Frieboeshvile

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Frieboeshvile
Frieboeshvile, 2008-05-04.jpg
Frieboeshvile viewed from across the street
General information
Architectural style Neoclassicism
Town or city Kongens Lyngby, Copenhagen
Country Denmark
Coordinates 55°46′35″N 12°29′45″E / 55.7765°N 12.4958°E / 55.7765; 12.4958Coordinates: 55°46′35″N 12°29′45″E / 55.7765°N 12.4958°E / 55.7765; 12.4958
Construction started 1756
Completed 1758
Client August Günther
Design and construction
Architect Unknown

Frieboeshvile (lit. "Friboe's Resting Place") is a Baroque-style country house in Kongens Lyngby north of Copenhagen, Denmark. It is located across the street from Sorgenfri Palace, where Lyngby Main Street extends from Kongevejen. The most notable former resident is Georg Ferdinand Duckwitz who played an important part in the Rescue of the Danish Jews during World War II.

The house now serves as a historic house museum showing how Copenhagen peers decorated their country homes in the late 18th century. It hosts a permanent and special exhibitions about local history as well as the local historic archives for Lyngby-Taarbæk Municipality.

History[edit]

The house was built from 1756 to 1758 by August Günther, a chemist from Copenhagen, and was originally known as Vildnisset (en. The Wilderness). The architect is not known. In 1782 the property was acquired by the wealthy shipping agent Andreas Bodenhoff. His daughter Gjertrud Cathrine inherited it in 1794 and after she married Rotamaster and later General Frederik Caspar Conrad Frieboe, it was passed on to him. It was originally Denmark's smallest Fideicommissum - Friboe had no legal heirs and the estate was therefore passed to his sister's son, Lieutenant Colonel F.C.C. Funch. In 1846, it received its current name to conmemorate General Friboe who is buried in the grounds together with his wife and a few other family members. The Funch family owned Frieboeshvile until 1953 and lived in the house until 1966. In 1919 it had come into ordinary ownership when the Lensafløsningsloven Act dissolved all Fideicommia. On the same occasion, the house was listed in 1919.[1]

Georg Ferdinand Duckwitz, who played a central role in the rescue of the Danish Jews in World War II lived at Frieboeshvile from 1941 to 1953. He later served as German Ambassador to Denmark.[1]

Lyngby-Taarbæk Municipality acquired the house from the Funch family in 1953.

Architecture[edit]

Built in the Baroque style, Frieboeshvile is constructed in brick with white dressing and details in sandstone. It consists of a single storey topped by a black-glazed mansard roof. The roof is not part of the original building but was added in 1977 when the house was restored. The original roof was clad in wooden roof shingles which in 1867 were replaced with slate shingles.[1] The renovation also restored the Neoclassical interiors which date from Friboe's period of ownership. August Günther's initials are found above the main entrance as well as on the first floor.

Park[edit]

Apart from the burial site of General Frieboe and his family, the park also contains a few other features from his day. These include a grotto which originally afforded access to a now collapsed fruit cellar and an aviary converted into a pavilion.[1]

Exhibitions[edit]

Frieboeshvile today serves as a historic house museum showing how the Copenhagen bourgeoisie of the late 18th century decorated their country houses where they would reside throughout the summer. The furniture in the house dates from about 1800.[2]

The house also contains a permanent exhibition from the Lyngbt-Taarbæk and plays host to two special exhibitions a year on local historic subjects.[3]

Local historic archive[edit]

The local historic archive for Lyngby-Taarbæk Municipality is also based at the house. In the reading room it is possible to study old photographs, maps and historic documents from the area.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Frieboeshvile" (in Danish). Byhistorisk Samling i Lyngby-Taarbæk. Retrieved 2011-02-16. 
  2. ^ "Frieboeshvile" (in Danish). Lyngby-Taarbæk Municipality. Retrieved 2011-12-16. 
  3. ^ "Om Stadsarkivet" (in Danish). Lyngby-Taarbæk Kommune. Retrieved 2011-12-16.