French Union

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French Union
Union française

Flag Coat of arms
"Liberté, égalité, fraternité"
"Liberty, equality, brotherhood"
La Marseillaise
Territories of the French Union.
Capital Paris
Languages French
Political structure State union
Historical era Cold War
 -  Fourth Republic October 27, 1946
 -  Fifth Republic October 5, 1958
Currency French franc
CFA franc
CFP franc
French Indochinese piastre
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Provisional Government of the French Republic
French Community
Kingdom of Laos
State of Vietnam
North Vietnam
Kingdom of Cambodia
French Guinea

The French Union (French: Union française) was a political entity created by the French Fourth Republic to replace the old French colonial system, the "French Empire" (Empire Français). It was the formal end of the "indigenous" (indigène) status of French subjects in colonial areas.


Established by the French constitution of October 27, 1946 (Fourth Republic), it endured until 1958, when it was replaced by the French Community by Charles de Gaulle's Fifth Republic.


The Union Francais included France, French overseas départements, territories, settlements, United Nations trusteeships (Cameroun, etc.), French colonies (which became overseas départements of France) and associate states (protectorates) which became autonomous.

Withdrawals from the French Union[edit]

  • Cambodia withdrew on 25 September 1955.[1]
  • South Vietnam withdrew on 9 December 1955.[2]
  • Morocco withdrew on 2 March 1956 on becoming independent.
  • Tunisia withdrew on 20 March 1956 on becoming independent.
  • Laos withdrew on 11 May 1957 by amending its constitution.[3]

See also[edit]