French Barracuda-class submarine

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For other ships of the same name, see Barracuda class submarine.
Barracuda class
Barracuda-Suffren.svg
Profile of the Barracuda type, with her pump-jet propeller and X-shaped stern planes.
Class overview
Name: Barracuda
Builders: DCNS
Operators:  French Navy
Preceded by: Rubis-class
Cost: €9.9bn[1](FY2013) for six boats
€1,300m[1](FY2013) per unit
Built: 2007-
In commission: 2017- (planned)
Building: 2
Planned: 6
Completed: 0
General characteristics
Type: Nuclear attack submarine
Displacement: 4,765 t surfaced
5,300 t submerged
Length: 99.4 m (326 ft)
Beam: 8.8 m (29 ft)
Draught: 7.3 m (24 ft)
Decks: 2
Propulsion: 2 turboreductors groups (10 MW propulsion alternator feeding electric engines)

Nuclear reactor K15, 150 MW
2 emergency electric engines

One pump jet
Speed: Over 25 kn (46 km/h; 29 mph)
14 kn (26 km/h; 16 mph), surfaced
Range: unlimited range, 10 years (nuclear)
Endurance: 70 days of food [2]
Complement: 12 officers
48 petty officers
Sensors and
processing systems:
SYCOBS
Armament: 4 × 533 mm tubes

including :

12 × MDCN SCALP Naval missiles
Exocet SM39 Block2 and missiles
20 × F21 Artemis heavy torpedoes[3]

The Barracuda-class (or Suffren-class) is a new nuclear attack submarine, designed by the French shipbuilder DCNS for the French Navy, replacing the Rubis-class submarines. Construction began in 2007 and the first unit will be commissioned in 2017.

Barracudas will use technology from the Triomphant-class, including pump jet propulsion. This class reportedly produces approximately 1/1000 of the detectable noise of the Redoutable-class boats (submarines), and they are ten times more sensitive in detecting other submarines.[4] They will be fitted with torpedo-tube-launched cruise missiles MDCN SCALP Naval for long-range (well above 1,000 km (620 mi)) strikes against strategic land targets. Their missions will include anti-surface and anti-submarine warfare, land attack, intelligence gathering, crisis management and special operations. The Barracuda type will use X-shaped stern planes.

The Barracuda-class nuclear reactor incorporates several improvements over that of the preceding Rubis. Notably, it extends the time between refuelling and complex overhauls (RCOHs) from 7 to 10 years, enabling higher at-sea availability.

In support of special operations missions, Barracuda's may also accommodate up to 12 commandos, while carrying their equipment in a mobile pod attached aft of the sail.[2]

On 22 December 2006 the French government placed a €7.9 billion order for six Barracuda submarines with DCNS and their nuclear powerplants with Areva-Technicatome.[5] According to the DGA “Competition at the subcontractor level will be open to foreign companies for the first time.”[6] The first submarine will be delivered in 2016. Alain Aupetit, DCNS's Barracuda programme director, said “The gap between the delivery of boats one and two will be two-and-a-half years.... After that, we will deliver one boat every two years through to the delivery of the last submarine in 2026.”

Boats[edit]

Pennant no. Name Laid down Launched Commissioned Homeport
Suffren 19 December 2007 Expected in 2016 Expected in Dec 2017[1] Toulon
Duguay-Trouin 26 June 2009 Expected end 2019[1] Toulon
Tourville 28 June 2011 Expected in 2021[1] Toulon
De Grasse Expected in 2023 Toulon
Duquesne Expected in 2025 Toulon
Dupetit-Thouars Expected in 2027 Toulon

The names have been selected for the Barracuda class. The first submarine will be called Suffren, and will be followed by Duguay-Trouin, Dupetit-Thouars, Duquesne, Tourville and De Grasse, the order of these five following submarines being subject to change.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Projet de loi de finances pour 2014 : Défense : équipement des forces et excellence technologique des industries de défense" (in French). Senate of France. 21 November 2013. Retrieved 2014-07-02. 
  2. ^ a b "France’s Future SSNs: The Barracuda Class". Defense Industry Daily. 28 October 2014. Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
  3. ^ "Nouvelle génération de torpille lourde pour la Marine nationale : la F21". DCNS. October 2008. Retrieved 20 May 2010. [dead link][dead link]
  4. ^ "SNLE-NG Le Triomphant". netmarine.net. Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
  5. ^ "France orders six 'Barracuda' class nuclear-driven submarines". Agence France Presse. 2006-12-22. 
  6. ^ Navy League of the United States - Citizens in Support of the Sea Services[dead link]
  7. ^ Les noms des futurs sous-marins nucléaires français dévoilés 30/05/2007

External links[edit]