Friedrich Stromeyer

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Friedrich Stromeyer
Friedrich Strohmeyer.jpg
Friedrich Stromeyer
Born (1776-08-02)2 August 1776
Göttingen
Died 18 August 1835(1835-08-18) (aged 59)
Göttingen
Nationality German
Fields Chemist
Institutions University of Göttingen
Alma mater University of Göttingen
Doctoral advisor Johann Friedrich Gmelin
Louis Nicolas Vauquelin
Doctoral students Robert Bunsen
Eilhard Mitscherlich
Known for Cadmium
Influenced Leopold Gmelin

Friedrich Stromeyer (2 August 1776 – 18 August 1835) was a German chemist. Stromeyer received an MD degree from the University of Göttingen in 1800, studying under Johann Friedrich Gmelin and Louis Nicolas Vauquelin. He was then a professor at the university, and also served as an inspector of apothecaries.

While studying compounds of zinc, Stromeyer discovered the element cadmium in 1817; cadmium is a common impurity of zinc compounds, though often found only in minute quantities. He was also the first to recommend starch as a reagent for free iodine and he studied chemistry of arsine and bismuthate salts.

References[edit]

  • Lockemann, Georg; Oesper, Ralph E. Friedrich Stromeyer and the history of chemical laboratory instruction, J. Chem. Ed. 1953, 30, pp. 202–204.
  • I. Asimov, Asimov's Biographical Encyclopedia of Science and Technology (2nd Ed.), Doubleday, 1982, pp. 276–277.
  • M.E. Weeks, Discovery of the Elements (7th Ed.), Leicester, H. M., Ed., J. Chem. Ed., 1968, pp. 502–508.
  • J. R. Partington, A History of Chemistry, Macmillan, 1962, vol. 3, pp. 659–660.
  • Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Ärzte, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1962, vol. 5, p. 566.

External links[edit]