Fremont County, Colorado

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Fremont County, Colorado
Map of Colorado highlighting Fremont County
Location in the state of Colorado
Map of the United States highlighting Colorado
Colorado's location in the U.S.
Founded November 1, 1861
Named for John C. Frémont
Seat Cañon City
Largest city Cañon City
Area
 • Total 1,534 sq mi (3,973 km2)
 • Land 1,533 sq mi (3,970 km2)
 • Water 0.9 sq mi (2 km2), 0.06%
Population
 • (2010) 46,824
 • Density 31/sq mi (12/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website www.fremontco.com

Fremont County is one of the 64 counties in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 46,824.[1] The county seat is Cañon City.[2] The county is named for explorer and presidential candidate John C. Frémont.

Fremont County comprises the Cañon City, CO Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Pueblo-Cañon City, CO Combined Statistical Area.

Fremont County is also home to 15 prisons. ADX Supermax, the only federal Supermax prison in the United States, is in an unincorporated area in Fremont County, south of Florence.[3][4]

The artist Christo plans to begin in 2014 a project to drape a portion of the Arkansas River in Fremont County in cloth.[5]

History[edit]

Fremont County was founded in 1861. It is named for John C. Frémont.[6]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,534 square miles (3,970 km2), of which 1,533 square miles (3,970 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) (0.06%) is water.[7]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

State protected area[edit]

National scenic byway[edit]

Bicycle routes[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 1,064
1880 4,735 345.0%
1890 9,156 93.4%
1900 15,636 70.8%
1910 18,181 16.3%
1920 17,883 −1.6%
1930 18,896 5.7%
1940 19,742 4.5%
1950 18,366 −7.0%
1960 20,196 10.0%
1970 21,942 8.6%
1980 28,676 30.7%
1990 32,273 12.5%
2000 46,145 43.0%
2010 46,824 1.5%
Est. 2013 46,451 −0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 46,145 people, 15,232 households, and 10,494 families residing in the county. The population density was 30 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 17,145 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.52% White, 5.34% Black or African American, 1.53% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.22% from other races, and 1.82% from two or more races. 10.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 15,232 households out of which 30.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.30% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.10% were non-families. 26.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county the population was spread out with 20.60% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 33.40% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 133.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 143.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,150, and the median income for a family was $42,303. Males had a median income of $30,428 versus $23,112 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,420. About 8.30% of families and 11.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.80% of those under age 18 and 7.40% of those age 65 or over.

Sister cities[edit]

Fremont County has two sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

Government[edit]

Fremont County is governed by a board of county commissioners, one for the three separate districts in the county.[13] The current county commissioners are:[14]

  • Tim Payne, district 1
  • Debbie Bell, district 2
  • Ed Norden, district 3

The daily operations of the county are controlled centrally out of the County Administration Building, located in Cañon City and is home to the offices of both appointed and elected officials including:

  • Assessor
  • Clerk and Recorder
  • Coroner
  • County Manager
  • Treasurer

Corrections and prisons[edit]

Colorado Department of Corrections operates several prisons in the county. The department operates the Colorado Territorial Correctional Facility in Cañon City.[15] In addition several correctional facilities near Cañon City are located in unincorporated areas in the county. Colorado State Penitentiary, the location of the state death row and execution chamber,[16] is in Fremont County.[17] Other state prisons in Fremont County include Arrowhead Correctional Center,[18] Centennial Correctional Facility,[19] Fremont Correctional Facility,[20] Four Mile Correctional Center,[21] and Skyline Correctional Center.[22]

The Colorado Women's Correctional Facility, near Cañon City in an unincorporated area, was decommissioned on June 4, 2009.[23][24]

The Federal Bureau of Prisons also operates the Federal Correctional Complex, Florence in Fremont County, which consists of several separate Federal prisons, including the only supermax facility in the federal system, home to many convicted terrorists and other notorious criminals.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "USP Florence ADMAX Contact Information." Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved on December 30, 2009.
  4. ^ "Zoning Map." City of Florence, Colorado. Retrieved on December 30, 2009.
  5. ^ "BLM Over The River Record of Decision". Bureau of Land Management. November 7, 2011. 
  6. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 132. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 8, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  13. ^ "Board of County Commissioners". Retrieved 16 December 2013. 
  14. ^ "Meet the County Commissioners". Retrieved 16 December 2013. 
  15. ^ "Colorado Territorial Correctional Facility." Colorado Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 15, 2010. "125 West US 50 Canon City, CO, 81215."
  16. ^ "Death Row FAQ." (Archive) Colorado Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 15, 2010.
  17. ^ "Colorado State Penitentiary." Colorado Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 15, 2010. "E US Highway 50 Evans Blvd Cañon City, CO, 81215"
  18. ^ "Arrowhead Correctional Center." Colorado Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 15, 2010. "E US Highway 50 Evans Blvd Cañon City, CO, 81215"
  19. ^ "Centennial Correctional Facility." Colorado Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 15, 2010. "E US Highway 50 Evans Blvd Cañon City, CO, 81215"
  20. ^ "Fremont Correctional Facility." Colorado Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 15, 2010. "E US Highway 50 Evans Blvd Cañon City, CO, 81215"
  21. ^ "Four Mile Correctional Center." Colorado Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 15, 2010. "E US Highway 50 Evans Blvd Cañon City, CO, 81215"
  22. ^ "Skyline Correctional Center." Colorado Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 15, 2010. "E US Highway 50 & Evans Blvd Cañon City, CO, 81215"
  23. ^ Mitchell, Kirk. "Cañon City women's prison closes today." The Denver Post. June 4, 2009. Retrieved on August 15, 2010.
  24. ^ "GDE Testing Centers by City." Colorado Department of Education. Retrieved on August 15, 2010. "Colorado Women's Correctional Facility 3800 Grandview Ave. | Canon City, CO 81215."

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°29′N 105°26′W / 38.48°N 105.44°W / 38.48; -105.44