Friedrich Materna

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Friedrich Materna
Born (1885-06-21)21 June 1885
Hof, Mähren
Died 11 November 1946(1946-11-11) (aged 61)
Vienna, Austria
Allegiance Austria-Hungary Austria–Hungary (to 1918)
Austria First Austrian Republic (to 1938)
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Service/branch Bundesheer
Wehrmacht
Years of service 1904–1938 (Austria)
1938–1944 (Germany)
Rank Generalmajor (Austria)
General der Infanterie (Germany)
Commands held 45th Infantry Division
XX Corps
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Friedrich Materna (1885–1946) was a General in the Bundesheer (Austrian Federal Army) in the 1930s and the German Wehrmacht during the Second World War.

He became a general-major in the Austrian army in 1935, and he was also a part of the Bundesministerium für Landesverteidigung (Federal Ministry of Defence), in which he acted as Head of the Training Department.

After the Anschluss he was incorporated into the Wehrmacht, where from 1938 to 1940, he commanded the 45. Infanterie-Division. Between 1940 and 1942, he commanded the XX Armeekorps, and from 1942 to 1943, the Military District XVII.

Between 1943 and 1944, he was held in reserve, and, in 1944, he retired from the Army.

He died in 1946.

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 304.
  2. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 529.
Bibliography
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Commander of 45. Infanterie-Division
1 April 1938 – 25 October 1940
Succeeded by
Generalmajor Gerhard Körner
Preceded by
Commander of XX. Armeekorps
October 1940 – 10 September 1942
Succeeded by
General der Artillerie Rudolf Freiherr von Roman