Friday the 13th Part 2
|Friday the 13th Part 2|
|Directed by||Steve Miner
Sean S. Cunningham (additional scenes)
|Produced by||Steve Miner|
|Written by||Ron Kurz
by Victor Miller
|Music by||Harry Manfredini|
|Edited by||Susan E. Cunningham|
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
|Running time||87 minutes|
Friday the 13th Part 2 (also known as Friday the 13th Part II) is a 1981 American horror film directed by Steve Miner. It is the second installment of the Friday the 13th franchise and is a direct sequel to Friday the 13th (1980), picking up five years after that film's conclusion, where a new murderer stalks camp counselors at a nearby training camp. The film marks the first time Jason Voorhees is the antagonist (his mother was the killer in the previous film).
Stylistically, Friday the 13th Part 2 reproduces certain key elements that made the original Friday the 13th a sleeper hit in 1980, such as first-person camera perspectives, gory stalk-and-slash scenes, and campground settings. Although it did not reach the original's box office success, the sequel was a financial success, grossing over $21.7 million in the United States on a budget of just $1.05 million.
Originally, Friday the 13th Part 2 was not intended to be a direct sequel to the 1980 original but rather part of an anthology series of films based around the Friday the 13th superstition, but after the popularity of the original film's surprise ending to feature Jason Voorhees attacking the heroine, the filmmakers decided to bring back Jason and the mythology surrounding Camp Crystal Lake, a trend which would be repeated for the rest of the series.
In the beginning of the film, a boy named Jesse is singing "Itsy Bitsy Spider" while walking in a puddle. He is then called by his mother to come in the house. As he steps out, the boy's feet turn into a man's feet. Alice L. Hardy, the only camp counselor who survived the mysterious murders in Camp Crystal Lake original film, has flashbacks to her encounters with Pamela Voorhees, Jason's mother. While feeding her cat, she discovers the severed head of Pamela Voorhees in her refrigerator before an unknown killer (whose face isn't shown) inserts an ice pick in her skull and kills her.
Five years later, a man named Jeff, his girlfriend, Sandra, and Jeff's friend, Ted, are on their way to a counselor training center that is opening up at Crystal Lake, not far from the infamous campground. Despite its infamy and the police frowning on the location, Paul collects a group of would-be counselors to train. Even with warnings from local oddball Crazy Ralph, the other counselors continue to arrive, including good girls Terry and Vicki, prankster Scott, and wheelchair-bound Mark. Paul's girlfriend and assistant, Ginny Field, arrives late, much to his chagrin. As the day progresses, inspired by the legend of Jason Voorhees whose story was told at a campfire the night before, Sandra and Jeff sneak over to explore the abandoned camp, only to be caught by the sheriff (not knowing that Crazy Ralph was just strangled with a strip of barbwire by an unseen killer). After leaving them in Paul's care, the sheriff sees someone (who appears to be masked) running through the woods. He chases after him to a dilapidated shack where the sheriff makes a particularly gruesome discovery (unseen to the viewer) before someone sneaks up behind him and rams the claw side of a hammer into his skull, killing him.
That night, Paul and Ginny take the counselors for one last night on the town; Sandra and Jeff, being punished for their excursion earlier, are volunteered to stay behind; Terry decides to stay behind and look for her missing dog, Muffin; while Scott volunteers to put the moves on Terry. Wheelchair-bound Mark decides to stay as well; Vicki, smitten with Mark, decides to stay. While searching for Muffin, Terry goes skinny dipping and Scott plays a prank on her by stealing her clothes before being caught in one of Paul's survival traps. Terry goes to get a knife to cut him down, but the killer slits his throat with a machete and kills Terry (off screen) when she returns and discovers him dead. At the bar, Ginny imagines what Jason would be like if he were alive, deducing he had seen his mother murdered and would be a vengeful creature unaware of the meaning of life and death. Paul dismisses her concerns and tells her that he is only a legend.
As it begins raining heavily back at the camp, the killer murders Mark with a machete to the face. He then moves upstairs and kills Jeff and Sandra as they are having sex by double impalement with a spear. When Vicki returns for Mark, she is attacked by the killer, who is revealed to be wearing a gunny sack over his head with an eye hole cut out. He corners Vicki and stabs her in the stomach with a kitchen knife, killing her. Paul and Ginny return from town to discover the aftermath. Paul is attacked by the killer, who then chases Ginny through the camp. She accidentally finds her way to the killer's shack and enters to find an altar with Mrs. Voorhees' mummified head on it, surrounded by the bodies of the recent victims. At this point, Ginny realizes that Jason is the true killer, seeking revenge for his mother's death.
Using her study of child psychology to her advantage, she puts on Pamela's sweater and manages to convince Jason that she is his mother. The ruse fails when he eventually spots his mother's head, but Paul intervenes, distracting Jason long enough for Ginny to take the machete and bring it down several inches into his shoulder. Jason falls over, presumably dead. Ginny and Paul uncover his disfigured face (unseen to the viewer) before taking shelter in a nearby cabin. Muffin then appears at the cabin door, and while Ginny reaches down to pick her up, Jason (now unmasked, with the machete still in his shoulder) bursts through the window behind her and attacks her. Ginny wakes up the next morning, confused and being pulled aboard an ambulance with no recollection of how she escaped. She calls for Paul, who is nowhere to be seen, and she is driven off to the hospital. The final scene then switches over to show Mrs. Voorhees' head, before ultimately fading to black.
