Freedom and Solidarity

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Freedom and Solidarity
Sloboda a Solidarita
Chairperson Richard Sulík
Founded 28 February 2009
Headquarters Čajakova 18, 811 05 Bratislava
Youth wing Young Liberals
Ideology Liberalism[1]
Soft euroscepticism[2][3]
Political position Centre-right[4][5]
European affiliation Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
Colours Green and Blue
National Council
11 / 150
European Parliament
0 / 13
Website
http://www.strana-sas.sk/
Politics of Slovakia
Political parties
Elections

Freedom and Solidarity (Slovak: Sloboda a Solidarita, SaS) is a centre-right liberal[6][7][8] political party in Slovakia. The party was established in 2009 and is led by its founder, the economist Richard Sulík, who designed Slovakia's flat tax system.[9] It formerly had 22 seats in the National Council and held four positions in the government of Slovakia, but lost half its seats in the March 2012 Slovak parliamentary election.

Besides advocating fiscal conservatism, the party is civil libertarian, including advocating liberalisation of drug laws and same-sex marriage.[10] It is moderately eurosceptic.[2][3] Freedom and Solidarity launched a campaign called 'Referendum 2009' to hold a referendum on reforming and cutting the cost of politics. The party makes heavy use of the Internet:[11] fighting the 2010 election through Facebook and Twitter,[12] with the party having 68,000 'fans' on Facebook by the election.[13]

The party narrowly failed to cross the 5% threshold at the 2009 European election, but came third, winning 22 seats, at the 2010 parliamentary election. It is a part of the four-party centre-right coalition, with four cabinet positions, and Richard Sulík has been elected the Speaker of the National Council. In the 2012 elections, however, the party suffered a major setback and lost half its seats.

The party is a member of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) Party.

History[edit]

Foundation[edit]

Richard Sulík was special adviser to two Ministers of Finance, Ivan Mikloš and Ján Počiatek, with whom he worked to simplify the tax system and implement Slovakia's 19% flat tax. He announced his intention to found Freedom and Solidarity on 10 October 2008, calling for a party dedicated to economic freedom and questioning the commitment of SDKÚ to that objective.[14] Analysts cited a lack of any liberal party in the country.[14] After securing the 10,000 signatures required to found a party, SaS made its public debut in February 2009,[15] ahead of the European election in June. The party set publicly declared goals of entering the National Council in 2010 and entering government in 2014.[15]

At SaS's founding congress in Bratislava on 28 February 2009, Richard Sulík was elected as Chairman, and Jana Kiššová as General Manager. SaS selected economist Ján Oravec, to be its candidate for the 2009 elections of the European Parliament.[16] The party supported the SDKÚ candidate, Iveta Radičová, in the presidential election in March and April 2009; she was defeated in the second round.

With others, Sulík was approached by Declan Ganley to join the Libertas.eu alliance of eurosceptic parties for the European elections, but turned down the invitation in order to remain independent. While he was also a sceptic of the Lisbon Treaty, and more generally a critic of European intransparency and bureaucracy, he didn't share the isolationist position of Libertas. In the elections, SaS received 4.71% of the votes: just missing the 5% threshold. The SDKÚ accused Freedom and Solidarity of unnecessarily furthering the fragmentation of the political right in Slovakia. In the 2009 regional elections, SaS won one seat, in Bratislava.

The "2009 Referendum" and 2010 election[edit]

Richard Sulík founded SaS in 2009 to advance the ideas that he had proposed as counsellor to the Finance Ministry.

Later in 2009, SaS promoted a referendum striving for major cuts to politicians' privileges. The demands include downsizing the Slovak parliament from 150 to 100 MPs, scrapping their immunity from criminal prosecution and limits to be placed on the public finances spent on government officials' cars. Furthermore, they demand that the radio and television market should be further liberalized, abolishing concessionary fees, and public officials' right to comment and reply to media coverage should be removed from the press law.[17] In January 2010, SaS announced that by the end of 2009 it had managed to collect the 350,000 signatures needed in order to call a referendum. SaS forwarded the signatures to the Slovak president Ivan Gašparovič, requesting him to schedule the referendum for the date of the National Council elections on 12 June 2010.[18]

In March 2010, people reported Sulík to the police for the content of the manifesto for the 2010 parliamentary election, arguing that the party's manifesto commitment to legalisation of cannabis constituted the criminal offence of 'spread of addiction'.[19] This was thrown out by the prosecutors, who refused to press charges.[20] The party's candidates were the most open about the state of their personal wealth.[21] In the election to the National Council, SaS received 12.14%, coming third, and won 22 seats. The party was the only one in opposition that took votes from Smer,[13] although it was estimated that more of its votes came from ex-SDKÚ voters.[22]

The party entered into coalition negotiations with the three other centre-right parties: SDKÚ, Christian Democratic Movement, and Most–Híd. The parties agreed a common programme, and allocated ministries, with the SaS controlling four ministries, as well as choosing the Speaker of the National Council. During the negotiations, Igor Matovič, one of the four MPs elected on the SaS list from the 'Ordinary People' faction, alleged that he had been offered a bribe to destabilise the talks, prompting Sulík to make a formal complaint to the prosecutor.[23] On 29 June 2010, the President decided that the 2009 Referendum petition met the requirements, and the vote will go ahead on 18 September 2010.[24] Four of the six issues in the referendum are part of the agreed programme of the new coalition government.[25] However, when the referendum was held, the turnout fell far below the 50% required.

