Friedrich Kluge

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Friedrich Kluge

Friedrich Kluge (21 June 1856 – 21 May 1926) was a German philologist and educator. He is known for the Kluge etymological dictionary of the German language (Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache), which was first published in 1883.

Biography[edit]

Kluge was born in Cologne. He studied comparative linguistics and classic and modern philologies at the universities of Leipzig, Strasbourg and Freiburg.

He became teacher of English and German philology at Strassburg (1880), assistant professor of German at Jena in 1884, full professor in 1886, and in 1893 was appointed professor of German language and literature at Freiburg.

A Proto-Germanic sound law which he formulated in a paper[1] from 1884 is nowadays known as Kluge's law.

He died in Freiburg.

Works[edit]

  • Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache (1881; 10th ed., 1924; 25th ed., 2011)
  • Stammbildungslehre der altgermanischen Dialekte (2d ed., 1899)
  • Von Luther bis Lessing, sprachgeschichtliche Aufsätze (4th ed., 1904)
  • Angelsächsisches Lesebuch (3d ed., 1902)
  • Deutsche Studentensprache (1895)
  • English Etymology, in collaboration with F. Lutz (1898)
  • Rothwelsch, Quellen und Wortschatz der Gaunersprache (1901)
  • Mittelenglisches Lesebuch, glossary by Kölbing (1904; 2d ed., 1912)

For Paul's Grundriss der altgermanischen Philologie he wrote “Vorgeschichte der altgermanischen Dialekte” (1897) and “Geschichte der englischen Sprache” (1899). In 1900 he founded the Zeitschrift für deutsche Wortforschung.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Kluge, Friedrich. 1884. “Die germanische consonantendehnung ”. Paul und Braune Beiträge zur Geschichte der deutschen Sprache und Literatur (PBB), 9. S.149-186.

References[edit]

External links[edit]