- Amy Steel as Ginny Field
- John Furey as Paul Holt
- Adrienne King as Alice Hardy
- Kirsten Baker as Terry
- Stu Charno as Ted
- Warrington Gillette as Jason Voorhees (unmasked)
- Walt Gorney as Crazy Ralph
- Marta Kober as Sandra Dier
- Tom McBride as Mark
- Bill Randolph as Jeff
- Lauren-Marie Taylor as Vicki
- Russell Todd as Scott
- Betsy Palmer as Pamela Voorhees
- Cliff Cudney as Maxwell
- Jack Marks as Deputy Winslow
- Jerry Wallace as The Prowler
- Steve Daskawisz as Jason Voorhees stunt double (masked)
Following the success of Friday the 13th in 1980, Paramount Pictures began plans to make a sequel. First acquiring the worldwide distribution rights, Frank Mancuso, Sr. stated, "We wanted it to be an event, where teenagers would flock to the theaters on that Friday night to see the latest episode." The initial ideas for a sequel involved the Friday the 13th title being used for a series of films, released once a year, that would not have direct continuity with each other, but be a separate "scary movie" of their own right. Phil Scuderi—one of three owners of Esquire Theaters, along with Steve Minasian and Bob Barsamian, who produced the original film—insisted that the sequel have Jason Voorhees, Pamela's son, even though his appearance in the original film was only meant to be a joke. Steve Miner, associate producer on the first film, believed in the idea and would go on to direct the first two sequels, after Cunningham opted not to return to the director's chair. Miner would use many of the same crew members from the first film while working on the sequels.
Adrienne King was pursued by an obsessed fan after the success of the original Friday the 13th and wished her role to be small as possible.
Actor Warrington Gillette only played the unmasked Jason at the end. Stuntman Steve Daskawisz played the masked Jason.
Principal photography took place in August 1980.
Daskawisz was rushed to the emergency room when Amy Steel hit his middle finger with a machete during filming. Steel explained: "The timing was wrong, and he didn't turn his pick axe properly, and the machete hit his finger." Daskawisz received 13 stitches on his middle finger. It was covered with a piece of rubber, and Daskawisz and Steel insisted on doing the scene all over again.
In one scene where Daskawisz was wearing the burlap flour sack, part of the flour sack was flapping at his eye, so the crew used tape inside the eye area to prevent it from flapping. Daskawisz received rug burns around his eye from the tape from wearing the rough flour sack material for hours.
The film's ending has been a source of confusion for fans. Writer Ron Kurz has stated that Jason's window jump was intended to be set in reality and that Paul was killed offscreen. However, the beginning of Part III, in replaying the end of Part 2, instead showed Jason pulling the machete out of his shoulder and crawling away as Ginny and Paul leave him for dead in the shack. This arguably retcons the scene of Jason's window jump into a dream. In addition, near the beginning of Part III, a news broadcast reports the body count at eight, thus excluding Paul from this count.
Rumors sparked that John Furey left before the film wrapped as his character does not appear in the end. In truth, his character was not intended to have appeared.
In an unused ending, after Ginny questions where Paul is, the scene switches to Mrs. Voorhees' head, which then opens its eyes and smiles, indicating that Jason had killed Paul.
In 1982, Gramavision Records released a LP album of selected pieces of Harry Manfredini's scores from the first three Friday the 13th films. On January 13, 2012, La-La Land Records released a limited edition 6-CD boxset containing Manfredini's scores from the first six films. It sold out in less than 24 hours.
The film was released theatrically on May 1, 1981, to immediate box office success, bringing in $6,429,784 its opening weekend and more than $21.7 million overall in domestic receipts.
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Much like its predecessor, critical reaction to the film was initially negative. It has a 33% "rotten" rating at Rotten Tomatoes among 30 reviews. Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times wrote that Friday the 13th Part 2 was "a cross between the Mad Slasher and Dead teenager genres; about two dozen movies a year feature a mad killer going berserk, and they're all about as bad as this one. Some have a little more plot, some have a little less. It doesn't matter."
Since its original release, the film has become a cult classic and is generally regarded as one of the more liked films in the franchise by fans. When reviewing the film's Blu-ray release, David Harley (a writer for Bloody Disgusting, a website that covers horror films with reviews, interviews and news) said, "It doesn’t exactly stray far from the formula of the original film — neither do most of the other sequels — but Friday The 13th Part II still stands as an iconic and important entry in the series due to the introduction of Jason as the antagonist of the series and the usage of Italian horror films as an inspiration for its death scenes — most notably, the spear copulation death from Mario Bava’s A Bay of Blood. The final scene where Jason crashes through the window has been dubbed one of the classic moments in horror cinema history. This, as well as the scene where Jason raises his knife before killing Vicki, were featured in the tribute to horror movies montage during the 82nd Academy Awards.
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- Friday the 13th Part 2 at the Internet Movie Database
- Friday the 13th Part 2 at AllMovie
- Friday the 13th Part 2 at Box Office Mojo
- Friday the 13th Part 2 at Rotten Tomatoes
- Film page at the Camp Crystal Lake web site
- Film page at Fridaythe13thfilms.com
- Film page at the Love Horror web site