Friedrich Traugott Kützing

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Friedrich Traugott Kützing ( 8 December 1807 in Ritteburg – 9 September 1893) was a German pharmacist, botanist and phycologist.

As a young man, he worked in several pharmacies in Germany, also serving as assistant for a few semesters at the chemical-pharmaceutical institute of Franz Wilhelm Schweigger-Seidel (1795–1838) at Halle. In 1835, he spent several months on a botanical excursion to Italy and Dalmatia, afterwards returning to Germany as a secondary school teacher of natural sciences in Nordhausen, a position his held until his retirement in 1883. In 1837 he was awarded with an honorary doctorate from the University of Giessen, and in 1843 received the title of professor.

Despite his limited background in regard to higher education, Kützing made significant scientific contributions. In 1833, he demonstrated differences between diatoms and desmids, thus separating the two groups into families of their own.[1] Also, independent of Charles Cagniard-Latour (1777–1859) and Theodor Schwann (1810–1882), he was among the first to provide comprehensive answers in regard to yeast and the role it played in fermentation.[2] In 1849, he published Species Algarum, a massive work that provided descriptions for 6000 species of algae.

He is the taxonomic authority of the genera Syringodium (family Cymodoceaceae) [3] and Phlebothamnion (family Ceramiaceae).[4]

Selected bibliography[edit]

  • Über den naturgeschichtlichen Unterricht in Realschulen. Schulprogramm der Realschule, Nordhausen 1837 - On natural history teaching in secondary schools.
  • Microscopische Untersuchungen über die Hefe und Essigmutter, nebst mehreren andern dazu gehörigen vegetabilischen Gebilden, in: Journ. prakt. Chem. 11 (1837), S. 385-409. - Microscopical studies of yeast, etc.
  • Phycologia generalis oder Anatomie, Physiologie und Systemkunde der Tange, Leipzig 1843.
  • Die kieselschaligen Bacillarien oder Diatomeen, Nordhausen 1844. - The silica-shelled Bacillaria or Diatomea.
  • Phycologica germanica, d. i. Deutschlands Algen in bündigen Beschreibungen. Nebst einer Anleitung zum Untersuchen und Bestimmen dieser Gewächse für Anfänger, Nordhausen 1845. - Algae from Germany in concise descriptions, etc.
  • Species Algarum, Leipzig 1849, (Known algae of all parts of the world, 6000 described species).[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Diatom.org Marginalia no. 1
  2. ^ Early Research on Fermentation — a Story of Missed Opportunities
  3. ^ IPNI List of botanical names described by Kützing
  4. ^ Algaebase Phlebothamnion Kützing, 1843.
  5. ^ Pharmazeutische Zeitung Friedrich Traugott Kützing, Apotheker und bedeutender Botaniker
  6. ^ "Author Query for 'Kütz.'". International Plant Names Index. 

External links[edit]