French 75 (cocktail)

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French 75
IBA Official Cocktail
French 75.jpg
Type Wine cocktail
Primary alcohol by volume
Standard drinkware
Flute Glass.svg
Champagne flute
IBA specified ingredients*
  • 3cl gin
  • 2 dashes simple syrup
  • 1.5cl lemon juice
  • 6cl Champagne
Preparation Combine gin, syrup, and lemon juice in a cocktail shaker filled with ice. Shake vigorously and strain into an iced champagne glass. Top up with Champagne. Stir gently.

French 75 is a cocktail made from gin, Champagne, lemon juice, and sugar. It is also called a 75 Cocktail, or in French simply a Soixante Quinze (Seventy Five).

The drink was created in 1915 at the New York Bar in Paris—later Harry's New York Bar—by barman Harry MacElhone. The combination was said to have such a kick that it felt like being shelled with the powerful French 75mm field gun. The French 75 was popularized in America at the Stork Club in New York.

Similar drinks[edit]

The recipe of the French 75 is very similar to the one of the popular drink Tom Collins, with the Champagne replacing carbonated water. According to the recipe in Harry MacElhone's book Harry's ABC of Mixing Cocktails, a French 75 is supposed to be served in a Highball glass. The Highball glass, which the Tom Collins Cocktail is also served in, would support the theory of French 75 being a variation of the Tom Collins Cocktail.

Later variants of the French 75 use cognac, a French spirit, instead of gin.


The drink's recipe was first recorded in The Savoy Cocktail Book in 1930. The recipe in the Savoy Cocktail Book uses gin. A later cocktail book, The Fine Art of Mixing Drinks by David Embury, claims that the French 75 is a Cognac-based drink.

A fanciful alternative story of the invention of the French 75 was related by Jean Shepherd on November 17, 1969, wherein he credits Gervais Raoul Lufbery as the inventor. The mixture, as related by Shepherd, is Champagne and Cognac on ice with perhaps a twist of lemon.[1] This version is not credible, given the documented earlier version.