Frenulum of prepuce of penis

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Frenulum of prepuce of penis
Frein du prépuce.jpg
Latin Frenulum praeputii penis
Gray's p.1250
Anatomical terminology

The word frenulum on its own is often used for the frenulum of prepuce of penis, which is an elastic band of tissue under the glans penis that connects to the prepuce, or foreskin, to the vernal mucosa, and helps contract the prepuce over the glans.[1] In the event of frenulum breve or frenular chordee, or to ensure that the glans can be freely and completely exposed, the frenulum may be partially or totally removed.[2][3][4]

Sensitivity[edit]

The frenulum and the associated tissue delta on the underside of the penis below the corona has been described in sexuality textbooks as "very reactive" and "particularly responsive to touch that is light and soft." The “underside of the shaft of the penis, meaning the body below the corona” is a “source of distinct pleasure.”[5] Crooks and Baur observe that two extremely sensitive specific locations that many men find particularly responsive to stimulation are the corona, and the frenulum.[6] Repeated stimulation of this structure will cause orgasm and ejaculation in some men.

In men with spinal cord injury preventing sensations from reaching the brain, the frenulum just below the glans can be stimulated to produce orgasm and peri-ejaculatory response.[7][8]

Pathology[edit]

Frenulum breve is the condition in which the frenulum of the penis is short and restricts the movement of the prepuce, which may or may not interfere with normal sexual activity. The condition can be treated by frenuloplasty, frenectomy, or circumcision.

The frenulum may be entirely missing in cases of first degree Hypospadias.

Frenulum breve may contribute to frenular chordee, where the glans is pulled toward the vernal body of the penis.

It is possible for the frenulum of the penis to tear during sexual activity. The frenular artery may be severed, causing significant bleeding.

Frenulum Breve may also be treated by manually expanding the shaft skin by stretching.[citation needed]

The frenulum is often crushed and cut away, or broken during infant circumcisions.[citation needed]

Penis frenectomy[edit]

A frenectomy can be performed to remove the frenulum from the penis, which is a treatment for frenulum breve or frenular chordee.[9] This is a form of genital frenectomy. The frenulum may be cut when a male is circumcised. This may also reduce the size of the frenular delta. The frenulum was reported to be cut in 26.7%, 20%, and 33.33% of circumcised patients in various surveys.[9][10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jensen, Christian (2011). Can I Just Ask?. Hay House. p. 58. ISBN 9781848502468. 
  2. ^ Griffin, AS; Kroovand, R. (1990). "Frenular chordee: implications and treatment". Urology 35 (2): 133–4. doi:10.1016/0090-4295(90)80060-Z. PMID 2305537. 
  3. ^ Preiser, G; Herschel;, M.; Bartman;, T.; Andersson;, C.; Bailis;, S. A.; Shechet, R. J.; Tanenbaum;, B.; Kunin;, S. A.; Hodges, F. M.; Fleiss;, P. M.; Antonopoulos;, J.; Rockney, R.; Taylor;, A.; Stang, H.; Snellman, L.; Fontaine, P.; Condon;, L. M.; Lannon, C. M. (2000). "Circumcision--the debates goes on". Pediatrics 105 (3 Pt 1): 681–684. doi:10.1542/peds.105.3.681. PMID 10733391. 
  4. ^ "Neonatal Circumcision: An Audiovisual Primer". Stanford School of Medicine. 
  5. ^ Hass, K.; Hass, A. (1993). Understanding Sexuality. St Louis: Mosby. pp. 99–100. ISBN 0801667488. 
  6. ^ Crooks, R.; Baur, K. (1993). Our Sexuality (5th ed.). Redwood City: Benjamin/Cummings. p. 129. ISBN 0-534-59567-7. 
  7. ^ Saulino, Michael F. (2006). "Rehabilitation of Persons With Spinal Cord Injuries". WebMD. 
  8. ^ Pryor, JL; Leroy, Suzanne C.; Nagel, Theodore C.; Hensleigh, Hugh C. (1995). "Vibratory stimulation for treatment of anejaculation in quadriplegic men". Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation 76 (1): 59–64. doi:10.1016/S0003-9993(95)80044-1. PMID 7811177. 
  9. ^ a b Griffin AS, Kroovand RL (1990). "Frenular chordee: implications and treatment". Urology 35 (2): 133–4. doi:10.1016/0090-4295(90)80060-Z. PMID 2305537. 
  10. ^ http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/reprint/105/3/681.pdf#search=%22%20Frenular%20chordee%22

External links[edit]

  • McGrath, Ken (2001). "The Frenular Delta". In Denniston GC, Hodges FM, Milos MF. Understanding Circumcision: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach to a Multi-Dimensional Problem. New York: Kluwer. ISBN 978-0306467011.