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The front cover of a contemporary French electronic passport
The data page of a contemporary French biometric passport
|Date first issued||April 12, 2006 (biometric passport)
October 28, 2008 (current version)
|Type of document||Passport|
|Eligibility requirements||French citizenship|
|Expiration||5 years after issuance for citizens under the age of 18; 10 years for adults|
French passports (in French: Passeports français) are identity documents issued to French citizens. Besides enabling the bearer to travel internationally and serving as indication of French citizenship (but not proof; the possession of a French passport only establishes the presumption of French citizenship according to French law), the passport facilitates the process of securing assistance from French consular officials abroad or other European Union member states in case a French consular is absent, if needed.
According to the Henley Visa Restrictions Index 2013, French citizens can visit 170 countries without a visa or with a visa granted on arrival. French citizens can live and work in any country within the EU as a result of the right of free movement and residence granted in Article 21 of the EU Treaty.
Passports are valid for 10 years for applicants aged 18 or over and 5 years for applicants under the age of 18. Optical passports (older) have no sign under the word "Passeport" on the front page. Electronic passport contains an embedded chip and have the chip logo under the word "Passeport". Biometric passeports are the most recent ones and are decorated as the electronic passports but the word "Passeport" is underligned. The 3 types of passport are shown above.
Unlike those from most other EU countries which are burgundy, ordinary passports have a Bordeaux-red front cover, with the French Coat of arms emblazoned in the center of the front cover. The word "PASSEPORT" (English: Passport) is inscribed below the coat of arms and "Union européenne" (English: European Union), "République française" (English: French Republic) above. The “e-passport” cover has a microchip symbol at the bottom. On biometric variant of e-passports, the word "PASSEPORT" is underlined. French passports use the standard EU design, with the standard passport containing 32 pages.
Identity information page
The biodata page includes the following data:
- Photo of Passport Holder
- Type (P)
- Code (FRA)
- Passport No.
- Surname (1)
- Given Names (2)
- Nationality (Française) (3)
- Date of Birth (4)
- Sex (5)
- Place of Birth (6)
- Date of Issue (7)
- Date of Expiry (8)
- Authority (9)
- Holder's Signature (10)
- Height (12)
- Colour of Eyes (13)
- Residence (15) - Page 36
The information page ends with the Machine Readable Zone starting with P<FRA.
- Treaty on the Function of the European Union (consolidated version)
- Images of a 1953 French passport from www.passportland.com
- Images of a 1971 (different type) French passport from www.passportland.com
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