French Executive Commission of 1815
|Date formed||22 June 1815|
|Date dissolved||7 July 1815|
|People and organizations|
|Head of government||Joseph Fouché|
|Previous||French government of the Hundred Days|
|Successor||Ministry of Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord|
The French Executive Commission of 1815 replaced the French government of the Hundred Days that had been formed by Napoleon after his return from exile on Elba. It was formed on 22 June 1815 after Napoleon abdicated following his defeat at the Battle of Waterloo. Following the second Bourbon Restoration, on 9 July 1815 the Executive Commission was replaced by the Ministry of Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord.
On 12 June 1815 Napoleon left Paris for the north, where the allied forces of Britain and Prussia were assembling. He was defeated at the Battle of Waterloo on 18 June 1815. Napoleon abdicated for the second time on 22 June 1815. That day the two chambers nominated the members of the Executive Commission, which would serve as government until the second Bourbon Restoration.
The members of the commission named on 22 June 1815 were:
- Joseph Fouché (President)
- Lazare Carnot
- Paul Grenier
- Armand Augustin Louis de Caulaincourt
- Nicolas Marie Quinette
On 23 June 1815 new provisional commissioners were named to head four of the ministries:
- Foreign Affairs: Louis Pierre Édouard, Baron Bignon
- Interior: Claude-Marie Carnot
- Police: Joseph Pelet de la Lozère
- Justice: Antoine Boulay de la Meurthe
The other commissioners retained their positions. They were:
- Finance: Martin-Michel-Charles Gaudin
- Treasury: Nicolas François, Count Mollien
- Navy and Colonies: Denis Decrès
- War: Louis-Nicolas Davout
On 23 June 1815 Napoleon II was declared Emperor. The allied troops under Wellington and Blucher advanced from the north and surrounded Paris. On 3 July 1815 the commissioners signed a capitulation of Paris to the allies. With the capital and departments occupied by allied troops, the Executive Commission was unable to function and resigned on 7 July 1815. The ministry of Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord took office on 9 July 1815.
- Muel, Léon (1891). Gouvernements, ministères et constitutions de la France depuis cent ans: Précis historique des révolutions, des crises ministérielles et gouvernementales, et des changements de constitutions de la France depuis 1789 jusqu'en 1890 .... Marchal et Billard. Retrieved 2014-04-22.