French ship Éole (1789)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other ships of the same name, see French ship Éole.
the Achille
Scale model of the Achille, sister-ship of French ship Éole (1789), on display at the Musée de la Marine in Paris.
Career (France) French Navy Ensign
Name: Éole
Namesake: Aeolus
Builder: Lorient
Laid down: 1 June 1787
Launched: 15 November 1789
Commissioned: August 1790
Fate: Broken up in Baltimore in 1816
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Téméraire-class ship of the line
Displacement: 2,966 tonnes
5,260 tonnes fully loaded
Length: 55.87 metres (183.3 ft) (172 pied)
Beam: 14.90 metres (48 ft 11 in)
Draught: 7.26 metres (23.8 ft) (22 pied)
Propulsion: Up to 2,485 m2 (26,750 sq ft) of sails
Armament: 74 guns:
16 × 8-pounder long guns
4 × 36-pounder carronades
Armour: Timber

Éole was a Téméraire class 74-gun ship of the line of the French Navy.

Between 1791 and 1793, she was based in Saint-Domingue. She took part in the Glorious First of June, where she and Trajan dismasted HMS Bellerophon.

She later took part in the Expédition d'Irlande, an ill-fated attempt to invade Ireland.

On 19 August 1806, during the Atlantic campaign of 1806, she was dismasted by a tempest off Martinique, and had to be taken in tow by American ships to Annapolis. She was eventually condemned in 1811, and broken up in 1816.

Several of her 36-pounder long guns were loaned to Fort McHenry in 1813 and used in the defence of Baltimore in September 1814.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Clouet, Alain (2007). "La marine de Napoléon III : classe Téméraire - caractéristiques". (in French). Retrieved 4 April 2013.