|• Type||Borough Council|
|• Mayor||Tami Martin|
|• Councilwoman||Lynn Falatko|
|• Tax Collector||Cynthia Lutz Zabretsky|
|• Total||0.7 sq mi (1.7 km2)|
|• Land||0.7 sq mi (1.7 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,943 ft (592 m)|
|• Density||5,400/sq mi (2,100/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
Freeland, originally called Birbeckville after founder Joseph Birkbeck, then South Heberton, is a borough in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States. It is located 18 miles (29 km) south of Wilkes-Barre and 10 miles (16 km) northeast of Hazleton in an agricultural region. Freeland was officially incorporated as a borough on September 11, 1876. Coal-mining was a chief industry in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. At the 2010 census, the population was 3,531. As of September 2012, the current Mayor of Freeland is Mrs. Tami Martin, the widow of the former Mayor of Freeland, Tim Martin. Freeland is located at 1,942 feet (592 m) above sea level.
Joseph Birkbeck, the founder of Birbeckville, was born near Brough under Stainmore, in the county of Westmorland, England, on May 2, 1802. He and his wife Elizabeth came to America in 1844. After acquiring land from Edward Lynch the same year of his arrival, Birkbeck built a log cabin in the region that is the small valley between Freeland and Upper Lehigh. The next settler, Nathan Howey, purchased land from Birkbeck and built a frame house just west of Birkbeck's log cabin.
Developing coal mines in the nearby region created a steep increase in population and a demand for building lots. This led Birkbeck to survey the region for the town of South Heberton. South Heberton has long since lost its identity and is now simply a cluster of houses midway between Freeland and Upper Lehigh. Birkbeck's sawmill is at the turn of the road just east of Upper Lehigh, and what was mainly South Heberton is now known as Upper Lehigh, a small mining town once owned by the Upper Lehigh company.
Between 1845 and 1846, Birkbeck cut the road now known as Buck Mountain Road through the woods from South Heberton through Eckley Miners' Village to Buck Mountain. Eckley was then known as Shingletown, as the chief industry there was the production of shingles.
The first child born at South Heberton was Elizabeth Birkbeck, the daughter of founder Joseph Birkbeck and his wife Elizabeth, in 1845. The first death at this place was that of William, the son of Joseph and Elizabeth Birkbeck, which occurred February 11, 1846. He was four years old at the time. The first store at South Heberton was kept by a man named Feist, which was just west of Birkbeck's cabin. Soon afterward another small store was run by a Mr. Mining. The first tavern was founded by N. Howes, the second settler of the region. Previous to the opening of Howes's tavern, Birkbeck accommodated parties who were prospecting in this region for anthracite deposits in his own home. A frame school was built in 1878, and by 1880 the population numbered 500.
Freeland was incorporated as a borough in 1876.
The population steadily grew due to the coal mining popularity and European immigration up until the mid-20th century. During the last few decades, Freeland's population has been declining while the median age has been rising and is now 42 years, four years higher than Pennsylvania's median age. This is mainly due to the decline of the coal industry, which was the sole appeal to new immigrants in the early 20th century.
Saint Mary's Byzantine Catholic Church, in Freeland, is the mother parish of Byzantine-Ruthenian Catholic Churches in the United States.
- Basil Schott, Byzantine Catholic bishop
Government and politics
The former mayor of Freeland was the late Tim Martin, a Democrat. Martin died on 2 September 2010. He was elected in 2001, defeating Republican candidate and Former Mayor George Barna. The borough government consists of the mayor and borough council, consisting of 7 members.
In 2008, Freeland, which usually votes strongly Republican, as a whole voted for John McCain for President, preferring the Republican candidate by 4 votes of approximately 1,200 cast. Freeland residents also voted overwhelmingly for Hazleton mayor Lou Barletta for Congress.
