French ship Friedland (1840)

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For other ships of the same name, see French ship Friedland.
Lebreton engraving-05.jpg
The Friedland in tow of a steamer, after she ran aground near Constantinople
Career (France) French Navy Ensign French Navy Ensign French Navy Ensign
Namesake: Battle of Friedland
Builder: Cherbourg
Laid down: 1 May 1812
Launched: 4 March 1840
Commissioned: 5 October 1840
Struck: 31 December 1864
General characteristics
Class & type: Océan class ship of the line
Displacement: 5 302 tonnes
Length: 65.18 m (213.8 ft) (196,6 French feet)
Beam: 16.24 m (53.3 ft) (50 French feet)
Draught: 8.12 m (26.6 ft) (25 French feet)
Propulsion: sail, 3 265 m²
one-shaft steam engine, 1581 shp
Speed: 10.6 knots (19.6 km/h; 12.2 mph)
Complement: 1 079 men
Armament: Rated as 120-gun:

lower deck: 32 36-pounder guns
middle deck: 34 24-pounder guns
upper deck: 34 18-pounder guns

forecastle: 18 8-pounder guns, 6 36-pounder carronades
Armour: Timber

The Friedland was an Océan class 118-gun ship of the line of the French Navy.


Her keel was laid down in Cherbourg in 1812 as Inflexibe. During her construction, she was renamed Friedland, Duc de Bordeaux during the Bourbon Restoration, Friedland again briefly during the Hundred Days and back to Duc de Bordeaux thereafter. On 9 October 1830, following the July Revolution, she took her name of Friedland. She was finally launched on 4 March 1840.

She was decommissioned from 1852 to 1853, when she took back service and served in the Crimean war. In 1857, work was undertaken to convert her to a steam and sail ship, but the conversion was aborted in February 1858 and the engine was eventually installed on the Turenne.

From March 1865, she was used as barracks hulk in Toulon, as Colosse.

Notes and references[edit]




  • Roche, Jean-Michel (2005). Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours, 1671 - 1870. Group Retozel-Maury Millau. p. 215. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922.