Frederick Francis I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

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Frederick Francis I
Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Friedrich franz 1.jpg
Portrait by Rudolph Suhrlandt (1817)
Reign 24 April 1785 – 1 February 1837
Predecessor Frederick II
Successor Paul Frederick
Spouse Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
House House of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Father Duke Louis of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Mother Princess Charlotte Sophie of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Born (1756-12-10)10 December 1756
Schwerin
Died 1 February 1837(1837-02-01) (aged 80)
Ludwigslust
Religion Lutheranism

Frederick Francis I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (10 December 1756 – 1 February 1837) ruled over the German state of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, first as Duke (1785–1815), and then as Grand Duke (1815–1837).

Biography[edit]

He was born in Schwerin to Duke Louis of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Princess Charlotte Sophie of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. Friedrich Franz succeeded his uncle Friedrich as Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin in 1785.[1]

Following the Napoleonic Wars, Friedrich Franz was raised to the dignity of Grand Duke at the Congress of Vienna.[2] Along with his cousin in Mecklenburg-Strelitz, he was known as one of the most reactionary German rulers. On his death in 1837 he was succeeded by his grandson, Grand Duke Paul Friedrich.

Marriage and children[edit]

On 1 June 1775 in Gotha, Friedrich Franz married Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg. They had six children:[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Online Gotha
  2. ^ Haydn, Joseph (1855). History of the Wars of the French Revolution. Bangs. p. 555. 
Frederick Francis I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Cadet branch of the House of Mecklenburg
Born: 10 December 1756 Died: 1 February 1837
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Frederick II
Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
1785–1815
Became Grand Duke
New title
Previously Duke
Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
1815–1837
Succeeded by
Paul Frederick