French frigate Hermione (1779)

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For other ships of the same name, see French ship Hermione.
Hermione in the Naval battle of Louisbourg, by Auguste-Louis de Rossel de Cercy
Hermione in the Naval battle of Louisbourg, by Auguste-Louis de Rossel de Cercy
Career (France) French Navy Ensign French Navy Ensign
Name: Hermione
Builder: Rochefort[1]
Laid down: March 1778[1]
Launched: 28 April 1779[1]
In service: June 1779[1]
Fate: Ran aground and wrecked due to a navigation error of her pilot at Croisic on 20 September 1793[1]
General characteristics
Class & type: Concorde class 12-pounder frigate
Displacement: 550 tons; 1160 ton burthen[1]
Length: 44.2 m (145 ft)[1]
Beam: 11.24 m (36.9 ft)[1]
Draught: 5.78 m (19.0 ft)[1]
Complement: 255
Armament: 32 guns:

The Hermione was a 12-pounder Concorde class frigate of the French Navy. She became famous when she ferried General Lafayette to the United States in 1780 to allow him to rejoin the American side in the American Revolutionary War. She grounded and was wrecked in 1793.

In 1997, construction of a replica ship started in Rochefort, Charente-Maritime, France; the new ship is named French frigate Hermione.

Career[edit]

Hermione in action at the Naval battle of Louisbourg, 21 July 1781.

Hermione was built in eleven months at Rochefort, by the shipwright Henri Chevillard as a light (French: légère) frigate, fast and maneuverable. Between May and December 1779 she underwent successful sea trials in the Gulf of Gascony under the command of Lieutenant de Latouche.

General La Fayette embarked at Rochefort on 11 March 1780 and arrived in Boston on 28 April carrying the then-secret news that he had secured French reinforcements (5,500 men and 5 frigates) for Washington. She got underway again on 2 June and suffered serious damage in the fierce but indecisive Action of 7 June 1780 against the 32-gun HMS Iris, under James Hawker.

Hermione received the American Congress on board in May 1781. She fought several times in company with the Astrée, commanded by Lapérouse, especially at the Naval battle of Louisbourg on 21 July 1781.

After the end of the American Revolutionary War, Hermione returned to France in February 1782. She then formed part of a squadron sent to India to help Suffren against the British. However peace was declared and the ship returned to Rochefort in April 1784.

Fate[edit]

Again in service against the British, on 20 September 1793,[2] she ran aground off Croisic, and was then wrecked by heavy seas. The court-martial consecutive to the wreck found her pilot, Guillaume Guillemin du Conquet, responsible for her loss; her commanding officer, Captain Martin, was honourably acquitted.[1]

Reconstruction[edit]

In 1997 a reconstruction project started in Rochefort. The new ship is named L'Hermione.

In April 2015, a full-size replica of the Hermione frigate plans to make a return voyage to the United States from Rochefort, France, according to a November 10, 2013 report in The New York Times. The ship will stop at ports from Yorktown, Mount Vernon and Philadelphia to New York and Boston. She will make her final U.S. stop in Castine, Maine, on Bastille Day, before heading to Halifax and back to France. L'Hermione’s itinerary is meant to reaffirm the historic relationship between the United States and France.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Roche, p.241
  2. ^ Troude, vol.2, p.290

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]