Friedrich L. Bauer
|Friedrich Ludwig Bauer|
10 June 1924 |
|Institutions||Technical University of Munich|
|Doctoral advisor||Fritz Bopp, Georg Aumann|
|Doctoral students||Manfred Broy, David Gries, Manfred Paul, Gerhard Seegmüller, Josef Stoer, Peter Wynn, Christoph Zenger|
|Known for||Stack (data structure),
Sequential Formula Translation,
|Notable awards||Iron Cross 2nd Class,
Bundesverdienstkreuz 1st Class,
IEEE Computer Pioneer Award
Bauer earned his Abitur in 1942 and served in the Wehrmacht (German armed forces) from 1943 to 1945. In 1946 he started studying mathematics and theoretical physics at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich (until 1950). Since 1963, he worked as a professor of mathematics and (since 1972) computer science at Technical University of Munich. He retired in 1989.
Bauer's early work involved the construction of computing machinery (e.g. the logical relay computer Stanislaus in 1951). In this context, he was the first to propose the widely used stack method of expression evaluation. Bauer also worked in the committees that developed the imperative computer programming languages ALGOL 58 and its successor ALGOL 60, important predecessors to all modern imperative programming languages. In 1968, Bauer coined the term Software Engineering which has been in widespread use since.
Bauer was an influential figure in establishing computer science as an independent subject in German universities.
His scientific contributions spread from numerical analysis (Bauer-Fike theorem) and fundamentals of interpretation and translation of programming languages, to his later works on systematics of program development, especially program transformation methods and systems (CIP-S) and the associated wide-spectrum language system CIP-L. He also wrote a well-respected book on cryptology, Decrypted secrets, now in its fourth edition.
Friedrich Bauer is married to Dr. Hildegard Bauer-Vogg. He is the father of three sons and two daughters.
Definition of software engineering
Bauer was a colleague of the German Representative the NATO Science Committee. In 1967, NATO had been discussing 'The Software Crisis' and Bauer had suggested the term 'Software Engineering' as a way to conceive of both the problem and the solution.
In 1972, Bauer published the following definition of software engineering:
"Establishment and use of sound engineering principles to obtain economically software that is reliable and works on real machines efficiently."
- 1960 Sequential Formula Translation, Commun. ACM 3(2): 76-83, (together with Klaus Samelson), a very influential paper on compilers
- 1964 Introduction to Algol, F.L. Bauer, R. Baumann, M. Feliciano, K. Samelson, Prentice Hall, ISBN 0-13-477828-6
- 2006 Decrypted Secrets: Methods and Maxims of Cryptology 4th edition, New York, Springer, ISBN 3-540-24502-2
- 1944 Iron Cross 2nd Class
- 1968: Member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences in mathematics and science class
- 1971: Bavarian Order of Merit
- 1978: Wilhelm Exner Medal (Austria)
- 1982: Federal Merit Cross 1st Class
- 1984: Member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina
- 1986: Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art
- 1987: Honorary Member of the Society for computer science
- 1988: Golden Ring of Honour of the German Museum
- 1988: IEEE Computer Pioneer Award
- 1997: Heinz-Maier-Leibnitz Medal from the Technical University of Munich
- 1998: corresponding member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences
- 2002: Honorary Member of the Deutsches Museum
- 2004: Silver Medal of Merit of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences
- Friedrich L. Bauer Prize for computer science at the TU Munich
- Honorary doctorates
- 1974: Honorary Doctor of the University of Grenoble
- 1989: Honorary Doctor of the University of Passau
- 1998: Honorary doctorate from the Bundeswehr University Munich (Neubiberg)
- "Mechanizing Proof: Computing, Risk, and Trust" By Donald MacKenzie
- Bauer, F.L., "Software Engineering", Information Processing, 71, 1972
- Oral history interview with Friedrich L. Bauer, Charles Babbage Institute, University of Minnesota. Bauer discusses his education and early research, including the European side of the development of ALGOL, as well as his later work in numerical analysis and programming languages.
- Photograph of F. L. Bauer (provided by Brian Randell)
- Bauer about Rutishauser at a symposium at the ETH Zürich in 2002