Freedom of the City of Dublin
The Freedom of the City of Dublin is an award bestowed by the people of Dublin in Ireland on a person nominated by the Lord Mayor. It is usually awarded for contributions made to the life of the city, as an honour given to certain visiting dignitaries.
Seventy-eight people have been given the Freedom of Dublin, as of March 2014. Among the recipients are American presidents John F. Kennedy and Bill Clinton, as well as Mother Teresa. Two recipients who were unable to attend to receive the award are Nelson Mandela, who was still in prison, and also Aung San Suu Kyi, who was under house arrest. However, Mandela accepted his award a few months after his release from captivity at an open-air ceremony outside the Lord Mayor's residence, the Mansion House, on 1 July 1990, and Suu Kyi received her award on 18 June 2012 during a six-hour visit to the city.
U2 and Paul McGuinness are also holders of this award. Other recipients are Bob Geldof, Ronnie Delany, Louis le Brocquy, and Thomas Kinsella.[dead link] Rugby player Brian O'Driscoll and human rights campaigner Father Peter McVerry S.J. were given the award on 22 March 2014.
Ancient privileges and duties
Holders of this award have some ancient privileges and duties such as:
- Holders have the right to bring goods into Dublin through the city gates, without paying customs duties.
- Holders have the right to pasture sheep on common ground within the city boundaries. This includes College Green and St Stephen's Green. (this right was exercised as a publicity stunt by Bono when he brought sheep into St. Stephens Green).
- The right to vote in municipal and parliamentary elections.
Some of the ancient duties are that,
- Freemen/women must be ready to defend the city of Dublin from attack
- At short notice can be called up to join a city militia
- Also a law which was passed in 1454 states that freemen/women must own a bow, a coat of mail, a helmet and a sword.
Freemen and Freewomen of Dublin
|1||Isaac Butt||16 October 1876|
|2||W.E. Gladstone||7 November 1877|
|3||U.S. Grant||3 January 1879|
|4||Edward E. Potter||4 May 1880|
|5||Charles S. Parnell||16 August 1882|
|6||John Dillon||16 August 1882|
|7||Kevin Izod O'Doherty||1 September 1885|
|8||Patrick A. Collins||2 August 1887|
|9||William O'Brien||2 August 1887|
|10||(The Marquess of) Ripon||2 February 1888|
|11||John Morley||2 February 1888|
|12||Patrick F. Cardinal Moran||4 October 1888|
|13||Margaret Sandhurst||20 September 1889|
|14||James Stansfeld||20 September 1889|
|15||George Salmon||30 June 1892|
|16||Stuart Knill||2 January 1893|
|17||Timothy Daniel Sullivan||24 October 1893|
|18||Thomas Sexton||Did not sign roll|
|19||J. E. Redmond||3 April 1902|
|20||P. A. McHugh||3 April 1902|
|21||An Craoibhín Aoibhín||7 August 1906|
|22||Spencer Harty||No date given|
|23||Hugh P. Lane||Did not sign roll|
|24||Richard Croker||24 August 1908|
|25||E. O'Meagher Condon||4 October 1909|
|26||Charles A. Cameron||20 February 1911|
|27||Kuno Meyer||22 April 1912|
|28||Peadar Ua Laoghaire||22 April 1912|
|29||Daniel Mannix||Did not sign roll|
|30||John McCormack||6 September 1923|
|31||Ehrenfried Gunther||3 July 1928|
|32||Baron von Hunefeld||3 July 1928|
|33||James C. Fitzmaurice||3 July 1928|
|34||Frank B. Kellogg||30 August 1928|
|35||Lorenzo Cardinal Lauri||27 June 1932|
|36||John Lavery||17 September 1935|
|37||John Purser Griffith||8 June 1936|
|38||G. Bernard Shaw||28 August 1946|
|39||Richard J. Cushing||16 September 1949|
|40||Paul A. Dever||16 September 1949|
|41||Sean T. O Ceallaigh||2 June 1953|
|42||John Cardinal D'Alton||2 June 1953|
|43||Gerald P. O'Hara||27 July 1954|
|44||Chester Beatty||26 July 1956|
|45||John F. Norton||28 October 1958|
|46||G.P. Cardinal Agagianian||22 June 1961|
|47||Michael Cardinal Browne||23 August 1962|
|48||John F. Kennedy||28 June 1963|
|49||Hilton R. H. Edwards||22 June 1973|
|50||Micheál Mac Liammóir||22 June 1973|
|51||Éamon de Valera||7 March 1975|
|52||John A. Costello||7 March 1975|
|53||Joannes Paulus PP. II||24 September 1979|
|54||Noel Purcell||28 June 1984|
|55||Maureen Potter (O'Leary)||28 June 1984|
|56||Akihito||4 March 1985|
|57||Michiko||4 March 1985|
|58||Stephen Roche||29 September 1987|
|59||Nelson Mandela||21 September 1988|
|60||Pádraig Ua hIrighile||22 April 1991|
|61||M. Teresa M.C.||2 June 1993|
|62||John (Jack) Charlton||26 May 1994|
|63||William J. Clinton||1 December 1995|
|64||Gabriel M. Byrne||11 May 1999|
|65||Aung San Suu Kyi||18 June 2012|
|66||Adam Clayton||18 March 2000|
|67||David Evans||18 March 2000|
|68||Larry Mullen Junior||18 March 2000|
|69||Paul Hewson||18 March 2000|
|70||Paul McGuinness||18 March 2000|
|71||Mikhail Gorbachev||9 January 2002|
|72||Kevin Heffernan||17 May 2004|
|73||Ronnie Delany||5 March 2006|
|74||Bob Geldof||5 March 2006|
|75||Thomas Kinsella||24 May 2007|
|76||Louis Le Brocquy||24 May 2007|
|77||Peter McVerry S. J.||22 March 2014|
|78||Brian O'Driscoll||22 March 2014|
- FOC032 Mandela 1990 Dublin City Public Libraries & Archive, 2013-01-16.
- Happy memories of asking the Nelson Mandela about his first vote Irish Times, 2013-12-06.
- Burma's Aung San Suu Kyi leaves Ireland after awards RTÉ News, 2012-06-18.
- Edge, Adam Clayton, Larry Mullen Jr. U2 by U2. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-077674-9.
- Minutes of Dublin City Council meeting Dublin City Council, March 2006.
- "Geldof, Delany receive Dublin honour". RTÉ News. 2006-03-05. Retrieved 2011-02-08.
-  Irish Independent, 2014-23-03.
- "Freedom of the City of Dublin". Dublin City Council. Retrieved 2011-02-08.
- Freemen and Freewomen of Dublin Dublin City Council. Retrieved: 2014-05-10.
|This award-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|