||This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2012)|
29 August 1897|
|Died||20 May 1947
|Allegiance|| German Empire (to 1918)
Weimar Republic (to 1933)
|Years of service||1915 – 1945|
|Rank||General der Infanterie|
|Battles/wars||World War I
World War II
|Awards||Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords|
Friedrich-Wilhelm Müller (29 August 1897 – 20 May 1947) was a General in the German army in World War II. He is notorious for having been the most brutal commander of occupied Crete, where he earned the nickname "The Butcher of Crete." After the war, he was tried by a Greek military court for war crimes, convicted and executed.
Early life 
Friedrich was born in Barmen, Prussia, only son of Carl Wilhelm Franz Hermann Georg Müller. He was a grandson of Wilhelm Müller, and nephew of the Brazilian Ambassador Lauro Müller. He had a romance with Marie Korndörffer, of Stendal, Saxony, daughter of Johann Jakob Korndörffer and Rolla Rohlf. As a result of this romance, he was the father of: Marie Egidie Korndörffer Rohlf and Walter Rohlfs (Rohlfs is an error). The sons have descendants in Brazil.
Pre-war and early war 
In 1915 Müller joined the German 2nd Infantry Regiment. He became a second lieutenant in the 266th Regiment in 1915. In 1936 he became a major in the German army, and by 1940 was a lieutenant colonel and commander of the 105th Infantry Regiment. He was awarded the Knight's Cross in 1941 and received oak leaves in 1942 for operations in Russia.
In August 1942 General Müller took command of the 22nd Air Landing Infantry Division, which was transferred from the Eastern Front to garrison occupied Crete. In Crete, Müller became notorious for his brutality, and he was responsible for many of the atrocities committed on the island (e.g. the holocaust of Viannos, the destruction of Anogia and the Kedros villages of Amari, the execution of civilians in Damasta, etc.). During the autumn of 1943, he led the German forces in their victory over the Italian-British forces in the Dodecanese Campaign. On 1 July 1944 he replaced Bruno Brauer as Commander on Crete.
By 1945, Müller commanded the German 4th Army on the Eastern Front. The 4th Army had already been decimated by fighting in the Heiligenbeil Pocket by the time he assumed command. Müller ended the war in East Prussia and was captured by the Soviets.
In 1946, Müller was tried by a Greek court in Athens for the massacres of hostages for reprisals. He was sentenced to death on 9 December 1946 and executed by firing squad 20 May 1947, along with former General Bruno Bräuer, on the anniversary of the German invasion of Crete.
Ill Met by Moonlight 
The original SOE plan, as described in the book Ill Met by Moonlight written by W. Stanley Moss, later made into a film, was to capture Müller, the commander of the Sebastopol division. But, he had been replaced by General Kreipe. SOE believed that Müller had left Crete, when he was in Hania replacing Brauer as the commander of the island. The operation to capture a general was carried out, nevertheless, as it was reckoned that one German general was as good as another.
- Iron Cross (1914)
- Prussian Royal House Order of Hohenzollern, Knight's Cross with Swords
- Wound Badge in Silver
- Infantry Assault Badge
- "Crimea" Shield
- Bulgarian Military Order of Merit
- Clasp to the Iron Cross (1939)
- German Cross in Gold on 18 June 1943 as Generalleutnant and commander of the 22. Infanterie-Division
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords
- Mentioned four times in the Wehrmachtbericht
- Thomas 1998, p. 104.
- Patzwall and Scherzer 2001, p. 318.
- Scherzer 2007, p. 555.
- Berger, Florian (2000). Mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern. Die höchstdekorierten Soldaten des Zweiten Weltkrieges (in German). Selbstverlag Florian Berger. ISBN 3-9501307-0-5.
- Beevor, Antony (1991). Crete: The Battle and the Resistance.
- Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939-1945 (in German). Friedburg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas, 2000. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5.
- Patzwall, Klaus D. and Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 - 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 3-931533-45-X.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
- Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 3-7648-2300-3.
- Historic.de - Militärgeschichte - Bremen und Umland 1933-1945 at www.historic.de
General der Infanterie Ludwig Wolff
|Commander of 22. Infanterie-Division
1 August 1942 – 15 February 1944
Generalmajor Heinrich Kreipe
Generalleutnant Hermann Böhme
|Commander of V. Armeekorps
4 May 1944 – 2 June 1944
General der Infanterie Dr. Franz Beyer
General der Infantrie Friedrich Hoßbach
|Commander of 4. Armee
29 January 1945 – 27 April 1945