French Executive Commission of 1815

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
French Executive Commission of 1815
of France
Fouché, Joseph.jpg
Date formed 22 June 1815
Date dissolved 7 July 1815
People and organizations
Head of government Joseph Fouché
History
Previous French government of the Hundred Days
Successor Ministry of Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord

The French Executive Commission of 1815 replaced the French government of the Hundred Days that had been formed by Napoleon after his return from exile on Elba. It was formed on 22 June 1815 after Napoleon abdicated following his defeat at the Battle of Waterloo. Following the second Bourbon Restoration, on 9 July 1815 the Executive Commission was replaced by the Ministry of Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord.

Formation[edit]

On 12 June 1815 Napoleon left Paris for the north, where the allied forces of Britain and Prussia were assembling. He was defeated at the Battle of Waterloo on 18 June 1815.[1] Napoleon abdicated for the second time on 22 June 1815.[2] That day the two chambers nominated the members of the Executive Commission, which would serve as government until the second Bourbon Restoration.[3]

Members[edit]

The members of the commission named on 22 June 1815 were:[3]

Ministers[edit]

On 23 June 1815 new provisional commissioners were named to head four of the ministries:[3]

The other commissioners retained their positions.[3] They were:

Events[edit]

On 23 June 1815 Napoleon II was declared Emperor.[4] The allied troops under Wellington and Blucher advanced from the north and surrounded Paris. On 3 July 1815 the commissioners signed a capitulation of Paris to the allies.[5] With the capital and departments occupied by allied troops, the Executive Commission was unable to function and resigned on 7 July 1815.[6] The ministry of Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord took office on 9 July 1815.[7]

References[edit]

Citations

  1. ^ Muel 1891, p. 104-105.
  2. ^ Muel 1891, p. 112.
  3. ^ a b c d Muel 1891, p. 114.
  4. ^ Muel 1891, p. 115.
  5. ^ Muel 1891, p. 121.
  6. ^ Muel 1891, p. 123.
  7. ^ Muel 1891, p. 126.

Sources