Pravdinsk

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Friedland (Ostpreußen))
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Pravdinsk (disambiguation).
Pravdinsk (English)
Правдинск (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Pravdinsk2.jpg
In Pravdinsk
Map of Russia - Kaliningrad Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Kaliningrad Oblast in Russia
Pravdinsk is located in Kaliningrad Oblast
Pravdinsk
Pravdinsk
Location of Pravdinsk in Kaliningrad Oblast
Coordinates: 54°26′N 21°02′E / 54.433°N 21.033°E / 54.433; 21.033Coordinates: 54°26′N 21°02′E / 54.433°N 21.033°E / 54.433; 21.033
Coat of Arms of Pravdinsk (Kaliningrad oblast).png
Flag of Pravdinsk (Kaliningrad oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of November 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Kaliningrad Oblast[1]
Administrative district Pravdinsky District[1]
Town of district significance Pravdinsk[1]
Administrative center of Pravdinsky District,[1] town of district significance of Pravdinsk[1]
Municipal status (as of July 2009)
Municipal district Pravdinsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Pravdinskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Pravdinsky Municipal District,[2] Pravdinskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 4,323 inhabitants[3]
Time zone USZ1 (UTC+03:00)[4]
Founded 1312[5]
Town status since 1335[citation needed]
Previous names Friedland (until 1945),[citation needed]
Fridland (until 1946)[5]
Postal code(s)[6] 238400
Dialing code(s) +7 40157[citation needed]
Pravdinsk on WikiCommons

Pravdinsk (Russian: About this sound Правдинск​ ), prior to 1946 known by its German name Friedland (Lithuanian: Romuva; Polish: Frydląd) is a town and the administrative center of Pravdinsky District in Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the Lava River, approximately 30 kilometers (19 mi) east of Bagrationovsk and 53 kilometers (33 mi) southeast of Kaliningrad, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 4,323 (2010 Census);[3] 4,480 (2002 Census);[7] 4,143 (1989 Census).[8]

History[edit]

It was founded in 1312[5] at a ford across the Lava River after the local Natangian tribe in Prussia was subdued by the Teutonic Knights. It received town privileges in 1335 under Grand Master Luther von Braunschweig.[citation needed] The town was devastated during the Thirteen Years' War between the Order and the Prussian Confederation. Known then by its German name Friedland ("peaceful land"), the town became a part of the Duchy of Prussia after the secularization of the Order-State in 1525. Under the ruling Hohenzollern dynasty, Friedland became a part of Brandenburg-Prussia in 1618 and was again ravaged by Swedish troops in the course of the Second Northern War 1655-1660.

Friedland belonged to the Kingdom of Prussia from 1701; on June 14, 1807, Napoleon's French army won the nearby Battle of Friedland against a combined Russian-Prussian army. The town became part of the German Empire in 1871 during the Prussian-led unification of Germany.

Conquered by the Red Army during World War II, the town was transferred from Germany to the Soviet Union according to the 1945 Potsdam Agreement and the German population was expelled. The town was renamed Pravdinsk in 1946.[5]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Pravdinsk serves as the administrative center of Pravdinsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with thirty-two rural localities, incorporated within Pravdinsky District as the town of district significance of Pravdinsk.[1] As a municipal division, the town of district significance of Pravdinsk is incorporated within Pravdinsky Municipal District as Pravdinskoye Urban Settlement.[2]

Religion[edit]

The St. George Church in Pravdinsk

The Late Gothic church of St. George in the town center is well preserved and today used by the Moscow Patriarchate.

Pravdinsk is identified in some historical accounts[citation needed] with Romuva, said to be the center of Baltic paganism. The Lithuanian name for Pravdinsk is "Romuva", and this was most likely its name in Old Prussian as well. Whether Romuva was in fact associated with Baltic paganism is disputed, however. Some[who?] have suggested that this belief started when early Christian chroniclers were confused by the similarity between "Romuva" and "Rome", and by their own unwarranted assumption that Baltic paganism should resemble Roman paganism in being focused around a particular geographical center.

International relations[edit]

Pravdinsk is part of the Friedliches Land (Peaceful Land) municipal association with:

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Resolution #640
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #476
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b c d Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 361. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Правительство Калининградской области. Постановление №640 от 30 августа 2011 г. «Об утверждении реестра объектов административно-территориального деления Калининградской области», в ред. Постановления №877 от 21 ноября 2011 г «О внесении изменения в Постановление Правительства Калининградской области от 30 августа 2011 г. №640». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Калининградская правда" (вкладыш "Официально"), №170, 15 сентября 2011 г. (Government of Kaliningrad Oblast. Resolution #640 of August 30, 2011 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Objects of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of Kaliningrad Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #877 of November 21, 2011 On Amending the Resolution of the Government of Kaliningrad Oblast #640 of August 30, 2011. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Калининградская областная Дума. Закон №476 от 21 декабря 2004 г. «О наделении муниципального образования "Правдинский район" статусом муниципального района и об установлении границ и наделении соответствующим статусом муниципальных образований, находящихся на его территории», в ред. Закона №370 от 1 июля 2009 г «О составе территорий муниципальных образований Калининградской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская газета" ("Запад России"), №290, 30 декабря 2004 г. (Kaliningrad Oblast Duma. Law #476 of December 21, 2004 On Granting the Status of a Municipal District to the Municipal Formation of "Pravdinsky District" and on Establishing the Borders and Granting Appropriate Status to the Municipal Formations Located on Its Territory, as amended by the Law #370 of July 1, 2009 On the Composition of the Territories of the Municipal Formations of Kaliningrad Oblast. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).