Français langue étrangère
FLE is the acronym for the French Français langue étrangère or "French as a foreign language," similar to EFL. There is no single test like the TOEFL, but instead a variety of possible tests used to measure language proficiency of non-francophones in non-francophone countries. It is specifically different from Français langue seconde (FLS) which is used when referring to prospective immigrants to francophone countries.
Diplomas, Certifications and Examinations
The Centre international d'études pédagogiques (CIEP) of the French Ministry of Education offers three diplomas and an examination. The Diplôme Initial de Langue Française (DILF), DELF and DALF certify a certain level of French, and the Test de connaissance du français (TCF) to demonstrate language proficiency for university admission.
The Alliance française offers 2 certificates and 2 diplomas: Certificat d’Études de Français Pratique 1 and 2 (CEFP1 and CEFP2), the Diplôme de Langue (DL) and the Diplôme Supérieur Langue et Culture Françaises (DSLCF).
The Agency for promoting French as a foreign language is editing a General Directory listing all the French language schools in France available at the following address : http://www.fle.fr
Details about FLE (French) : http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fran%C3%A7ais_langue_%C3%A9trang%C3%A8re
French learning material : http://www.lepointdufle.net/french-learning-material.htm
General language teaching and learning
English language teaching and learning
- See English language learning and teaching for equivalent tests for English-language equivalents for these circumstances.