French ship Valmy
The Valmy, by then renamed Borda, serving as a school ship
|Namesake:||Jean-Charles de Borda|
|Builder:||Brest shipyard. Plans by Leroux|
|Laid down:||1 March 1838|
|Launched:||25 September 1847|
renamed Borda on 18 August 1863
|Fate:||Scrapped in 1891|
|Class & type:||1st rate ship of the line|
|Length:||64.05 m at the waterline|
120 guns, including:
Valmy was laid down at Brest in 1838 as Formidable and launched in 1847. When she entered service in 1849, she was the largest warship in the world and would remain so until 1853, when the British three-decker Duke Of Wellington (6,071 tons and converted to steam power while on the stocks) entered service, but she would remain the largest sailing three-decker ever built. Unlike most similar ships, that featured a pronounced tumblehome, she had vertical sides; this significantly increased the space available for upper batteries, but reduced the stability of the ship; wooden stabilisers were added under the waterline to address the issue.
Valmy was thought to be the largest sort of sailing ship possible, as larger dimensions made the management of rigging impracticable with mere manpower.
She was engaged in the Crimean War, where she proved difficult to manoeuvre and, like other sailing vessels, often had to be towed by steam ships. During the bombardment of Sevastopol, the only time she fired her guns in anger, she was towed by the new steam two-decker Napoléon.
She returned to Brest in 1855, where she was disarmed. She was used as a school ship for the French Naval Academy from 1864 under the name Borda. She took back her old name of Intrépide one year before being stricken from the navy list in 1891. She was scrapped soon afterwards.
The name Valmy was later re-used for a Guépard class destroyer, launched in 1927 and scuttled in 1942.
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Sources and references
- Roche, Jean-Michel (2005). Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours 1 1671 - 1870. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922.[page needed][self-published source?]
- (French) dossiersmarine.free.fr
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