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|Dutch and Low
|"Dutch Low Saxon"|
|West Low Franconian|
|East Low Franconian|
French Flemish (Dutch: Frans-Vlaams, and flamand français or Fransch vlaemsch in France) is the West Flemish language as spoken in the north of contemporary France. Place names attest to Flemish having been spoken since the 8th century in the area that was ceded to France in the 17th century and which became known as French Flanders. Its dialect subgroup, called French Flemish, meanwhile, became a minority dialect that survives mainly in Dunkirk (Duinkerke in Dutch/Duunkerke in West Flemish = dune church), Bourbourg, Calais (Kales in Dutch), Saint-Omer (Sint-Omaars in Dutch) with an ethnic enclave Haut-Pont (Haute-Ponte) known for its predominantly Flemish community and Bailleul (Belle in Dutch). French-Flemish has about 20,000 daily users, and twice that number of occasional speakers. There has been an active movement to retain the West Flemish language in the region for the last three decades.
French Flemish is taught in a few schools in the French Westhoek. The ANVT-ILRF was given permission to carry out experimental lessons in four public schools (in Esquelbecq, Noordpeene, Volckerinckhove, Wormhout) for the school years of 2007-08 until 2010-11, after which it would be evaluated. Afterwards, all requirements were met but it was only allowed to continue them, but not to expand to other schools or to the collège. On the other hand, the private Catholic education began teaching Dutch in collèges in Gravelines and Hondschoote.
|Spoken in:||French Region Nord-Pas-de-Calais,
near border of Flanders, Belgium.
|Number of speakers:||France - 20 000 (mostly elder)|
- Burgundian Netherlands
- French Flanders
- French Netherlands
- Nord-Pas de Calais
- Seventeen Provinces
- "Flemish in France". UOC, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (Open University of Catalonia), subsite Euromosaic - Research Centre of Multilingualism. Retrieved 14 January 2007.
- "Le flamand fait son entrée dans deux collèges du Dunkerquois" (in French). 1 September 2011.
- Akademie voor Nuuze Vlaemsche Taele tries to regulate this language
- Flemish in France site UOC, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (Open University of Catalonia), subsite Euromosaic - Research Centre of Multilingualism.
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