Fremont Indian State Park and Museum

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Coordinates: 38°34′39″N 112°20′06″W / 38.57750°N 112.33500°W / 38.57750; -112.33500
Fremont Indian State Park and Museum
Utah State Park
Fremont Indian State Park behind the Visitors' Center.jpg
Rock art at Fremont Indian State Park
Country  United States
State  Utah
County Sevier
Coordinates 38°34′39″N 112°20′06″W / 38.57750°N 112.33500°W / 38.57750; -112.33500
Highest point
 - location Big Bench Trail
 - elevation 6,102 ft (1,860 m)
Lowest point
 - location Clear Creek
 - elevation 5,709 ft (1,740 m)
Area 889 acres (360 ha) [1]
Founded 1987
Management Utah State Parks
Visitation 101,993 (2011) [2]
IUCN category V - Protected Landscape/Seascape
Location of Fremont Indian State Park and Museum in Utah

Fremont Indian State Park and Museum is a state park of Utah, US, which interprets archaeological remains of the Fremont culture. The park is located in Sevier County, Utah in the Clear Creek Canyon.

The park directly adjoins Interstate 70 as it travels up the Clear Creek Canyon, and thus is highly accessible by auto. The nearest town with full services (motels, etc.) is Richfield. There are campgrounds and RV parks in the area as well.

The site was discovered during construction of Interstate 70, and thousands of artifacts have been excavated from the ancient village and put on permanent display at the museum there.[3] The museum offers hiking trails and picnic areas.

The Fremont Indians were agriculturalists who lived from about 400 to 1300 in north and central Utah and adjacent parts of Colorado, Idaho and Nevada. The Fremont are thought to have come from hunter-gatherers who previously lived in this location and were influenced by the Ancient Pueblo Peoples who introduced corn and pottery, making year-round settlements possible.

Culture[edit]

Fremont people wore moccasins rather than sandals. They were part-time farmers who lived in scattered semi-sedentary farmsteads and small villages. They made pottery, built houses and food storage facilities, and raised maize, but overall they looked like poor cousins of Southwestern peoples.

Nevertheless, the earliest Fremont sites are five centuries older than Ancestral Pueblo, which therefore cannot be the main source of Fremont culture. Fremont basketry is continuous from earlier local Archaic forms, so most archaeologists conclude that the culture arose mainly as the result of Mogollon influence on Great Basin hunter-gatherers. The Fremont theme has several variations, but there are common traits, including ceramics, clay figurines, petroglyphs styles, and settlement styles.

The Fremont tradition ended when droughts forced Fremont people to abandon their settlements and their traditional subsistence. Abandonment began as early as AD 950 in northeast Utah, but the Fremont tradition persisted four centuries longer around the marshlands of northwest Utah. Some were probably absorbed by Numic-speaking bands of hunter-gatherers that moved into the region from the southwest. Others migrated to the Southwest, the Plains, or northward into Idaho.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Utah.com. "Fremont Indian State Park Museum". Utah.com LC. Retrieved 2011-02-05. 
  2. ^ "Utah State Park 2011 Visitation". Utah State Parks Planning. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  3. ^ http://weeklysciencequiz.blogspot.com/2011/07/fremonts.html

External links[edit]

Media related to Fremont Indian State Park at Wikimedia Commons