Friedrich Fülleborn (September 13, 1866 - September 9, 1933) was a physician who specialized in tropical medicine and parasitology. He was a native of Kulm, West Prussia, which today is known as Chełmno, Poland.
He studied medicine and natural sciences in Berlin, where one of his instructors was Heinrich Wilhelm Waldeyer (1835–1921). From 1894 to 1901 he was a military physician assigned to the Schutztruppe in German East Africa, where along with his medical duties, he performed scientific studies of the region.
In 1901 Fülleborn became director of the Department of Tropical Hygiene and Tropical Medicine at the Hamburg Institute for Marine and Tropical Diseases. In 1908 he was appointed by Georg Thilenius (1868–1937) of the Hamburg Museum of Ethnology to head the "Hamburg South Seas Expedition", a scientific mission to the South Pacific. In 1930 he succeeded Bernhard Nocht (1857–1945) as director of the Hamburg Institute for Marine and Tropical Diseases, a position he maintained until his death in 1933.
While working with dogs in Hamburg, he described "autoinfection" and discovered the migratory route taken by the parasite Strongyloides stercoralis prior to ending up in the intestine. The term "Fülleborn's method" is a procedure for examining parasitic ova in faecal matter.
- This article is based on a translation of an article from the German Wikipedia.
- Dorlands Medical Dictionary (definition of eponym)
- Cox FE (October 2002) History of Human Parasitology Clin Microbiol Rev. 2002 October; 15(4): 595–612. doi: 10.1128/CMR.15.4.595-612.2002
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