meiji government to establish a constitution in 1889 and a diet in 1890; on the other hand, it failed to loosen the control of the central government and its demand for true democracy remained unfulfilled, with ultimate power continuing to reside in the Meiji (Chōshū-Satsuma) oligarchy because, among other limitations, the Meiji Constitution enfranchised only men who paid a substantial amount in property taxes, as a result of the Land Tax Reform in 1873.
Related people 
- Itagaki Taisuke
- Ōkuma Shigenobu
- Gotō Shōjirō
- Ueki Emori
- Etō Shimpei
- Soejima Taneomi
- Ōi Kentarō
- Naitō Roichi
- Nakae Chōmin
- Tokutomi Sohō
- Inoue Kaoru
- Ido Reizan
- Fukuda Hideko
- Chiba Takusaburō, author of the "Itsukaichi constitution" (五日市憲法), a draft constitution for the Empire of Japan
- Sims, Richard (2001). Japanese Political History Since the Meiji Renovation 1868-2000. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-23915-7.
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