French submarine Favorite (Q195)
Model of the Africaine (Q196), sister-ship of the Favorite
|Captured:||by Nazi Germany in June 1940|
|Career (Nazi Germany)|
|Decommissioned:||5 July 1944|
|Fate:||scuttled at Gotenhafen in 1945.|
|Class & type:||Aurore class submarine|
|Displacement:||900 tonnes surfaced
1170 tonnes submerged
|Length:||73.5 m (241 ft)|
|Beam:||6.5 m (21 ft)|
|Draught:||4.2 m (14 ft)|
|Propulsion:||Diesel: 3000 shp (2237 KW)
1400 shp (1044 KW) electrical
|Speed:||15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph) surfaced
9 knots submerged
|Range:||5,600 nmi (10,400 km; 6,400 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph)
2250 nmi at 15 knots
|Test depth:||100 m|
|Armament:||1 × 100 mm deck gun
2 × 13.2 mm machine guns
The Favorite was laid down in 1937 in Rouen, and launched in September 1938. She never participated in any patrols with the French Navy.
After her capture, she was commissioned into Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine on 5 November 1942 and used as a training ship in the 5th Flotilla (Kiel) from November 1942 to October 1943, as well as in the U-Abwehrschule (Bergen), from November 1943 to July 1944.
The submarine was initially commanded by Korvettenkapitän Georg Lange, who served from November 1942 to October 1943. He lost command due to the loss of the boat.[clarification needed] Oberleutnant zur See Heinrich Gehrken, served from the time Georg Lange lost the boat, until July 1944.
- Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2.
- Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4.