French ship Tigre (1793)

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the Achille
Scale model of the Achille, sister-ship of French ship Tigre (1793), on display at the Musée de la Marine in Paris.
Career (France) French Navy Ensign French Navy Ensign
Name: Tigre
Namesake: Tiger
Builder: Brest
Laid down: 1790
Launched: 8 May 1793
Captured: 22 June 1795
Career (UK) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: Tigre
Acquired: 22 June 1795 by capture
Honours and
awards:
Naval General Service Medal with clasp "Egypt"[1]
Fate: Broken up in June 1817.
General characteristics
Class & type: Téméraire class ship of the line
Displacement: 2966 tonnes
5260 tonnes fully loaded
Length: 55.87 metres (183.3 ft) (172 pied)
Beam: 14.90 metres (48 ft 11 in)
Draught: 7.26 metres (23.8 ft) (22 pied)
Propulsion: Up to 2,485 m2 (26,750 sq ft) of sails
Armament: Lower gundeck: 28 × 36-pounder long guns

Upper gundeck: 30 × 18-pounder long guns

Fc and QD: 16 × 8-pounder long guns + 4 × 36-pounder carronades
Armour: Timber

Tigre was a 74-gun ship of the line of the French Navy.

French service[edit]

Her first captain was Pierre Jean Van Stabel. When Van Stabel was promoted, she became the flagship of his 6-ship squadron. She notably fought in 1793 to rescue the Sémillante, along with the Jean Bart.

Under Jacques Bedout, she took part in the Battle of Groix where she was captured by the British. She was recommissioned in the Royal Navy as HMS Tigre.

British service[edit]

Under the Royal Navy she assisted in the defense of Acre during Napoleon's siege.

Because Tigre served in the navy's Egyptian campaign between 8 March 1801 and 2 September, her officers and crew qualified for the clasp "Egypt" to the Naval General Service Medal that the Admiralty authorised in 1850 for all surviving claimants.[Note 1]

After the battle of Trafalgar on 21 October 1805, Tigre continued in the blockade of Cadiz. On 25 November, Thunderer detained the Ragusan ship Nemesis, which was sailing from Isle de France to Leghorn, Italy, with a cargo of spice, indigo dye, and other goods.[3] Tigre shared the prize money with ten other British warships.[4]

Fate[edit]

She was eventually broken up in June 1817.

Notes and citations[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A first-class share of the prize money awarded in April 1823 was worth £34 2s 4d; a fifth-class share, that of an able seaman, was worth 3s 11½d. The amount was small as the total had to be shared between 79 vessels and the entire army contingent.[2]
Citations

References[edit]

Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) [1969]. Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475. 

External links[edit]