French cruiser Jeanne d'Arc (1930)
Jeanne d'Arc in 1935
|Laid down:||September 1928|
|Christened:||14 February 1930|
|Length:||170 m (560 ft)|
|Beam:||17.70 m (58.1 ft)|
|Draught:||6.50 m (21.3 ft)|
|Propulsion:||fuel boilers and turbines, 32500 HP|
|Speed:||25 knots (46 km/h; 29 mph) (27.8 on trials)|
|Range:||5,000 mi (4,300 nmi; 8,000 km)[vague] at 14.5 knots|
120 petty officers
|Armament:||8 155 mm (6.1") guns in 4 double turrets (2 bow, 2 aft)
4 75 mm (2.95") guns,
|Aircraft carried:||2 CAMS reconnaissance airplanes|
The Jeanne d'Arc was a school cruiser of the French Navy, the second ship to bear the name.
She was built in Saint-Nazaire in only two years, on plans by engineer Antoine. She was designed both as a school ship, and a fully capable warship.
In 1931, the Jeanne d'Arc departed for her first cruise under capitaine de vaisseau André Marquis. As a prestige ship, she toured countries of South America where France wanted to increase her influence. The cruiser visited some of the Black Sea states in 1932.
A log of the ship and the nautical calculation notebook from 1937 can both be found at the "Mircea cel Batran" Naval Academy Museum in Constanța, Romania. During that time, the ship undertook an instruction voyage around the earth, and the lieutenant kept a very rich log, illustrated with photographs.
During the Second World War, the Jeanne d'Arc was assigned to the West Atlantic Naval Division, taking part in blockading German cargo ships in neutral harbours. In late May 1940, along with the Émile-Bertin, she departed from Brest for Canada with a cargo of gold from the Bank of France, under the command of Rear Admiral Rouyer. After an Atlantic rendezvous with the aircraft carrier Béarn, the flotilla reached Halifax safely . The Jeanne d'Arc then went to the French West Indies, to stay harboured in the Martinique until July 1943.
In 1943, the Jeanne d'Arc joined the Free French. In December, she took part in operations in Corsica and in Operation Dragoon. She was mentioned in despatches at the order of the Army for services rendered during the war.
She later resumed her service as school cruiser with 27 cruises around the world, before being decommissioned in 1964.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jeanne d'Arc (ship, 1930).|
- Чонев, Чони. Корабите, том V, София 1997, с. 152 (Chonev, Choni. The ships, vol. 5, Sofia 1997, p. 152)
- Draper, Alfred Operation Fish The Race to Save Europe's Wealth 1939-1945 London Cassell 1979 ISBN 0-304-30068-3 pp174-8
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