Français langue étrangère

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FLE is the acronym for the French Français langue étrangère or "French as a foreign language," similar to EFL. There is no single test like the TOEFL, but instead a variety of possible tests used to measure language proficiency of non-francophones in non-francophone countries. It is specifically different from Français langue seconde (FLS) which is used when referring to prospective immigrants to francophone countries.

Diplomas, Certifications and Examinations[edit]

The Centre international d'études pédagogiques (CIEP) of the French Ministry of Education offers three diplomas and an examination. The Diplôme Initial de Langue Française (DILF), DELF and DALF certify a certain level of French, and the Test de connaissance du français (TCF) to demonstrate language proficiency for university admission.

The Alliance française offers 2 certificates and 2 diplomas: Certificat d’Études de Français Pratique 1 and 2 (CEFP1 and CEFP2), the Diplôme de Langue (DL) and the Diplôme Supérieur Langue et Culture Françaises (DSLCF).

The Paris Chamber of Commerce (Chambre de commerce et d'industrie de Paris or CCIP) offers a variety of diplomas as well as the Test d'évaluation du français (TEF).

The Agency for promoting French as a foreign language is editing a General Directory listing all the French language schools in France available at the following address :

Details about FLE (French) :

French learning material :

See also[edit]

Language terminology[edit]

General language teaching and learning[edit]

English language teaching and learning[edit]