French legislative election, 1968

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French legislative election, 1968
France
1967 ←
23 June and 30 June 1968
→ 1973

All 487 seats to the French National Assembly
244 seats were needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  Georges Pompidou - Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F020538-0006.jpg Reagan Mitterrand 1984 (cropped).jpg Waldeck Rochet.jpg
Leader Georges Pompidou François Mitterrand Waldeck Rochet
Party UDR FGDS PCF
Leader's seat Cantal-2nd Nièvre-3rd Seine-Saint-Denis-3rd
Last election 243 seats 117 seats 73 seats
Seats won 354 57 34
Seat change +111 -60 -39
Popular vote 9,667,532 (1st round)
6,762,170 (2nd round)
3,660,250 (1st round)
2,935,775 (2nd round)
4,434,832 (1st round)
4,893,876 (2nd round)
Percentage 43.65% (1st round)
46.39% (2nd round)
16.53% (1st round)
20.14% (2nd round)
20.02% (1st round)
20.86% (2nd round)

PM before election

Georges Pompidou
UDR

Elected PM

Maurice Couve de Murville
UDR

Armoiries république française.svg
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French legislative elections took place on 23 and 30 June 1968 to elect the 4th French National Assembly of the Fifth Republic. They were held in the aftermath of the events of May 1968. On 30 May 1968, in a radio speech, President Charles de Gaulle, who had vanished for three days (he was in Baden-Baden, Germany), announced the dissolution of the National Assembly, and a new legislative election, by way of restoring order.

While the workers went back to their jobs, Prime Minister Georges Pompidou campaigned for the "defence of the Republic" in the face of the "communist threat" and called for the "silent majority" to make themselves heard. The Left was divided. The Communists reproached the Federation of the Democratic and Socialist Left (FGDS) leader François Mitterrand for not having consulted it before he announced his candidacy in the next presidential election, and for the formation of a provisional government led by Pierre Mendès-France. The Far-Left and the Unified Socialist Party protested against the passivity of the left-wing parties. The Gaullist Union for the Defence of the Republic became the first party in the French Republic's history to obtain an absolute parliamentary majority. The FGDS disintegrated.

However, the relation between the two heads of the executive power had deteriorated during the crisis. One month later, Georges Pompidou resigned and was replaced by Maurice Couve de Murville.

Results[edit]

e • d 
Parties and coalitions 1st round 2nd round Total seats
Votes % Votes %
Union for the Defense of the Republic (Union pour la défense de la République) - Independent Republicans (Républicains indépendants) UDR-RI 9,667,532 43.65 6,762,170 46.39 354
  • 293
  • 61
Progress and Modern Democracy (Progrès et démocratie moderne) PDM 2,289,849 10.34 1,141,305 7.83 33
Miscellaneous Right DVD 917,758 4.14 496,463 3.41 9
Total Right ("Presidential Majority" and PDM) 12,875,139 58.13 8,399,938 57.62 396
French Communist Party (Parti communiste français) PCF 4,434,832 20.02 2,935,775 20.14 34
Federation of the Democratic and Socialist Left (Fédération de la gauche démocrate et socialiste) FGDS 3,660,250 16.53 3,097,338 21.25 57
Unified Socialist Party (Parti socialiste unifié) PSU 1,037,063 4.29 144,361 0.99 -
Total Left 9,132,145 40.84 6,177,474 42.38 91
Miscellaneous 111,195 0.50 - - -
Republican Alliance for the Progress and Liberties (Alliance républicaine pour le progrès et les libertés) ARPL 28,736 0.13 - - -
Total 23,751,213 100.00 14,577,412 100.00 487
Abstention: 20.04% (1st round); 22.17% (2nd round)
Popular vote (first round)
UDR-RI
  
43.65%
PCF
  
20.02%
FGDS
  
16.53%
PDM
  
10.34%
PSU
  
4.68%
DVD
  
4.14%
Others
  
0.63%

4th National Assembly by Parliamentary Group[edit]

Group Members Caucusing Total
  UDR Group 270 23 293
  Independent Republicans Group 57 4 61
  FGDS Group 57 0 57
  Communist Group 33 1 34
  Progress and Modern Democracy Group 30 3 33
  Non-Inscrits 9 0 9
Total: 456 31 487