French ship Cassard (1803)
Vétéran (sister-ship of Cassard) escaping into the shallow waters of Concarneau harbour. Painting by Michel Bouquet, on display at Brest Fine arts museum.
|Name:||Lion, Glorieux, Cassard|
|Laid down:||26 August 1793|
|Launched:||24 September 1793, as Lion|
|In service:||December 1803|
|Renamed:||Glorieux, February 1798
Cassard, March 1798
|Fate:||Broken up, 1832|
|General characteristics |
|Class & type:||Téméraire-class ship of the line|
5,260 tonnes fully loaded
|Length:||56.47 metres (185.3 ft) (174 pied)|
|Beam:||15.05 metres (49.4 ft)|
|Draught:||7.26 metres (23.8 ft) (22 pied)|
|Propulsion:||Up to 2,485 m2 (26,750 sq ft) of sails|
Cassard was an improved Téméraire class 74-gun ship of the line of the French Navy. Along with her sister-ship Vétéran, she carried 24-pounder long guns on her upper deck, a featured normally reserved for the larger, three-deckers capital ships or for 80-gun ships.
Completed as Lion, she took part in the Expédition d'Irlande in December 1796. On 24 February 1798, she was renamed to Glorieux, and eventually to Cassard the next month.
Under Commodore Gilbert-Amable Faure, she took part in the Atlantic campaign of 1806 in Willaumez' squadron, taking two prizes on the way. She was separated from the rest of the fleet in the August hurricane, and returned to Brest on 13 October.
She took part in Willaumez' attempt to rescue blockaded ships from Lorient and anchored in Rochefort, where she took part in the Battle of the Basque Roads in April 1809. During the battle, she attempted to escape into Rochefort harbour, ran aground, and was refloated by throwing part of her guns overboard. She remained deactivated in Rochefort.
She was eventually condemned in May 1818, and used as a coal hulk in Rochefort, before being broken up in 1832.
- Clouet, Alain (2007). "La marine de Napoléon III : classe Téméraire - caractéristiques". dossiersmarine.free.fr. Retrieved 4 April 2013.
- Roche, Jean-Michel (2005). Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours 1 1671 - 1870. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922.[page needed][self-published source?]
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