French cruiser Montcalm (1900)

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For other ships of the same name, see French ship Montcalm.
Montcalm
Montcalm Marius Bar.jpg
French armoured cruiser Montcalm
Career (France)
Namesake: Louis-Joseph de Montcalm
Builder: Forges et Chantiers de la Méditerranée
Laid down: 27 September 1898
Launched: 27 March 1900
Commissioned: 24 March 1902
Fate: Scrapped in 1943
General characteristics
Class & type: Gueydon class armoured cruiser
Displacement: 9516 tonnes
Length: 139.90 m (459.0 ft)
Propulsion: 3 engines and 3 propellers, 21,500 hp (16,000 kW)
Speed: 21.4 knots (39.6 km/h; 24.6 mph)
Armament:

2 × 194mm/40 Modèle 1893 guns
8 × 163mm/45 Modèle 1893 guns
4 × 100 mm guns
16 × 47 mm guns

2 × torpedo launchers

The Montcalm was an armoured cruiser of the French Navy.

Built in at Forges et Chantiers de la Méditerranée in La-Seyne-sur-Mer from 27 September 1898, she was launched on 27 March 1900 and was commissioned on 24 March 1902, before completing her trials, to ferry the President of the Republic, Émile Loubet, to Russia. She arrived in Kronstadt on 20 May 1902, receiving Tsar Nicholas II for lunch aboard on the 23rd.

After the outbreak of WWI, Montcalm took part in the Australian capture of Rabaul in September 1914.[1]

She later cruised in the China Sea,[disambiguation needed] notably ferrying Marshal Joseph Joffre in November 1921.

She was decommissioned on the 28 October 1926 and used as a school ship hulk, Tremintin, in 1934. She was still docked in Brest in 1940 and was destroyed during the Occupation in 1943.

Montcalm in Sydney Harbour, ca. 1914

References[edit]

  1. ^ Details in the Australian Official History of the 1914-18 War, Volume Ten. There was some comment on the profile of the ship, bows and stern sections effectively identical, it being thought that this was an attempt to confuse enemy range-finders.