Friday the 13th Part 2

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Friday the 13th Part 2
Friday the 13th part2.jpg
Directed by Steve Miner
Sean S. Cunningham (additional scenes)
Produced by Steve Miner
Written by Ron Kurz
Phil Scuderi
Starring Amy Steel
John Furey
Adrienne King
Kirsten Baker
Stuart Charno
Marta Kober
Tom McBride
Bill Randolph
Lauren-Marie Taylor
Russell Todd
Music by Harry Manfredini
Cinematography Peter Stein
Edited by Susan E. Cunningham
Distributed by Paramount Pictures
Release dates
  • May 1, 1981 (1981-05-01)
Running time 87 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $1.05 million
Box office $21,722,776

Friday the 13th Part 2 (also known as Friday the 13th Part II) is a 1981 American horror film directed by Steve Miner. It is the second installment of the Friday the 13th franchise and is a direct sequel to Friday the 13th (1980), picking up five years after that film's conclusion, where a new murderer stalks camp counselors at a nearby training camp. The film marks the first time Jason Voorhees is the antagonist (his mother was the killer in the previous film).

Stylistically, Friday the 13th Part 2 reproduces certain key elements that made the original Friday the 13th a sleeper hit in 1980, such as first-person camera perspectives, gory stalk-and-slash scenes, and campground settings. Although it did not reach the original's box office success, the sequel was a financial success, grossing over $21.7 million in the United States on a budget of just $1.05 million.

Originally, Friday the 13th Part 2 was not intended to be a direct sequel to the 1980 original but yet part of an anthology series of films based around the Friday the 13th superstition, but after the popularity of the original film's surprise ending to feature Jason Voorhees attacking the heroine, the filmmakers decided to bring back Jason and the mythology surround Camp Crystal Lake, a trend which would be repeated for the rest of the series.

Plot[edit]

Two months following the massacre at Camp Crystal Lake in the original film, Alice L. Hardy is trying to put her life together again. While feeding her cat, she discovers the severed head of Pamela Voorhees in her refrigerator before an unknown killer (whose face isn't shown) inserts an ice pick in her skull and kills her.

Five years later, a man named Jeff, his girlfriend Sandra, and Jeff's friend Ted are on their way to a Counselor Training center that is opening up at Crystal Lake, not far from the infamous campground. Despite its infamy and the police frowning on the location, Paul collects a group of would-be counselors to train. Despite warnings from local oddball Crazy Ralph, the other counselors begin to arrive, including, good girls Terry and Vicki, prankster Scott, and wheelchair-bound Mark. Paul's girlfriend and assistant, Ginny Field, arrives late, much to his chagrin. As the day progresses, inspired by the legend of Jason Voorhees whose story was told at a camp fire the night before, Sandra and Jeff sneak over to explore the abandoned camp, only to be caught by the sheriff (not knowing that Crazy Ralph was just strangled with a strip of barbwire by an unseen killer). After leaving them in Paul's care, he witnesses the killer (who appears to be masked) running through the woods and chases him to a dilapidated shack where he makes a particularly gruesome discovery (unseen to the viewer) before the killer sneaks up behind him and rams the claw side of a hammer into his skull, killing him.

That night, Paul and Ginny take the counselors for one last night on the town; Sandra and Jeff, being punished for their excursion earlier, are volunteered to stay behind; Terry decides to stay behind and look for her missing dog, Muffin; while Scott volunteers to put the moves on Terry. Wheelchair-bound Mark decides to stay as well and Vicki, smitten with Mark, decides to stay. While searching for Muffin, Terry goes skinny dipping and Scott plays a prank on her by stealing her clothes before being caught in one of Paul's survival traps. Terry goes to get a knife to cut him down, but the killer slits his throat with a machete and kills Terry (off screen) when she returns and discovers him dead. At the bar, Ginny imagines what Jason would be like if he were alive, deducing he had seen his mother murdered and would be a vengeful creature unaware of the meaning of life and death. Paul dismisses her concerns and tells her that he is only a legend, his insistence hinting that Jason is the one responsible for the killings.

As it begins raining heavily back at the camp, the killer murders Mark with a machete to the face. He then moves upstairs and kills Jeff and Sandra as they are having sex by double impalement with a spear. When Vicki returns for Mark, she is attacked by the killer, who is revealed to be wearing a gunny sack over his head with an eyehole cut out. He corners Vicki and stabs her in the stomach with a kitchen knife, killing her. Paul and Ginny return from town to discover the aftermath. Paul is attacked by the killer, who then chases Ginny through the camp. She finds her way to the killer's shack and enters to find an altar with Mrs. Voorhees' mummified head on it, surrounded by the bodies of the victims. At this point, Ginny realizes that Jason is the true killer, seeking revenge for his mother's death.