The primary election for 2013 was held on 21 May 2013. The current Mayor Tami Martin is not seeking reelection. Republican mayoral primary hopefuls included Ed Appleman and John W. Budda. According to Luzerne County's unofficial candidates list for the 2013 primary election, no Democratic Party member was listed as seeking to run for the office of Mayor. Borough resident Ed Appleman secured the Republican nomination for the mayoral election in a tight primary race.
Republican Party members seeking election to Borough Council included: George J. Barna, Sr.; Joseph Palko; Raymond Shelley; and Daniel P. Bobby. The vote tallies for the May 2013 Republican primary were as follows: Raymond Shelley, 120; Daniel Bobby, 119; Joseph Palko, 118, and George Barna Sr., 88. Democratic Party members seeking election to Borough Council included: Mary E. Feissner; David Mahon; Lynn Falatko; and Michael Hester. Vote tallies for the May 2013 Democratic primary were as follows: Lynn Falatko, 195; Mary E. Feissner, 190; David Mahon, 182, and Michael Hester, 128.
Death of Mayor Tim Martin
The mayoral predecessor and husband of current mayor Tami Martin, Tim Martin, died from esophageal cancer on 2 September 2010. Martin was in his third term when he unexpectedly died. On 30 September 2010, Martin's wife Tami was unanimously appointed to serve as the new mayor of Freeland. Tami was appointed by the Borough Council and sworn in by District Judge Gerald Feissner.
Freeland is located at .(41.019634, -75.895830)
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.66 square miles (1.7 km2), all of it land.
|Climate data for Freeland, Pennsylvania|
|Average high °C (°F)||0
|Average low °C (°F)||−9
|Precipitation cm (inches)||8
|Source: Weatherbase |
As of the census of 2010, there were 3,531 people residing in the borough, a decrease of 3.3% since the 2000 census. There were 1,760 housing units. The racial makeup of the borough was 95.78% White, 0.59% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.54% Asian American, 1.53% from other races, and 1.44% mixed race. Hispanic or Latino Americans of any race were 5.81% of the population.
The main ancestries reported by white Freeland residents on the 2000 Census were Polish, with 17% of the population, German with 13%, Italian with 13% and Slovak with 13%. However, Czechoslovakian, Carpatho Rusyn, Eastern European and Slavic were all reported by about one percent of the population, so the Slovak population might have come in second to Polish if the census had allowed reporting of more than two ancestries.
There were 1,611 households, as of the 2000 Census, out of which 23.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.9% were non-families. 37.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size in 2000 was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.96.
As of the 2010 Census, the population was spread out with 23.22% under the age of 18, 5.83% from 20 to 24, 12.55% from 25 to 34, 19.12% from 35 to 49, 18.38% from 50 to 64, and 18.75% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age in 2000 was 42 years. As of 2010, for every 100 females there were 92.95 males. In 2000, for every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.7 males.
According to the Census of 2000, the median income for a household in the borough was $31,891, and the median income for a family was $40,863. Males had a median income of $31,631 versus $21,471 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $15,701. About 11.3% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.6% of those under age 18 and 17.0% of those age 65 or over.
- Foster Township, Luzerne Co., Pa
- Freeland: First Settlers
- Columbia Lippincott Gazeteer, p. 641
- Article on Slovaks in America, see religion subsection
- Freeland, Pennsylvania (PA) Detailed Profile - relocation, real estate, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, news, sex offenders
- "Freeland Borough". Retrieved 2009-01-22.
- "Freeland:Mayor". Retrieved 2009-01-22.
- "Martin Leads Dems to Sweep in Freeland". The Times Leader. November 7, 2001. Retrieved 2009-07-16.
- Sunderman, Marion (February 2, 2004). "Freeland Borough Council Minutes – Regular Meeting February 2, 2004". Retrieved 2009-07-16.[dead link]
- 2008 General Election Results by Precinct
- Standard Speaker
- 2013 Primary Luzerne County Unofficial Candidates List
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Climate Summary for Freeland, Pennsylvania
- "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on August 19, 2013.
- "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search - Pennsylvania". Retrieved 2012-09-13.
- Freeland - Freeland - Ancestry & family history - ePodunk