French Barracuda-class submarine
Profile of the Barracuda type, with her pump-jet propeller and X-shaped stern planes.
|Cost:||€9.9bn(FY2013) for six boats
€1,300m(FY2013) per unit
|In commission:||2017- (planned)|
|Type:||Nuclear attack submarine|
|Displacement:||4,765 t surfaced
5,300 t submerged
|Length:||99.4 m (326 ft)|
|Beam:||8.8 m (29 ft)|
|Draught:||7.3 m (24 ft)|
|Propulsion:||2 turboreductors groups (10 MW propulsion alternator feeding electric engines)
Nuclear reactor K15, 150 MW
|Speed:||Over 25 kn (46 km/h; 29 mph)
14 kn (26 km/h; 16 mph), surfaced
|Range:||unlimited range, 10 years (nuclear)|
|Endurance:||70 days of food |
48 petty officers
|Armament:||4 × 533 mm tubes
including :12 × MDCN SCALP Naval missiles
Exocet SM39 Block2 and missiles
20 × F21 Artemis heavy torpedoes
The Barracuda-class (or Suffren-class) is a new nuclear attack submarine, designed by the French shipbuilder DCNS for the French Navy, replacing the Rubis-class submarines. Construction began in 2007 and the first unit will be commissioned in 2017.
Barracudas will use technology from the Triomphant-class, including pump jet propulsion. This class reportedly produces approximately 1/1000 of the detectable noise of the Redoutable-class boats (submarines), and they are ten times more sensitive in detecting other submarines. They will be fitted with torpedo-tube-launched cruise missiles MDCN SCALP Naval for long-range (well above 1,000 km (620 mi)) strikes against strategic land targets. Their missions will include anti-surface and anti-submarine warfare, land attack, intelligence gathering, crisis management and special operations. The Barracuda type will use X-shaped stern planes.
The Barracuda-class nuclear reactor incorporates several improvements over that of the preceding Rubis. Notably, it extends the time between refuelling and complex overhauls (RCOHs) from 7 to 10 years, enabling higher at-sea availability.
On 22 December 2006 the French government placed a €7.9 billion order for six Barracuda submarines with DCNS and their nuclear powerplants with Areva-Technicatome. According to the DGA “Competition at the subcontractor level will be open to foreign companies for the first time.” The first submarine will be delivered in 2016. Alain Aupetit, DCNS's Barracuda programme director, said “The gap between the delivery of boats one and two will be two-and-a-half years.... After that, we will deliver one boat every two years through to the delivery of the last submarine in 2026.”
|Pennant no.||Name||Laid down||Launched||Commissioned||Homeport|
|Suffren||19 December 2007||Expected in 2016||Expected in Dec 2017||Toulon|
|Duguay-Trouin||26 June 2009||Expected end 2019||Toulon|
|Tourville||28 June 2011||Expected in 2021||Toulon|
|De Grasse||Expected in 2023||Toulon|
|Duquesne||Expected in 2025||Toulon|
|Dupetit-Thouars||Expected in 2027||Toulon|
The names have been selected for the Barracuda class. The first submarine will be called Suffren, and will be followed by Duguay-Trouin, Dupetit-Thouars, Duquesne, Tourville and De Grasse, the order of these five following submarines being subject to change.
- Astute-class submarine, the latest in service with the British Navy, first launched in 2007
- Virginia-class submarine, the latest in service with the United States Navy, first launched in 2003
- Yasen-class submarine, the latest in service with the Russian Navy, first launched in 2010
- "Projet de loi de finances pour 2014 : Défense : équipement des forces et excellence technologique des industries de défense" (in French). Senate of France. 21 November 2013. Retrieved 2014-07-02.
- "France’s Future SSNs: The Barracuda Class". Defense Industry Daily. 28 October 2014. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
- "Nouvelle génération de torpille lourde pour la Marine nationale : la F21". DCNS. October 2008. Retrieved 20 May 2010.[dead link][dead link]
- "SNLE-NG Le Triomphant". netmarine.net. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
- "France orders six 'Barracuda' class nuclear-driven submarines". Agence France Presse. 2006-12-22.
- Navy League of the United States - Citizens in Support of the Sea Services[dead link]
- Les noms des futurs sous-marins nucléaires français dévoilés 30/05/2007
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Suffren class submarines.|
- DCN official site[dead link]
- France unveils plans for new Barracuda SSNs
- France’s Future SSNs: The Barracuda Class at Defense Industry Daily.