Using her child psychology to her advantage, she puts on Pamela's sweater and manages to convince Jason that she is his mother. The ruse fails when he spots his mother's head, but Paul intervenes, distracting Jason long enough for Ginny to take the machete and bring it down several inches into his shoulder. Jason falls over, presumably dead. Ginny and Paul uncover his disfigured face (unseen to the viewer) before taking shelter in a nearby cabin. Muffin then appears at the cabin door, and while Ginny reaches down to pick her up, Jason (now unmasked, with the machete still in his shoulder) bursts through the window behind her and attacks her. Ginny wakes up the next morning, confused and being pulled aboard an ambulance with no recollection of how she escaped. She calls for Paul, who is nowhere to be seen, and she is driven off to the hospital. The final scene then switches over to show Mrs. Voorhees' head, before ultimately fading to black.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Development[edit]

Following the success of Friday the 13th in 1980, Paramount Pictures began plans to make a sequel. First acquiring the worldwide distribution rights, Frank Mancuso, Sr. stated, "We wanted it to be an event, where teenagers would flock to the theaters on that Friday night to see the latest episode." The initial ideas for a sequel involved the Friday the 13th title being used for a series of films, released once a year, that would not have direct continuity with each other, but be a separate "scary movie" of their own right. Phil Scuderi—one of three owners of Esquire Theaters, along with Steve Minasian and Bob Barsamian, who produced the original film—insisted that the sequel have Jason Voorhees, Pamela's son, even though his appearance in the original film was only meant to be a joke. Steve Miner, associate producer on the first film, believed in the idea and would go on to direct the first two sequels, after Cunningham opted not to return to the director's chair. Miner would use many of the same crew members from the first film while working on the sequels.[1]

Casting[edit]

Adrienne King was pursued by an obsessed fan after the success of the original Friday the 13th and wished her role to be small as possible.

Actor Warrington Gillette only played the unmasked Jason at the end. Stuntman Steve Daskawisz played the masked Jason.

Filming[edit]

Principal photography took place in August 1980.

Daskawisz was rushed to the emergency room when Amy Steel hit his middle finger with a machete during filming. Steel explained: "The timing was wrong, and he didn't turn his pick axe properly, and the machete hit his finger." Daskawisz received 13 stitches on his middle finger. It was covered with a piece of rubber, and Daskawisz and Steel insisted on doing the scene all over again.

In one scene where Daskawisz was wearing the burlap flour sack, part of the flour sack was flapping at his eye, so the crew used tape inside the eye area to prevent it from flapping. Daskawisz received rug burns around his eye from the tape from wearing the rough flour sack material for hours.

The film's ending has been a source of confusion for fans. Writer Ron Kurz has stated that Jason's window jump was intended to be set in reality and that Paul was killed offscreen.[1] However, the beginning of Part III, in replaying the end of Part 2, instead showed Jason pulling the machete out of his shoulder and crawling away as Ginny and Paul leave him for dead in the shack. This arguably retcons the scene of Jason's window jump into a dream. In addition, near the beginning of Part III, a news broadcast reports the body count at eight, thus excluding Paul from this count.

Rumors sparked that John Furey left before the film wrapped as his character does not appear in the end. In truth, his character was not intended to have appeared.

In an unused ending, after Ginny questions where Paul is, the scene switches to Mrs. Voorhees' head, which then opens its eyes and smiles, indicating that Jason had killed Paul.

Music[edit]

In 1982, Gramavision Records released a LP album of selected pieces of Harry Manfredini's scores from the first three Friday the 13th films.[2] On January 13, 2012, La-La Land Records released a limited edition 6-CD boxset containing Manfredini's scores from the first six films. It sold out in less than 24 hours.[3]

Release[edit]

The film was released theatrically on May 1, 1981 to immediate box office success, bringing in $6,429,784 its opening weekend and over $21.7 million at the final domestic box.[1] Much like it's predecessor, critical reaction to the film was initially negative. It has a 33% "rotten" rating at Rotten Tomatoes among 30 reviews. Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times wrote that Friday the 13th Part 2 was " a cross between the Mad Slasher and Dead teenager genres; about two dozen movies a year feature a mad killer going berserk, and they're all about as bad as this one. Some have a little more plot, some have a little less. It doesn't matter. ."

Since it's original release, the film has become a cult classic and is generally regarded as one of the most beloved films in the franchise by fans. When reviewing the film's Blu-ray release, David Harley of ""Bloody-Disgusting"' said, "It doesn’t exactly stray far from the formula of the original film – neither do most of the other [sequels] – but Friday The 13th Part II still stands as an iconic and important entry in the series due to the introduction of Jason as the antagonist of the series and the usage of Italian horror films as an inspiration for its death scenes – most notably, the spear copulation death from Mario Bava’s Bay Of Blood." The final scene where Jason crashes through the window has been dubbed one of the classic moments in horror cinema history.[citation needed] This, as well as the scene where Jason raises his knife before killing Vicki, were featured in the 82nd Academy Awards' tribute to horror montage.

Novelization[edit]

A novelization based on the screenplay of Ron Kurz was published in 1988: Hawke, Simon, Friday the 13th Part II: A Novel, New American Library, New York, 1988, ISBN 0-451-15337-5

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Peter Brack (2006-10-11). Crystal Lake Memories. United Kingdom: Titan Books. pp. 50–52. ISBN 1-84576-343-2. 
  2. ^ Bracke, Peter, pg. 94
  3. ^ "La-La Land Records: Friday the 13th". La-La Land Records. Retrieved 2012-01-15. 

External links[edit]