In February 2011, Igor Matovič was ejected from the caucus for voting for Smer's proposed restrictions on dual nationality.[26] Ordinary People filed to become an independent political party on 28 October 2011, and are running in the 2012 election as a separate list, along with two small conservative parties.

Ideology[edit]

Freedom and Solidarity believes in economic liberalisation,[2] being led by the father of Slovakia's flat tax, and party prides itself on its economic expertise.[3] In the 2010 parliamentary election, the party emphasised that it had economic policies completely opposed to those of the centre-left government of Robert Fico, and ruled out cooperating with him.[2] The party cites a need to close the budget deficit, and advocates reforming the social insurance system.[2] Sulík's proposal for a welfare and tax system reform, Contribution Bonus, is based on a combination of flat tax, Basic Income and Negative income tax. It aims to streamline the system and cut unnecessary expenses and bureaucratic overhead.[27]

The party is moderately eurosceptic, opposing the 'bureaucratic machinery' that it says that the EU represents. The party opposed the Treaty of Lisbon, EU economic harmonisation, and an increased EU budget.[3] It is particularly wary of the European Union restricting the free market.[2] The party opposed the ECB's bailout of Greece during the 2010 debt crisis,[28] while Sulik has proposed drawing up plans to withdraw Slovakia from the Euro.[29] However, despite the party's euroscepticism, Freedom and Solidarity has joined the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party, most of whose members are in favour of further integration.

SaS is notably civil libertarian, being the only major party to campaign for same-sex marriage or for the decriminalisation of cannabis.[2] This put it at odds with its more socially conservative coalition partner, the Christian Democratic Movement (KDH).[2]

Elected representatives[edit]

Freedom and Solidarity has 6 members of the National Council.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Henderson, Karen (2010). Europe and the Slovak Parliamentary Election of June 2010. Election Briefing 58. Sussex European Institute. 
  3. ^ a b c d Henderson, Karen (2010). The European Parliament Election in Slovakia, 6 June 2009. European Parliament Election Briefing 44. Sussex European Institute. 
  4. ^ Balogová, Beata (3 May 2010). "Hostage to patriotism". The Slovak Spectator. 
  5. ^ Freedom House (1 November 2011). Freedom in the World 2011: The Annual Survey of Political Rights and Civil Liberties. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 599–. ISBN 978-1-4422-0994-7. 
  6. ^ Stanislav J. Kirschbaum (14 November 2013). Historical Dictionary of Slovakia. Scarecrow Press. pp. 256–. ISBN 978-0-8108-8030-6. 
  7. ^ Jean-Michel de Waele; Fabien Escalona; Mathieu Vieira (25 October 2013). The Palgrave Handbook of Social Democracy in the European Union. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 21–. ISBN 978-1-137-29380-0. 
  8. ^ Freedom House (24 December 2013). Nations in Transit 2013: Democratization from Central Europe to Eurasia. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. pp. 522–. ISBN 978-1-4422-3119-1. 
  9. ^ "Fresh air". The Economist. 17 June 2010. 
  10. ^ Balogová, Beata (20 May 2010). "Vote 2010: Smer gets another 'no'". The Slovak Spectator. 
  11. ^ "An unfinished revolution". The Economist. 19 May 2010. 
  12. ^ "Another direction". The Economist. 20 May 2010. 
  13. ^ a b Tomek, Radoslav (11 June 2010). "Slovak Facebook Users May End Fico Reign in Vote". Bloomberg. 
  14. ^ a b (Slovak) "Jeden z autorov daňovej reformy Sulík zakladá novú stranu". SME. 11 November 2008. 
  15. ^ a b (Slovak) "Richard Sulík rozbieha stranu Sloboda a Solidarita". SME. 12 March 2009. 
  16. ^ (Slovak) "Stranu Sloboda a Solidarita povedie ekonóm Sulík". Slovak News Agency. 28 March 2009. 
  17. ^ Vilikovská, Zuzana (26 January 2010). "Referendum 2009 committee seeks simultaneous vote with parliamentary elections". The Slovak Spectator. 
  18. ^ (Slovak) "Sulík posúva referendum, Gašparovičovi neverí". SME. 12 February 2010. 
  19. ^ (Slovak) "Trestné oznámenie na predsedu SaS preverí bratislavská prokuratúra". SME. 25 March 2010. 
  20. ^ (Slovak) "Sulík nešíril toxikomániu, ako si mysleli Žilinčania". SME. 4 May 2010. 
  21. ^ "Fair-Play Alliance: Candidates Are Not Transparent About Their Wealth". Radio Slovakia International. 9 June 2010. 
  22. ^ Vilikovská, Zuzana (3 June 2010). "SaS is attracting voters from Smer and SDKÚ; Most-Híd from SMK". The Slovak Spectator. 
  23. ^ (Slovak) "SaS: R. Sulík podal trestné oznámenie v súvislosti so snahou podplatiť Matoviča". Slovak News Agency. 28 June 2010. 
  24. ^ (Slovak) "SaS dosiahla referendum. Inak, ako mienila". SME. 7 July 2010. 
  25. ^ Vilikovská, Zuzana (29 June 2010). "Slovak President Gašparovič will announce a SaS-initiated referendum". The Slovak Spectator. 
  26. ^ Michaela Terenzani-Stanková (10 February 2011). "Coalition loses another MP". The Slovak Spectator. Retrieved 20 March 2011. 
  27. ^ http://www.sulik.sk/media/contribution_bonus.pdf
  28. ^ "Centre right make gains in Slovakia". The Irish Times. 13 June 2010. 
  29. ^ "Bratislava's plan B". The Economist. 29 December 2010. 

External links[edit]