Fresno Bulldogs

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Fresno Bulldogs
Founded 1980s
Founding location Fresno, California
Years active 1980s – present
Territory Central California
Ethnicity Predominately Mexican American
Membership 6,000 but the Fresno Police Department estimate that number is as high as 12,000 in the city.[1]
Criminal activities Murder, drug trafficking, Identity theft, assault, theft, robbery, arms trafficking.[2][3]
Rivals Mexican Mafia, Nortenos, Nuestra Familia, Surenos

The Fresno Bulldogs, also known by the abbreviations F-14 FBD, 624 and BDS,[4] are a primarily Mexican American criminal street gang located in Fresno, California. They are considered to be one of the largest Hispanic gangs in Central California with membership estimated to be between 6,000 to 12,000 in the city of Fresno alone. They are engaged in a wide range of criminal activity and have been subject to many high-profile cases over the years. They wear mostly red but do not align themselves with Bloods or Norteños.

History[edit]

The Fresno Bulldogs can be traced back to the 1960s but did not become an independent street gang until the 1980s. Their Independence developed in the California prison system during the prison wars of 1984-1985 when they were still Norteños under the control of La Nuestra Familia.. The gang was known as F-14. The F signified Fresno and the 14 signified the fourteenth letter of the alphabet. By the mid-1980s the F-14 set rebelled against La Nuestra Familia, which led to a violent war in the California prison system known in gang folklore as "The Red Wave". In 1986 the F-14 began using the bulldog name and mascot of Fresno State University including the paw print and bulldog head image in their graffiti and tattoos.[5] They also bark to one another as a call sign, and address each other as "dog"—giving the Bulldogs a separate identity from the Norteños, despite their common red gang color.[6] They also adopted Fresno State apparel as de facto uniforms; causing a tenfold increase in royalties to the university from licensed merchandise sales from the 1990s to late 2000s (decade).[7]

Location[edit]

The Fresno Bulldogs originated in Fresno, California but have been slowly extending their reach into neighboring areas. They are also in some of the minor cities outside of Fresno, but with less frequency.[8][9] There are several thousand members in the gang but the vast majority of them live in Fresno County and the Central Valley area. The relocation of gang members has started to expand their influence and control into these other areas. There have been reports of Fresno Bulldog drug trafficking as far north as Wyoming and as far south as Cabo San Lucas, Mexico.[10]

Culture[edit]

Having rebelled against the hierarchical structure and shot-calling directives model of the Norteños, Fresno Bulldogs pride themselves on not having any centralized leadership. Similarly, the Fresno Bulldogs do not have any allies and are one of the few Hispanic gangs in California that claim neither Sureños nor Norteños affiliation.[11] Each Bulldog set operates totally autonomously. Fresno Bulldogs gangs include Lewis Street Dogs, Bond Street Bulldogs, College Street Bulldogs and Pinedale Bulldogs [12]

Criminal Activity[edit]

Their main revenue is from the street level distribution of marijuana, heroin and methamphetamine.[13] The Fresno Police Department and the Fresno County Sheriff's Department have tried various different crackdowns on Bulldog gang activity. In November 2006, Operation Bulldogs was launched to wipe out the Bulldog street gang. The operation has led to thousands of arrests, but the independent nature of the gang has complicated police efforts to contain crimes attributed to gang members.[14][15] The Fresno Police Departments efforts have led to 2,422 felony arrests of Bulldog gang members and associates. However, even with increased gang suppression tactics the Bulldog gang continues to exert its control and influence on the community. Bulldogs are even against each other because they are from a different side or neighborhood. The Big Fresno Fair as well as Christmas tree lane is where they come every year and fight[16].

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cone, T. (2010, February 8). Fresno bulldogs. The Associated Press. Retrieved from http://www.gangs187.com/FresnoBulldogs.pdf
  2. ^ Duarte , A., &itchie, A. (2008, February 8). Bulldog gang members prey on elderly in identity theft scams. WorldNow and KMPH. Retrieved from http://www.kmph.com/Global/story.asp?S=7847093
  3. ^ Harrid, K. D. State of California Department of Justice, Office of the Attorney General. (2010). Organized crime in California. Retrieved from website: http://ag.ca.gov/publications/org_crime2010.pdf
  4. ^ U.S. gang acronyms and abbreviations. (2011, September 12). Retrieved from http://www.accuracyproject.org/GangAcronyms-US.html
  5. ^ Walker, R. (2011). Bulldog nation prison gang. Retrieved from http://www.gangsorus.com/bulldog_nation_prison_gang.htm
  6. ^ Kraft, S. (2010, August 17). Getting under their skin. L.A. Times. Retrieved from http://articles.latimes.com/2010/aug/17/local/la-me-tattoo-20100817
  7. ^ [1].
  8. ^ Morales, G. Des Moines Police Department, Gang Prevention Services. (2007). Fresno bulldogs. Retrieved from website: http://www.gangpreventionservices.org/fresnobulldogs.asp
  9. ^ Cubillos , T. Kerman Police Department, (2011). Gangs in the city of kerman. Retrieved from website: http://www.kermanpolicedept.org/gangs.html
  10. ^ KSEE News. (2011, November 14). 6 bulldog gang members await sentencing in wyoming meth case. KSEE 24 hour News. Retrieved from http://www.ksee24.com/news/local/6-Bulldog-Gang-Members-Await-Sentencing-in-Wyoming-Meth-Case-133837783.html
  11. ^ U.S. Department of Justice, National Gang Intelligence Center. (2009). Appendix b. street gangs. Retrieved from website: http://www.justice.gov/ndic/pubs32/32146/appb.htm
  12. ^ Brown, E. G. State of California Department of Justice, Office of the Attorney General. (2009). Organized crime in California. Retrieved from website: http://ag.ca.gov/publications/org_crime2009.pdf
  13. ^ Lyman, M. D., & Potter, G. W. (2011). Drugs in society: Causes, concepts and control. (6th ed., pp. 491-492). Burlington, MA: Anderson Publishing.
  14. ^ City of San Diego, The Commission on Gang Prevention & Intervention. (n.d.). City of fresno anti-gang efforts. Retrieved from website: http://www.sandiego.gov/gangcommission/pdf/fresnoantigang.pdf
  15. ^ "Second Gang Crackdown in Southeast Fresno | abc30.com". abclocal.go.com. 2011. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  16. ^ "Video: New Crackdown on Bulldog Gang Members Video". mefeedia.com. 2011. Retrieved 22 December 2011. KGPE CBS 47 Fresno